Canadian Pacific Railway Upper Lake Service
The Canadian Pacific Railway Upper Lake Service, also known as the Canadian Pacific Railway Upper Lake Steamships, was a division of Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR), which began operating passenger and cargo shipping routes in the Great Lakes during the late 19th century.
In 1884, CPR began purchasing sailing ships as part of a railway supply service on the Great Lakes. Over time, CPR became a railroad company with widely organized water transportation auxiliaries including the CPR Upper Lake Service, the trans-Pacific service, the British Columbia Coast Steamships, the British Columbia Lake and River Service, the trans-Atlantic service, and the Ferry service. In the 20th century, the company evolved into a transcontinental railroad which operated two transoceanic services which connected Canada with Europe and with Asia. The range of CPR services were aspects of an integrated plan. The service was ended in 1965.
Canadian Pacific Railway Upper Lake Steamships
CPR's investment in the Great Lakes produced expanded routes and schedules. The inland waters fleet and personnel increased. The decision to expand produced an infrastructure building program. The evolution of the upper lakes service was integrated into CPR's rail service network with trans-Pacific connections.
|CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY UPPER LAKE FLEET|
|Active Service||Vessel Name||Launch Date||Maiden Voyage||Other Names||Notes||Loss Date|
|1883||SS Algoma||1883||1883||Lost in a storm on the southern shore of Isle Royale in a storm with the loss of 37 lives. Engines & Boilers reused in the SS Manitoba.||1885|
|1883||SS Athabasca||1883||1883||misspelled in the register 1883-1910, always spelled with a 'C' on the ship||1948|
|1907||SS Keewatin||1907||1907||converted as museum ship at Douglas, Michigan. Returned to its home port at Port McNicoll in 2012|
- British Columbia, Bureau of Provincial Information (1902). Bulletin, Issue 23, p. 64., p. 64, at Google Books
- Smith, Joseph Russell. (1908). The Ocean Carrier: a History and Analysis of the Service and a Discussion of the Rates of Ocean Transportation, p. 186., p. 186, at Google Books
- Mansfield, John Brandt. (1899). History of the Great Lakes, p. 471., p. 471, at Google Books
- Miramar Ship Index: SS Algoma, ID #.
- Miramar Ship Index: SS Alberta, ID #1085765.
- Miramar, SS Athabasca, ID #192875.
- Mansfield, pp. 471-472., p. 471, at Google Books
- Miramar, SS Manitoba, ID #1094879.
- Miramar, SS Assiniboia, ID #5027326.
- Maritime History of the Great Lakes, "Towing the stern of a new CPR ship."
- Miramar, SS Keewatin (1907), ID #5518453.
- Musk, George. (1981). Canadian Pacific: The Story of the Famous Shipping Line. Toronto: Holt, Rinehart and Winston of Canada. ISBN 978-0-03-920291-0; OCLC 7540915
- Keewatin Maritime Museum
- Film "Bring Her on Home"
- "Canadian Pacific Railway, Great Lakes Steamships," by R.L.Kennedy
- "CP Ships – Canadian Pacific – Posters and Ads"
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