Canadian Special Operations Forces Command
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|Canadian Special Operations Forces Command|
Badge of CANSOFCOM
|Branch||Canadian Armed Forces|
|Role||To provide operational commanders with agile, high-readiness Special Operations Forces capable of conducting special operations across the spectrum of conflict at home and abroad.|
|Size||Believed to be ~2000|
|Motto(s)||Viam Inveniemus – "We Will Find A Way"|
|Major-General Micheal Rouleau, OMM, MSC, CD|
Canadian Special Operations Forces Command (CANSOFCOM; French: Commandement des Forces d'opérations spéciales du Canada; COMFOSCAN) is a command of the Canadian Armed Forces. It is responsible for all special forces operations that are capable of responding to terrorism and threats to Canadians and Canadian interests around the world.
CANSOFCOM is composed of:
- Joint Task Force 2 (JTF2) – Ottawa
- Canadian Special Operations Regiment (CSOR) – CFB Petawawa
- 427 Special Operations Aviation Squadron (427 SOAS) – CFB Petawawa
- Canadian Joint Incident Response Unit (CJIRU) – CFB Kingston and Trenton
CANSOFCOM also employs an integrated operating concept that combines the capabilities of all units in a Special Operations Task Force (SOTF) capable of completing assigned missions and tasks. Therefore, depending on the tasks at hand, various combinations of personnel from JTF 2, CSOR, 427 SOAS and CJIRU are assembled into a Special Operations Task Force, as appropriate, to accomplish assigned missions.
The Commander selects which task force or team will be deployed based on several criteria, including: the scope of the problem; the required response time; what effect needs to be achieved; and the level of precision required.
Based on the requirement to respond to specific standing tasks assigned to the CAF by the GoC, such as respond to a terrorist attack, an international crisis or a CBRN threat, CANSOFCOM has developed several standing Special Operations Task Forces:
- Immediate Response Task Force (IRTF). The IRTF is the highest readiness task force available to the Government of Canada; it is deployed on extremely short notice to address issues that could affect national interests. It is composed of personnel from all CANSOFCOM units and is led by JTF 2. Its primary focus is counter-terrorism operations, domestic or international. Tasks include, but are not limited to: hostage rescue, direct action, CBRN response, sensitive site exploitation, counter-proliferation, and maritime special operations.
- Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN) Task Force. This Task Force is based on the personnel and capabilities of CJIRU and includes the CANSOFCOM contribution to Canada’s National CBRNE Response Team, led by the RCMP. The CBRN Task Force provides a short notice response to crisis or major events within Canada and is primarily focused on counter-terrorism that involves Chemical, Biological, Radiological and/or Nuclear elements. It provides technical response to CBRN incidents and can be enabled by the capabilities of other CANSOFCOM units as required. At the request of the Government of Canada, the CBRN Task Force can also conduct counter-proliferation operations and be deployed internationally. Tasks include, but are not limited to: reconnaissance, surveillance, sampling, limited decontamination for Task Force personnel and sensitive site exploitation.
- Task Force Arrowhead. TF Arrowhead is a scalable, agile force able to respond to threats and incidents around the globe on short notice. While it is internationally focused, it can also be deployed in Canada. It is a high readiness SOTF capable of quickly deploying to a crisis for short periods of time. It is composed of personnel from all four units in the Command and is led by CSOR. TF Arrowhead represents an initial response that could be a precursor to the deployment of another SOTF or conventional task force. Tasks include, but are not limited to: direct action, CBRN response, sensitive site exploitation, counter-proliferation, support to non-combatant evacuation operations, and special protection operations.
- SOF Teams. Small teams of CANSOFCOM personnel perform tasks that fall outside the scope of the three standing task forces. SOF teams generally deploy for short periods of time, typically not longer than six months. SOF teams are made up of personnel and capabilities from all four units. Tasks include, but are not limited to: defence, diplomacy and military assistance, strategic advice, planning and liaison, strategic reconnaissance and security support to operations of other Government of Canada organizations.
The IRTF, CBRN Task Force, Task Force Arrowhead and the SOF teams do not represent the full extent of CANSOFCOM capabilities; CANSOFCOM is capable of generating additional forces for specific needs as required.
CANSOFCOM's core tasks are: to provide the Canadian Forces with a capacity to prevent and react to terrorism in all environments, to provide the CF with a capability to perform other missions as directed by the Government of Canada, such as direct action (DA), special reconnaissance (SR), defence diplomacy and military assistance (DDMA), as well as special humanitarian assistance (such as the evacuation of non-combatants).
On September 12, 2005, Colonel David Barr was appointed the provisional commander of the CANSOFCOM. During his tenure as commander, Colonel Barr also deployed to Afghanistan as commander of the Canadian special operations task force in Operation Enduring Freedom.
With operational uniforms, all members of CANSOFCOM wear the tan beret, regardless of their environment (navy, army or air force), with the badge of their personnel branch or, in the case of the Royal Canadian Armoured Corps and Royal Canadian Infantry Corps members, the badge of their former regiment. With ceremonial and service dress, navy members wear service caps with tan bands, army members wear tan berets and air force members wear blue wedge caps with a tan insert.
- Canadian Joint Operations Command
- United States Special Operations Command
- United Kingdom Special Forces
- Special Operations Command (Australia)
Notes and references
- Canadian government website
- Government of Canada official National Defense website - SOF section
- CANSOFCOM Core Tasks
- Col Barr
- CANSOFCOM – Biography
- "Chief Warrant Officer John H. Graham, CD - Biography". Department of National Defence. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- Who Are the Canada Special Operation Forces Command
- Canadian Forces Dress Instructions. Department of National Defence. 2011. pp. 5–1–4.