Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics
|Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics|
|Academic affiliation||University of Toronto|
|Location||Toronto, Ontario, Canada
The Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics (CITA) is a national research institute funded by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council, located at the University of Toronto in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. CITA's mission is "to foster interaction within the Canadian theoretical Astrophysics community and to serve as an international center of excellence for theoretical studies in astrophysics." CITA was incorporated in 1984.
CITA has close administrative and academic relations with the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR); several CITA faculty also serve as members of CIFAR.
The concept of a nationally-supported institute for theoretical astrophysics dates back to discussions within the Canadian Astronomical Society in the early 1980s. A series of committees advocated a model of a university‑based institute governed by a council of Canadian astrophysicists. Proposals were solicited from universities across the country to host this institute, which by now had been named the Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics/Institut Canadien d'astrophysique theorique (CITA/ICAT). The University of Toronto won the resulting spirited competition, and CITA (University of Toronto) was established as an institute within the School of Graduate Studies in June 1984, with staff consisting of a single professor (Peter G. Martin ) as the Acting Director and a visiting professor from Queen's University (Richard Henriksen) and a temporary administrative assistant. Today there are 7 faculty members two of which are Canada Research Chairs, two administrative staff, a Systems Manager and technical computing staff.
At the same time, Professor Richard Henriksen worked on establishing CITA, Inc. (a separate entity from CITA the institute at the University of Toronto) as an incorporated national institute and charity governed by an elected Council of Canadian astrophysics/relativity professors to promote research in theoretical astrophysics across the country. CITA Council is selected from CITA Inc members. There are presently 55 members of CITA, Inc.
CITA has a small number of long-term faculty members, and a larger number of short term (3- or 5-year) postdoctoral positions, as well as an active visitor program; the purpose of the relatively high influx of new researchers or visitors is to ensure that timely topics are well represented at CITA. There are currently 30 postdoctoral researchers at CITA, and 4 full-time administrative and computer staff. Several graduate students in the University of Toronto Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics or Department of Physics work with CITA researchers throughout their graduate work, and typically five undergraduates come to CITA to work over the summer.
CITA has active connections and exchange programs with the Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics in Germany, the Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics in the United States, and the Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics in Taiwan.
In 1985, Scott D. Tremaine came to CITA as its first Director; Margaret Fukunaga was hired as the permanent Business Officer and Richard Bond arrived as the second faculty member. Richard Bond became the Director in 1996 and Norman Murray became the new Director in 2006.
Since 1984, the directors of the institute have been as follows:
Notable past and present faculty members of CITA also include:
- Peter G. Martin 1984–Present
- Scott Tremaine 1985-1997
- Dick Bond 1985–Present
- Nick Kaiser 1988-1997
- Norm Murray 1993–Present
- Lev Kofman 1998-2009
- Ue-Li Pen 1998–Present
- Chris Thompson 2000–Present
- Roman Rafikov 2005-2007
- Harald Pfeiffer 2009–Present
CITA has active research programs in cosmology (particularly in studies of the cosmic microwave background), early universe studies and cosmic inflation, neutron stars and magnetars, active galaxies, star formation and planet formation.
- Algonquin 46m radio telescope
- Algonquin Radio Observatory
- Dominion Astrophysical Observatory
- Dominion Radio Astrophysical Observatory
- Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics
- "CITA Annual Report 2001". Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics.
- "Reallocations Exercise: 2000-2002". National Science and Engineering Research Council.
- "CITA Professor Peter Martin Elected to Royal Society of Canada". Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics.
- "World-leading cosmologist at University of Toronto wins Canada's most prestigious science prize". EurekAlert!.
- "New Director for CITA". Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics.
J. Richard Bond receives 2008 Gruber Prize in Cosmology