Canadian order of precedence

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This article is about the order of precedence for Canadian dignitaries. For the list of precedence for medals, honours and post-nominals, see Canadian order of precedence (decorations and medals).

The Canadian order of precedence is a nominal and symbolic hierarchy of important positions within the governing institutions of Canada. It has no legal standing but is used to dictate ceremonial protocol.

The Department of Canadian Heritage issues a Table of Precedence for Canada,[1] which does not include members of the Royal Family, save for the sovereign, mentioned in a note as preceding the governor general. The Department of National Defence issues near identical guidelines, with the primary difference being the inclusion of members of the Canadian Royal Family,[2] specifying that they take precedence after the governor general. The provinces and territories of Canada also have their own orders of precedence for events of a provincial or territorial nature. They serve the same purpose and are structured similarly, but place an emphasis on provincial or territorial offices.

All units of the Canadian Forces also have an order of precedence that determines seniority; it often decides such matters as which unit forms up to the right (senior side) of other units on a ceremonial parade, or the order in which marches or calls are played at a mess dinner.

  1. The Sovereign (Queen Elizabeth II)[3]
  2. Governor General of Canada: David Johnston CC CMM COM CD FRSC(hon)
  3. Prime Minister of Canada: Stephen Harper PC MP
  4. Chief Justice of Canada: Beverley McLachlin PC
  5. Former Governors General of Canada in order of their departure from office:
    1. Ed Schreyer PC CC CMM OM CD (1979–1984)
    2. Adrienne Clarkson PC CC CMM COM CD FRSC(hon) FRAIC(hon) FRCPSC(hon) (1999–2005)
    3. Michaëlle Jean PC CC CMM COM CD FRCPSC(hon) (2005–2010)
  6. Surviving spouses of deceased Governors General of Canada:
    1. Gerda Hnatyshyn CC
    2. Diana Fowler LeBlanc CC
  7. Former Prime Ministers of Canada in order of their first assumption of office:
    1. Joe Clark PC CC AOE (1979–1980)
    2. John Turner PC CC QC (1984)
    3. Brian Mulroney PC CC GOQ (1984–1993)
    4. Kim Campbell PC CC OBC QC (1993)
    5. Jean Chrétien PC OM CC QC (1993–2003)
    6. Paul Martin PC CC (2003–2006)
  8. Former Chief Justices of Canada, in order of their appointment
    (none currently living)
  9. Speaker of the Canadian Senate: Leo Housakos
  10. Speaker of the Canadian House of Commons: Andrew Scheer MP
  11. Representatives to Canada of foreign governments
    Ambassadors and High Commissioners come first, in order of the presentation of their credentials; then come Ministers Plenipotentiary, and then Chargés d'affaires.
  12. Ministers of the Crown
    1. Members of the Cabinet in order of appointment to the Queen's Privy Council for Canada with ties broken by order of election to the House or appointment to the Senate[4]
      1. Bernard Valcourt PC MP, Minister of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development (June 30, 1986)
      2. Rob Nicholson PC QC MP, Minister of National Defence (June 25, 1993)
      3. Peter MacKay PC QC MP, Minister of Justice and Attorney-General of Canada (February 6, 2006)
      4. Rona Ambrose PC MP, Minister of Health (February 6, 2006)
      5. Diane Finley PC MP, Minister of Public Works and Government Services (February 6, 2006)
      6. Tony Clement PC MP, President of the Treasury Board and Minister for the Federal Economic Development Agency for Northern Ontario (February 6, 2006)
      7. Peter Van Loan PC MP, Leader of the Government in the House of Commons (November 27, 2006)
      8. Jason Kenney PC MP, Minister of Employment and Social Development and Minister for Multiculturalism (January 4, 2007)
      9. Gerry Ritz PC MP, Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food and Minister for the Canadian Wheat Board (January 4, 2007)
      10. Christian Paradis PC MP, Minister of International Cooperation (January 4, 2007)
      11. James Moore PC MP Minister of Industry (June 25, 2008)
      12. Denis Lebel PC MP, Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs and Minister of the Economic Development Agency of Canada for the Regions of Quebec (October 30, 2008)
      13. Leona Aglukkaq PC MP, Minister of the Environment (October 30, 2008)
      14. Lisa Raitt PC MP, Minister of Transport (October 30, 2008)
      15. Gail Shea PC MP, Minister of Fisheries and Oceans (October 30, 2008)
      16. Julian Fantino PC MP, Minister of Veterans Affairs (January 4, 2011)
      17. Steven Blaney PC MP, Minister of Public Safety (May 18, 2011)
      18. Ed Fast PC MP, Minister of International Trade and Minister for the Asia-Pacific Gateway (May 18, 2011)
      19. Joe Oliver PC MP, Minister of Natural Resources (May 18, 2011)
      20. Kerry-Lynne Findlay PC MP, Minister of National Revenue (July 5, 2012)
      21. Shelly Glover PC MP, Minister of Canadian Heritage and Official Languages (July 15, 2013)
      22. Kellie Leitch PC MP, Minister of Labour (July 15, 2013)
      23. Chris Alexander PC MP, Minister of Citizenship and Immigration (July 15, 2013)
    2. Ministers of State in order of appointment to the Queen's Privy Council for Canada with ties broken by order of election to the House or appointment to the Senate[5]
      1. Maxime Bernier PC MP, Minister of State (Small Business and Tourism) (January 19, 2010)
      2. John Duncan PC OMM CD MP, Minister of State and Chief Government Whip (August 6, 2010)
      3. Lynne Yelich PC MP, Minister of State of Foreign Affairs (Americas and Consular Affairs)(October 30, 2008)
      4. Gary Goodyear PC MP, Minister of State (Federal Economic Development Agency for Southern Ontario) (October 30, 2008)
      5. Rob Moore PC MP, Minister of State (ACOA) (January 19, 2010)
      6. Tim Uppal PC MP, Minister of State (Multiculturalism) (May 18, 2011)
      7. Alice Wong PC MP, Minister of State (Seniors) (May 18, 2011)
      8. Bal Gosal, Minister of State (Sport) (May 18, 2011)
      9. Kevin Sorenson, Minister of State (Finance) (July 15, 2013)
      10. Pierre Poilievre PC MP, Minister of State (Democratic Reform) (July 15, 2013)
      11. Greg Rickford, Minister of State (Science and Technology) (July 15, 2013)
      12. Candice Bergen, Minister of State (Social Development) (July 15, 2013)
      13. Michelle Rempel, Minister of State (Western Economic Diversification) (July 15, 2013)
  13. Leader of Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition: Thomas Mulcair, PC MP
  14. Lieutenant Governors of the provinces, in the order their province joined Confederation and by population at joining to break ties
    1. Lieutenant Governor of Ontario: Elizabeth Dowdeswell OC OOnt
    2. Lieutenant Governor of Quebec: Pierre Duchesne
    3. Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia: John James Grant CMM ONS CD
    4. Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick: Jocelyne Roy-Vienneau ONB
    5. Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba: Janice Filmon CM OM
    6. Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia: Judith Guichon OBC
    7. Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island: Frank Lewis O.PEI
    8. Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan: Vaughn Solomon Schofield SOM SVM
    9. Lieutenant Governor of Alberta: Lois Mitchell CM AOE
    10. Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland and Labrador: Frank Fagan CM ONL
  15. All other Members of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada in order with the date of their appointment to the Privy Council, but with precedence given to those who bear the title "Right Honourable" in accordance with the date of receiving the honorary title.[6]
    1. Don Mazankowski PC OC AOE (1992) (the only person with the title "Right Honourable" who is not higher on the list)
    2. List of current members of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada
  16. Premiers of the Provinces, in the order their province joined confederation and by population at joining to break ties
    1. Premier of Ontario: Kathleen Wynne MPP
    2. Premier of Quebec: Philippe Couillard PC MNA; also appears higher on the list
    3. Premier of Nova Scotia: Stephen McNeil MLA
    4. Premier of New Brunswick: Brian Gallant MLA
    5. Premier of Manitoba: Greg Selinger MLA
    6. Premier of British Columbia: Christy Clark, MLA
    7. Premier of Prince Edward Island: Wade MacLauchlan, MLA
    8. Premier of Saskatchewan: Brad Wall MLA
    9. Premier of Alberta: Rachel Notley, MLA
    10. Premier of Newfoundland and Labrador: Tom Marshall QC MHA
  17. Commissioners of the Territories
    1. Commissioner of the Northwest Territories: George Tuccaro[7]
    2. Commissioner of the Yukon Territory: Doug Phillips
    3. Commissioner of Nunavut: Edna Elias
  18. Premiers of the Territories
    1. Premier of the Northwest Territories: Bob McLeod MLA[8]
    2. Premier of Yukon Territory: Darrell Pasloski, MLA
    3. Premier of Nunavut: Peter Taptuna MLA
  19. Religious leaders, equally, by seniority
    Limited to "senior Canadian representatives of faith communities having a significant presence in a relevant jurisdiction".
  20. Puisne Judges of the Supreme Court
    1. Rosalie Abella FRSC
    2. Marshall Rothstein QC
    3. Thomas Cromwell
    4. Michael J. Moldaver
    5. Andromache Karakatsanis
    6. Richard Wagner
    7. Clément Gascon
    8. Suzanne Côté
  21. Superior court justices
    1. Chief Justice and the Associate Chief Justice of the Federal Court of Canada
      1. Chief Justice of the Federal Court of Canada: Paul S. Crampton
      2. Associate Chief Justice of the Federal Court of Canada (None currently)
    2. Chief Justices of the highest court of each province and territory in order of date of appointment as chief justice
      1. Catherine Fraser, Chief Justice of Alberta, the Northwest Territories, and Nunavut (12 March 1992)
      2. Ernest Drapeau, Chief Justice of New Brunswick (2003)
      3. Michael MacDonald, Chief Justice of Nova Scotia (2005)
      4. David H. Jenkins, Chief Justice of Prince Edward Island (1 February 2008)
      5. Derek Green, Chief Justice of Newfoundland and Labrador (2009)
      6. Nicole Duval Hesler, Chief Justice of Quebec (7 October 2011)
      7. Richard J. Chartier, Chief Justice of Manitoba (8 March 2013)
      8. Robert J. Bauman, Chief Justice of British Columbia and Yukon (16 June 2013)
      9. Robert Richards, Chief Justice of Saskatchewan (2013)
      10. George Strathy, Chief Justice of Ontario (13 June 2014)
    3. Chief Justices and Associate Chief Justices of other superior courts, in order of appointment as chief justice
      1. David Smith, Chief Justice of the Court of Queen's Bench of New Brunswick (1998)
      2. Heather Forster Smith, Chief Justice of the Superior Court of Justice (2002)
      3. Lori Douglas, Associate Chief Justice, Family Division, of the Court of Queen's Bench of Manitoba (14 May 2009)
      4. Glenn Joyal, Chief Justice of the Court of Queen's Bench of Manitoba (4 February 2011)
      5. Alexandra Hoy, Associate Chief Justice of Ontario (6 June 2013)
      6. Frank Marrocco, Associate Chief Justice of the Superior Court of Justice (2013)
      7. Chief Justice of the Superior Court of Quebec: François Rolland
      8. Senior Associate Chief Justice of the Superior Court of Quebec: Robert Pidgeon
      9. Associate Chief Justice of the Superior Court of Quebec: André Wery
      10. Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia: Joseph Kennedy
      11. Associate Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia: Deborah K. Smith
      12. Associate Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia, Family Division: Lawrence I. O'Neil
      13. Associate Chief Justice of the Court of Queen's Bench of Manitoba: Shane Perlmutter
      14. Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of British Columbia (Christopher E. Hinkson)
      15. Associate Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of British Columbia: Austin F. Cullen
      16. Chief Justice of the Trial Division, Supreme Court of Prince Edward Island: Jacqueline Matheson
      17. Chief Justice of the Court of Queen's Bench for Saskatchewan: Martel Popescul
      18. Chief Justice of the Court of Queen's Bench of Alberta: Neil Wittmann
      19. Associate Chief Justice of the Court of Queen's Bench of Alberta: J.D. Rooke
      20. Chief Justice of the Trial Division of the Supreme Court of Newfoundland: David B. Orsborn
      21. Senior Judge of the Supreme Court of the Northwest Territories: Virginia Schuler
      22. Senior Judge of the Supreme Court of the Yukon Territory: Ronald Veale
      23. Senior Judge of the Nunavut Court of Justice: Robert Kilpatrick
    4. Federal and provincial superior court puisne justices
  22. Senators
    1. List of current Canadian senators
  23. Members of the House of Commons
    1. List of House members of the 41st Parliament of Canada
  24. Consuls General of Countries Without Diplomatic Representation
  25. Clerk of the Privy Council and Secretary to Cabinet: Janice Charette
  26. Military Leaders
    1. Chief of the Defence Staff: General Thomas J. Lawson CMM CD
    2. Commissioner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police: Bob Paulson COM
  27. Speakers of the Legislative Assemblies of the Provinces and Territories
    1. Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario: Dave Levac MPP
    2. President of the National Assembly of Quebec: Jacques Chagnon MNA
    3. Speaker of the Nova Scotia House of Assembly: Gordie Gosse MLA
    4. Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick: Dale Graham MLA
    5. Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba: Daryl Reid MLA
    6. Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia: Linda Reid MLA
    7. Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island: Carolyn Bertram MLA
    8. Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan: Dan D'Autremont MLA
    9. Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta (vacant )
    10. Speaker of the Newfoundland and Labrador House of Assembly: Ross Wiseman MHA
    11. Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories: Jackie Jacobson MLA
    12. Speaker of the Yukon Legislative Assembly: David Laxton MLA
    13. Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Nunavut: George Qulaut MLA
  28. Members of the Executive Councils of the Provinces and Territories
  29. Judges of Provincial and Territorial Courts
  30. Members of the Legislative Assemblies of the Provinces and Territories
  31. Chairperson of the Canadian Association of Former Parliamentarians

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Department of Canadian Heritage: Table of Precedence for Canada
  2. ^ The Honours, Flags and Heritage Structure of the Canadian Forces
  3. ^ Footnote 1 of the Table of Precedence for Canada issued by the Department of Canadian Heritage states that the Queen is to be afforded precedence immediately before the Governor General. No other members of the Royal Family are listed in the table or mentioned in the footnotes. The Department of National Defence's protocol, places members of the royal family immediately after the Governor General when they are in Canada. That DND protocol does not list a precedence within the royal family.
  4. ^ The Ministry in order of precedence
  5. ^ The Ministry in order of precedence
  6. ^ Members of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada
  7. ^ New commissioner sworn in
  8. ^ Premier and Cabinet take the Oath of Office

External links[edit]