Canadian Naval Ensign
|Design||White field, in the canton the National Flag of Canada, in the fly an eagle superimposed on an anchor beneath a naval crown, all blue|
The Canadian Naval Ensign (French: Pavillon naval canadien) is the flag worn at the stern or (optionally when at sea) at the gaff of Her Majesty's Canadian ships. The ensign is also the flag of the Royal Canadian Navy and is used on land in this capacity.
The flag consists of a white flag with the National Flag of Canada in the canton, and in the fly a navy blue emblem comprising an anchor, an eagle and a naval crown. The flag's emblem is similar to the central device of the badge of the Canadian Forces, but omits the crossed crusader's swords associated with the army.
Introduced in 1968, it replaced the national flag as the naval jack of the Canadian Forces. Naval jacks are worn at the bow of warships, but only when anchored or docked during daylight hours or when "dressing overall" for special occasions. The national flag had replaced both the White Ensign at the ensign staff and the Canadian Blue Ensign at the jack staff in 1965, and the national flag remained the ensign of Canadian Forces ships after the introduction of the new jack. Effective May 5, 2013 (Battle of the Atlantic Sunday), the two flags switched roles: the white flag with the maple leaf canton became the ensign, and the national flag became the jack.
The commissioning pennant was the same as that used by the UK's Royal Navy until the early 1990s, at which point it was progressively phased out in favour of a new pennant of Canadian design, where the maple leaf replaces St. George's cross.
- "Navy replaces maple leaf flag for new design". CBC News. 2 May 2013. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
- "Royal Canadian Navy Adopts New Naval Ensign". The Maple Leaf. 16 (5). May 2013.
- "Domestic Stories: Display of naval flags on Her Majesty's Canadian ships as of May 5, 2013". Department of National Defence. Retrieved 13 May 2013.