Canadian federal electoral redistribution, 2012

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The federal electoral redistribution of 2012 was a redistribution of electoral districts ("ridings") in Canada following the results of the Canada 2011 Census. As a result of changes to the Electoral Boundaries Readjustment Act, the number of seats in the House of Commons of Canada increased from 308 to 338. A final report was tabled October 2013, with the changes proclaimed to take effect as of the first dissolution of Parliament occurring after May 1, 2014.[1] The names of some ridings were changed after Royal Assent was given to the Riding Name Change Act, 2014 (C-37) on June 19, 2014.

In a report[2] issued in 2014, Elections Canada noted: "On October 5, 2013, the Canada Gazette published the proclamation of the representation order, finalizing the federal electoral boundaries that will be used at the next general election called after May 1, 2014, and that will remain in effect for a decade. While some administrative tasks remained to be done after that point, Elections Canada's role of supporting the federal electoral boundaries commissions, which had worked for up to 18 months in their respective provinces, was complete."[3] The report concluded that "the process for the 2012 redistribution of federal electoral boundaries was a success.[3]

The allocation of seats to the provinces and territories was based on rules in the Constitution of Canada as well as population estimates made by Statistics Canada based on the 2006 Census (in particular, the allocation is based on an estimate for the population as of July 1, 2011, "based on 2006 Census population counts adjusted for census net undercoverage and incompletely enumerated Indian reserves").[4][5]

The expansion of the House from 308 seats to 338 seats is pursuant to the Fair Representation Act, which obtained Royal Assent on December 16, 2011.[6] It amended the Constitution Act, 1867, the Electoral Boundaries Readjustment Act, and the Canada Elections Act. In introducing the Fair Representation Act, the government's stated aims were: (1) allocating more seats to better reflect population grown in Ontario, British Columbia, and Alberta; (2) maintaining the number of seats for slower-growing provinces; and (3) maintaining the proportional representation of Quebec according to population.[7]

Compared to the seat allocation of the House of Commons in effect for the 41st Canadian Parliament (which convened in 2011), the seat allocation was changed as follows:[4]

  • Ontario: 15 more seats (121 seats in total)
  • British Columbia: 6 more seats (42 seats in total)
  • Alberta: 6 more seats (34 seats in total)
  • Quebec: 3 more seats (78 seats in total)
  • all other provinces and territories: no change in number of seats (Manitoba 14 seats, New Brunswick 10 seats, Newfoundland and Labrador 7 seats, Nova Scotia 11 seats, PEI 4 seats, Saskatchewan 14 seats and 1 seat each for the three territories)
  • House of Commons total: 30 more seats (338 in total)

The addition of three seats in Quebec marked the first time since the adoption of Canada's current electoral redistribution formula in the Constitution Act, 1982 that any province besides Ontario, Alberta and British Columbia has gained new seats.

The previous redistribution was in 2003.[8]

Alberta[edit]

Alberta was divided into 34 electoral districts, an increase of 6. On July 5, 2012 the provincial commission proposed the following 34 districts:[9]

  • BanffAirdrie: Created mostly out of the southern portion of Wild Rose and a small part of Macleod south of Cochrane. Contains the Highway corridor west of Calgary to the B.C. border as well as Calgary's northern exurbs.
  • Battle River: Created out of the southern half of Vegreville—Wainwright and the northern half of Crowfoot and a small part of the eastern part of Red Deer. Contains much of rural Central Eastern Alberta. Named for the Battle River which flows through it.
  • Bow River: Created out of the eastern half of Macleod, the northwestern corner of Medicine Hat and the southwestern quadrannt of Crowfoot. Contains the Highway 1 corridor east of Calgary past Brooks. The riding also includes Vulcan and the Highway 2 corridor roughly between Nanton and Fort Macleod. Named for the Bow River which flows through it.
  • Calgary Centre: This riding shifts eastward, moving the western boundary to 37 St SW and moving the eastern boundary to the Bow River.
  • Calgary Confederation: Created mostly from Calgary Centre-North, except losing the area north of McKnight Blvd and John Laurie Blvd. It also takes in the part of Calgary West north of the Bow River and east of Nose Hill Drive and Stony Trail. Named for Confederation Park.
  • Calgary Forest Lawn: Created mostly from parts of Calgary Northeast and Calgary Southeast and newly annexed territory of the City of Calgary that is now in the riding of Crowfoot. The riding takes in the part of Calgary Northeast south of a line following McKnight Blvd to Falconbridge Blvd to 32nd Ave and takes in the part of Calgary Southeast north of a line following the Bow River to 32 Ave SE to the CNR to 17 Ave SE. Riding named for the neighbourhood of Forest Lawn.
  • Calgary Heritage: Created mostly out of Calgary Southwest, except a few small parts of Calgary Southeast caused by adjusting the eastern boundary of the riding to follow Macleod Trail. The southern boundary of the riding is also adjusted compared to Calgary Southwest, as it would follow 24 St SW to Spruce Meadows Trail to James McKewitt Rd. The riding is likely named for Heritage Park.
  • Calgary McCall: Created almost entirely out of Calgary Northeast except for newly annexed territory of the City of Calgary now in the riding of Wild Rose. The riding would contain all of Calgary Northeast not in the proposed riding of Calgary Forest Lawn. The riding is likely named after the McCall Industrial Park or the provincial riding of the same name.
  • Calgary Midnapore: Created mostly out of Calgary Southeast but also contains parts of Calgary Southwest, Calgary East and newly annexed territory by the city of Calgary in the current riding of Macleod. The riding follows the Bow River to Glenmore Trail to Macleod Trail to James McKevitt Rd. The riding is named after the Midnapore neighbourhood.
  • Calgary Nose Hill: Apart from losing the emdash in the riding name, this riding loses all of its territory north of Stoney Trail and west of Sacree Trail and John Laurie Blvd. However, the riding also gains some territory from Calgary Centre-North. This is the area north of a line following John Laurie Blvd to McKnight Blvd.
  • Calgary Shepard: This riding is created out of parts of Calgary East and Calgary Southeast as well as newly annexed parts of the city of Calgary now in Crowfoot. The riding would be bounded on the west by the Bow River and on the north by a line following 26 Ave SE to the CNR to 17 Ave SE. The riding is named after the former hamlet of Shepard, which was annexed by Calgary in 2007.
  • Calgary Signall Hill: This riding is mostly created out of Calgary West, except for newly annexed parts of the City of Calgary now in Macleod and that part of Calgary Centre west of 37 Ave SW. The riding would contain all of Calgary Southwest south the Bow River. The riding is named after the neighbourhood of the same name.
  • Calgary Spy Hill: This riding is created mostly out of Calgary—Nose Hill except for some new areas contained in newly annexed territories of the City of Calgary now in Wild Rose and the part of Calgary West not contained in Calgary Signall Hill or Calgary Confederation. The riding would consist of all of Calgary—Nose Hill not in the new riding of Calgary Nose Hill.
  • Edmonton Callingwood
  • Edmonton Griesbach
  • Edmonton Manning
  • Edmonton McDougall
  • Edmonton Mill Woods
  • Edmonton Riverbend
  • Edmonton Strathcona
  • Edmonton—Wetaskiwin
  • Foothills
  • Fort McMurray—Athabasca
  • Grande Prairie
  • Lakeland
  • Lethbridge
  • Medicine Hat
  • Peace River—Westlock
  • Red Deer—Mountain View
  • Red Deer—Wolf Creek
  • Sherwood Park—Fort Saskatchewan
  • St. Albert—Edmonton
  • Sturgeon River
  • Yellowhead

On May 22, 2013, the commission filed its final report, outlining the following ridings:

British Columbia[edit]

British Columbia was divided into 42 electoral districts, an increase of 6. On July 3, 2012 the provincial commission proposed the following 42 districts:[10]

  • Abbotsford—Sumas
  • Burnaby North—Seymour
  • Burnaby South—Deer Lake
  • Cariboo—Prince George
  • Central Okanagan—Coquihalla
  • Chilliwack—Fraser Canyon
  • Coquitlam—Port Coquitlam
  • Delta
  • Esquimalt—Colwood
  • Fort Langley—Aldergrove
  • Kamloops—Thompson—Cariboo
  • Kelowna—Lake Country
  • Kootenay—Columbia
  • Langley—Cloverdale
  • Mission—Matsqui
  • Nanaimo—Alberni
  • Nanaimo—Cowichan
  • New Westminster—Burnaby East
  • North Okanagan—Shuswap
  • North Surrey—Guildford
  • North Vancouver
  • Pitt Meadows—Maple Ridge
  • Port Moody—Coquitlam
  • Prince George—Peace River
  • Richmond East
  • Richmond West
  • Saanich—Gulf Islands
  • Skeena—Bulkley Valley
  • South Cowichan—Juan de Fuca
  • South Okanagan—West Kootenay
  • South Surrey—White Rock
  • Surrey Centre
  • Vancouver Centre
  • Vancouver East
  • Vancouver Granville
  • Vancouver Island North
  • Vancouver Kingsway
  • Vancouver Quadra
  • Vancouver South
  • Victoria
  • West Surrey—Whalley
  • West Vancouver—Sunshine Coast—Sea to Sky Country

On August 21, 2013, the commission filed its final report, outlining the following ridings:

Manitoba[edit]

Manitoba will continue to be divided into 14 electoral districts. On August 9, 2012 the provincial commission proposed the following 14 districts:[11]

  • Brandon—Souris
  • Charleswood—St. James—Assiniboia
  • Churchill—Keewatinook Aski
  • Dauphin—Swan River—Neepawa
  • Elmwood—Transcona
  • Kildonan—St. Paul
  • Portage—Lisgar
  • Provencher
  • Saint Boniface
  • Selkirk—Interlake
  • Winnipeg Centre
  • Winnipeg North
  • Winnipeg South
  • Winnipeg South Centre

On April 15, 2013, the commission filed its final report, outlining the following ridings:

New Brunswick[edit]

New Brunswick will continue to be divided into 10 electoral districts. On June 22, 2012 the provincial commission proposed the following 10 districts:[12]

  • Acadie—Bathurst
  • Beauséjour—Dieppe
  • Fredericton
  • Fundy—Quispamsis
  • Madawaska—Restigouche
  • Miramichi
  • Moncton—Riverview
  • New Brunswick Southwest
  • Saint John
  • Tobique—Saint John River Valley

On May 22, 2013, the commission filed its final report, outlining the following ridings:

Newfoundland and Labrador[edit]

Newfoundland and Labrador will continue to be divided into 7 electoral districts. On May 25, 2012 the provincial commission proposed the following 7 districts:[13]

On April 15, 2013, the commission filed its final report, outlining the following ridings:

Northwest Territories[edit]

A commission was not required for the Northwest Territories since the territory is a single electoral district[14] and under an amendment to the Electoral Boundaries Readjustment Act it is using the name Northwest Territories again, instead of Western Arctic.

Nova Scotia[edit]

Nova Scotia will continue to be divided into 11 electoral districts. On July 12, 2012 the provincial commission proposed the following 11 districts:[15]

  • Cape Breton—Canso
  • Central Nova
  • Cumberland—Colchester
  • Dartmouth—Cole Harbour
  • Halifax
  • Halifax West
  • Kings—Hants
  • Sackville—Porters Lake
  • South Shore—St. Margarets
  • Sydney—Victoria
  • West Nova

On March 18, 2013, the commission filed its final report, outlining the following ridings:

Nunavut[edit]

A commission was not required for Nunavut since the territory is a single electoral district.[16]

Ontario[edit]

Ontario was divided into 121 electoral districts, an increase of 15. On August 27, 2012 the provincial commission proposed the following 121 districts:[17]

  • Ajax
  • Algoma—Manitoulin—Killarney
  • Ancaster
  • Aurora—Richmond Hill
  • Barrie North
  • Barrie South
  • Beaches—East York
  • Belleville—Napanee—Frontenac
  • Brampton Centre
  • Brampton—Gore
  • Brampton North
  • Brampton South
  • Brampton West
  • Brant
  • Bruce—Grey—Owen Sound
  • Burlington
  • Cambridge
  • Carleton—Kanata
  • Chatham-Kent
  • Davenport
  • Don Valley East
  • Don Valley North
  • Dufferin—Caledon
  • Eglinton—Lawrence
  • Elgin—Middlesex—London
  • Essex
  • Etobicoke Centre
  • Etobicoke—Lakeshore
  • Etobicoke North
  • Glengarry—Prescott—Russell
  • Guelph
  • Haldiman—Norfolk
  • Haliburton—Uxbridge
  • Halton
  • Hamilton Centre
  • Hamilton East—Stoney Creek
  • Hamilton Mountain
  • Huron—Bruce
  • Kawartha Lakes—Port Hope—Cobourg
  • Kenora
  • Kingston and the Islands
  • Kitchener Centre
  • Kitchener—Conestoga
  • Kitchener South—North Dumfries—Brant
  • Lambton—Kent—Middlesex
  • Lanark—Frontenac—Hastings
  • Leeds—Grenville
  • London—Fanshawe
  • London North Centre
  • London West
  • Markham
  • Markham—Stouffville
  • Markham—Unionville
  • Milton
  • Mississauga Centre
  • Mississauga East—Cooksville
  • Mississauga—Erin Mills
  • Mississauga North
  • Mississauga South
  • Mississauga West—Streetsville
  • Mount Pleasant
  • Nepean
  • Nepean—Carleton
  • Newmarket—Aurora
  • Niagara Falls
  • Niagara West
  • Nickel Belt—Timiskaming
  • Nipissing
  • Oak Ridges
  • Oakville
  • Oshawa—Bowmanville
  • Oshawa—Durham
  • Ottawa Centre
  • Ottawa—Orléans
  • Ottawa South
  • Ottawa—Vanier
  • Ottawa West—Nepean
  • Oxford
  • Parkdale—High Park
  • Parry Sound—Muskoka
  • Perth—Wellington
  • Peterborough
  • Pickering—Brooklin
  • Prince Edward—Quinte West
  • Renfrew—Pembroke
  • Richmond Hill
  • St. Catharines
  • St. Paul's
  • Sarnia—Lambton
  • Sault Ste. Marie
  • Scarborough—Agincourt
  • Scarborough Centre
  • Scarborough East
  • Scarborough—Guildwood
  • Scarborough North
  • Scarborough Southwest
  • Simcoe—Grey
  • Simcoe North
  • Stormont—Dundas—South Glengarry
  • Sudbury
  • Thunder Bay—Rainy River
  • Thunder Bay—Superior North
  • Timmins—Cochrane—James Bay
  • Toronto Centre
  • Toronto—Danforth
  • Toronto North
  • Trinity—Spadina
  • Vaughan—Thornhill
  • Vaughan—Woodbridge
  • Waterdown—Glanbrook
  • Waterloo
  • Welland—Fort Erie
  • Wellington—Halton Hills
  • Whitby
  • Willowdale
  • Windsor—Tecumseh
  • Windsor West
  • York Centre
  • York—Simcoe
  • York South—Weston
  • York West

On September 30, 2013, the commission filed its final report, outlining the following ridings:

Prince Edward Island[edit]

Prince Edward Island will continue to be divided into 4 electoral districts. On July 12, 2012 the provincial commission proposed no changes to the following 4 districts:[18]

  • Cardigan
  • Charlottetown
  • Egmont
  • Malpeque

Quebec[edit]

Quebec was divided into 78 electoral districts, an increase of 3. On July 16, 2012 the provincial commission proposed the following 78 districts: [19]

  • Abitibi—Nunavik
  • Abitibi—Témiscamingue
  • Alfred-Dubuc
  • Alfred-Pellan
  • Anne-Hébert
  • Aylmer
  • Beauce
  • Bourassa
  • Brome—Missisquoi
  • Cap-Rouge
  • Charlevoix—Saguenay
  • Châteauguay
  • Compton—Stanstead
  • Côte-de-Beaupré
  • Curé-Labelle
  • Denis-Benjamin-Viger
  • Drummond
  • Elzéar-Bernier
  • Étienne-Parent
  • Gaspésie—Les Îles
  • George-Étienne-Cartier
  • Gilles-Villeneuve
  • Hautes-Laurentides—Pontiac
  • Hochelaga
  • Idola-Saint-Jean
  • John-Peters-Humphrey
  • Joliette
  • La Chute
  • Lachine—LaSalle
  • Lac-Saint-Jean
  • Lac-Saint-Louis
  • Laurentides
  • Lévis
  • Lignery
  • Longueuil
  • Lotbinière—Mégantic
  • Louis-Fréchette
  • MacDonald-Langstaff
  • Manicouagan
  • Maurice-Richard
  • Mille-Îles
  • Montarville
  • Montcalm
  • Montréal-Est
  • Nicolas-Vincent
  • Outaouais
  • Outremont
  • Ozias-Leduc
  • Papineau
  • Paul-Comtois
  • Paul-Ragueneau
  • Paul-Sauvé
  • Petite-Nation
  • Pierre-Legardeur
  • Plateau—Mile End
  • Québec
  • Richmond—Arthabaska
  • Rimouski
  • Rivière-des-Prairies
  • Roger-Lemelin
  • Sainte-Rose
  • Saint-Hyacinthe—Bagot
  • Saint-Jean
  • Saint-Lambert
  • Saint-Léonard
  • Sault-au-Récollet
  • Shawinigane
  • Shefford
  • Sherbrooke
  • Soulanges
  • Terrebonne
  • Trois-Rivières
  • Urbain-Brossard
  • Vaudreuil
  • Verchères—Les Patriotes
  • Verdun
  • Ville-Marie
  • Wilder-Penfield

On August 21, 2013, the commission filed its final report, outlining the following ridings:

Saskatchewan[edit]

Saskatchewan will continue to be divided into 14 electoral districts. On August 7, 2012 the provincial commission proposed the following 14 districts:[20]

  • Cypress Hills—Grasslands
  • Desnethé—Missinippi—Churchill River
  • Kindersley—Rosetown—Humboldt
  • Lloydminster—Battlefords—Rosthern
  • Moose Jaw—Lake Centre—Lanigan
  • Prince Albert
  • Regina—Lewvan
  • Regina—Qu'Appelle
  • Saskatoon Centre—University
  • Saskatoon—Grasswood
  • Saskatoon West
  • Souris—Moose Mountain
  • Wascana
  • Yorkton—Melville

On August 21, 2013, the commission filed its final report, outlining the following ridings:

Yukon[edit]

A commission was not required for Yukon since the territory is a single electoral district.[21]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Proclamation of 2012-2014 electoral district redistribution". Government of Canada. Retrieved 2014-01-13. 
  2. ^ "2012 Redistribution of Federal Electoral Districts: SE3-93/2014E-PDF". Government of Canada Publications. Retrieved 2015-01-23. 
  3. ^ a b "2012 Redistribution of Federal Electoral Districts: Process Assessment Report (Cat. No. SE3-93/2014E-PDF)" (PDF). Elections Canada. 2014. Retrieved 2015-01-23. 
  4. ^ a b "House of Commons Seat Allocation by Province". Elections Canada. 2012-03-23. Retrieved 2015-01-19. 
  5. ^ "Table 2: Annual population estimates". The Daily. Statistics Canada. 2011-09-28. Retrieved 2015-01-19. 
  6. ^ "House Government Bill C-20 (41-1)". LEGISinfo. Parliament of Canada. Retrieved 2015-01-23. 
  7. ^ "Fair Representation Act Moves Every Province Towards Rep-By-Pop" (Press release). 2011-10-27. Archived from the original on 2013-12-10. 
  8. ^ Template:Url=http://www.elections.ca/content.aspx?section=res&dir=cir/red&document=index&lang=e
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