Canadian order of precedence

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This article is about the order of precedence for Canadian dignitaries. For the list of precedence for medals, honours and post-nominals, see Canadian order of precedence (decorations and medals).

The Canadian order of precedence is a nominal and symbolic hierarchy of important positions within the governing institutions of Canada. It has no legal standing but is used to dictate ceremonial protocol.

The Department of Canadian Heritage issues a Table of Precedence for Canada,[1] which does not include members of the Royal Family, save for the sovereign, mentioned in a note as preceding the governor general. The Department of National Defence issues near identical guidelines, with the primary difference being the inclusion of members of the Canadian Royal Family,[2] specifying that they take precedence after the governor general. The provinces and territories of Canada also have their own orders of precedence for events of a provincial or territorial nature. They serve the same purpose and are structured similarly, but place an emphasis on provincial or territorial offices.

All units of the Canadian Forces also have an order of precedence that determines seniority; it often decides such matters as which unit forms up to the right (senior side) of other units on a ceremonial parade, or the order in which marches or calls are played at a mess dinner.

  1. Queen of Canada: Her Majesty Elizabeth II[3]
  2. Governor General of Canada: His Excellency the Right Honourable David Johnston
  3. Prime Minister of Canada: The Right Honourable Justin Trudeau
  4. Chief Justice of Canada: The Right Honourable Beverley McLachlin
  5. Former Governors General of Canada in order of their departure from office:
    1. The Right Honourable Ed Schreyer (1979–1984)
    2. The Right Honourable Adrienne Clarkson (1999–2005)
    3. The Right Honourable Michaëlle Jean (2005–2010)
  6. Surviving spouses of deceased Governors General of Canada:
    1. Gerda Hnatyshyn, widow of The Right Honourable Ray Hnatyshyn
    2. Diana Fowler LeBlanc, widow of The Right Honourable Roméo LeBlanc
  7. Former Prime Ministers of Canada in order of their first assumption of office:
    1. The Right Honourable Joe Clark (1979–1980)
    2. The Right Honourable John Turner (1984)
    3. The Right Honourable Brian Mulroney (1984–1993)
    4. The Right Honourable Kim Campbell (1993)
    5. The Right Honourable Jean Chrétien (1993–2003)
    6. The Right Honourable Paul Martin (2003–2006)
    7. The Right Honourable Stephen Harper (2006–2015)
  8. Former Chief Justices of Canada, in order of their appointment
    (none currently living)
  9. Speaker of the Canadian Senate: The Honourable George Furey
  10. Speaker of the Canadian House of Commons: The Honourable Geoff Regan
  11. Representatives to Canada of foreign governments
    Ambassadors and High Commissioners come first, in order of the presentation of their credentials; then come Ministers Plenipotentiary, and then Chargés d'affaires.
  12. Ministers of the Crown
    1. Members of the Cabinet in order of appointment to the Queen's Privy Council for Canada with ties broken by order of election to the House or appointment to the Senate[4]
      1. The Honourable Ralph Goodale, Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness (4 November 1993, MP in 1974)
      2. The Honourable Lawrence MacAulay, Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food (4 November 1993, MP in 1988)
      3. The Honourable Stéphane Dion, Minister of Foreign Affairs (25 January 1996)
      4. The Honourable John McCallum, Minister of Immigration, Citizenship, and Refugees (15 January 2002)
      5. The Honourable Carolyn Bennett, Minister of Indigenous and Northern Affairs (12 December 2003, MP in 1997)
      6. The Honourable Scott Brison, President of the Treasury Board (12 December 2003, MP in 1997)
      7. The Honourable Dominic Leblanc, Leader of the Government in the House of Commons (20 July 2004)
      8. The Honourable Navdeep Bains, Minister of Innovation, Science, and Economic Development (7 October 2005)
      9. The Honourable Judy Foote, Minister of Public Services and Procurement (4 November 2015, MP in 1996)
      10. The Honourable Marc Garneau, Minister of Transport (4 November 2015, MP in 2008)
      11. The Honourable Kirsty Duncan, Minister of Science (4 November 2015, MP in 2008)
      12. The Honourable Chrystia Freeland, Minister of International Trade (4 November 2015, MP in 2013)
      13. The Honourable Bill Morneau, Minister of Finance (4 November 2015, MP in 2015)
      14. The Honourable Jody Wilson-Raybould, Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada (4 November 2015, MP in 2015)
      15. The Honourable Jane Philpott, Minister of Health (4 November 2015, MP in 2015)
      16. The Honourable Jean-Yves Duclos, Minister of Families, Children, and Social Development (4 November 2015, MP in 2015)
      17. The Honourable Marie-Claude Bibeau, Minister of International Development and Minister responsible for La francophonie (4 November 2015, MP in 2015)
      18. The Honourable Jim Carr, Minister of Natural Resources (4 November 2015, MP in 2015)
      19. The Honourable Mélanie Joly, Minister of Heritage (4 November 2015, MP in 2015)
      20. The Honourable Diane Lebouthillier, Minister of National Revenue (4 November 2015, MP in 2015)
      21. The Honourable Kent Hehr, Minister of Veterans Affairs and Associate Minister of National Defence (4 November 2015, MP in 2015)
      22. The Honourable Catherine McKenna, Minister of Environment and Climate Change (4 November 2015, MP in 2015)
      23. The Honourable Harjit Sajjan, Minister of National Defence (4 November 2015, MP in 2015)
      24. The Honourable MaryAnn Mihychuk, Minister of Employment Workforce Development and Labour (4 November 2015, MP in 2015)
      25. The Honourable Amarjeet Sohi, Minister of Infrastructure and Communities (4 November 2015, MP in 2015)
      26. The Honourable Maryam Monsef, Minister of Democratic Institutions (4 November 2015, MP in 2015)
      27. The Honourable Carla Qualtrough, Minister of Sport and Minister of Persons with Disabilities (4 November 2015, MP in 2015)
      28. The Honourable Hunter Tootoo, Minister of Fisheries and Oceans, and Canadian Coastguard (4 November 2015, MP in 2015)
      29. The Honourable Patty Hajdu, Minister responsible for the Status of Women (4 November 2015, MP in 2015)
      30. The Honourable Bardish Chagger, Minister of Small Business and Tourism (4 November 2015, MP in 2015)
    2. Ministers of State in order of appointment to the Queen's Privy Council for Canada with ties broken by order of election to the House or appointment to the Senate[5]
      1. none at this time
  13. Leader of Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition: The Honourable Rona Ambrose (Interim)
  14. Lieutenant Governors of the provinces, in the order their province joined Confederation and by population at joining to break ties
    1. Lieutenant Governor of Ontario: The Honourable Elizabeth Dowdeswell
    2. Lieutenant Governor of Quebec: The Honourable J. Michel Doyon
    3. Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia: The Honourable John James Grant
    4. Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick: The Honourable Jocelyne Roy-Vienneau
    5. Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba: The Honourable Janice Filmon
    6. Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia: The Honourable Judith Guichon
    7. Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island: The Honourable Frank Lewis
    8. Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan: The Honourable Vaughn Solomon Schofield
    9. Lieutenant Governor of Alberta: The Honourable Lois Mitchell
    10. Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland and Labrador: The Honourable Frank Fagan
  15. All other Members of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada in order with the date of their appointment to the Privy Council, but with precedence given to those who bear the title "Right Honourable" in accordance with the date of receiving the honorary title.[6]
    1. The Right Honourable Don Mazankowski PC OC AOE (1992) (the only person with the title "Right Honourable" who is not higher on the list)
    2. List of current members of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada
  16. Premiers of the Provinces, in the order their province joined confederation and by population at joining to break ties
    1. Premier of Ontario: The Honourable Kathleen Wynne
    2. Premier of Quebec: The Honourable Philippe Couillard; Philippe Couillard also appears higher on the list
    3. Premier of Nova Scotia: The Honourable Stephen McNeil
    4. Premier of New Brunswick: The Honourable Brian Gallant
    5. Premier of Manitoba: The Honourable Greg Selinger
    6. Premier of British Columbia: The Honourable Christy Clark
    7. Premier of Prince Edward Island: The Honourable Wade MacLauchlan
    8. Premier of Saskatchewan: The Honourable Brad Wall
    9. Premier of Alberta: The Honourable Rachel Notley
    10. Premier of Newfoundland and Labrador: The Honourable Dwight Ball
  17. Commissioners of the Territories
    1. Commissioner of the Northwest Territories: The Honourable George Tuccaro
    2. Commissioner of the Yukon Territory: The Honourable Doug Phillips
    3. Commissioner of Nunavut: The Honourable Nellie Kusugak
  18. Premiers of the Territories
    1. Premier of the Northwest Territories: The Honourable Bob McLeod
    2. Premier of Yukon: The Honourable Darrell Pasloski
    3. Premier of Nunavut: The Honourable Peter Taptuna
  19. Religious leaders, equally, by seniority
    Limited to "senior Canadian representatives of faith communities having a significant presence in a relevant jurisdiction".
  20. Puisne Judges of the Supreme Court
    1. The Honourable Rosalie Abella
    2. The Honourable Thomas Cromwell
    3. The Honourable Michael J. Moldaver
    4. The Honourable Andromache Karakatsanis
    5. The Honourable Richard Wagner
    6. The Honourable Clément Gascon
    7. The Honourable Suzanne Côté
    8. The Honourable Russell Brown
  21. Superior court justices
    1. Chief Justice and the Associate Chief Justice of the Federal Court of Canada
      1. Chief Justice of the Federal Court of Canada: The Honourable Paul S. Crampton
      2. Associate Chief Justice of the Federal Court of Canada (None currently)
    2. Chief Justices of the highest court of each province and territory in order of date of appointment as chief justice
      1. The Honourable Catherine Fraser, Chief Justice of Alberta, the Northwest Territories, and Nunavut (12 March 1992)
      2. The Honourable Ernest Drapeau, Chief Justice of New Brunswick (2003)
      3. The Honourable Michael MacDonald, Chief Justice of Nova Scotia (2005)
      4. The Honourable David H. Jenkins, Chief Justice of Prince Edward Island (1 February 2008)
      5. The Honourable Derek Green, Chief Justice of Newfoundland and Labrador (2009)
      6. The Honourable Nicole Duval Hesler, Chief Justice of Quebec (7 October 2011)
      7. The Honourable Richard J. Chartier, Chief Justice of Manitoba (8 March 2013)
      8. The Honourable Robert J. Bauman, Chief Justice of British Columbia and Yukon (16 June 2013)
      9. The Honourable Robert Richards, Chief Justice of Saskatchewan (2013)
      10. The Honourable George Strathy, Chief Justice of Ontario (13 June 2014)
    3. Chief Justices and Associate Chief Justices of other superior courts, in order of appointment as chief justice
      1. The Honourable David Smith, Chief Justice of the Court of Queen's Bench of New Brunswick (1998)
      2. The Honourable Heather Forster Smith, Chief Justice of the Superior Court of Justice (2002)
      3. The Honourable Lori Douglas, Associate Chief Justice, Family Division, of the Court of Queen's Bench of Manitoba (14 May 2009)
      4. The Honourable Glenn Joyal, Chief Justice of the Court of Queen's Bench of Manitoba (4 February 2011)
      5. The Honourable Alexandra Hoy, Associate Chief Justice of Ontario (6 June 2013)
      6. The Honourable Frank Marrocco, Associate Chief Justice of the Superior Court of Justice (2013)
      7. Chief Justice of the Superior Court of Quebec: The Honourable François Rolland
      8. Senior Associate Chief Justice of the Superior Court of Quebec: The Honourable Robert Pidgeon
      9. Associate Chief Justice of the Superior Court of Quebec: The Honourable André Wery
      10. Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia: The Honourable Joseph Kennedy
      11. Associate Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia: The Honourable Deborah K. Smith
      12. Associate Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia, Family Division: The Honourable Lawrence I. O'Neil
      13. Associate Chief Justice of the Court of Queen's Bench of Manitoba: The Honourable Shane Perlmutter
      14. Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of British Columbia (The Honourable Christopher E. Hinkson)
      15. Associate Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of British Columbia: The Honourable Austin F. Cullen
      16. Chief Justice of the Trial Division, Supreme Court of Prince Edward Island: The Honourable Jacqueline Matheson
      17. Chief Justice of the Court of Queen's Bench for Saskatchewan: The Honourable Martel Popescul
      18. Chief Justice of the Court of Queen's Bench of Alberta: The Honourable Neil Wittmann
      19. Associate Chief Justice of the Court of Queen's Bench of Alberta: The Honourable J.D. Rooke
      20. Chief Justice of the Trial Division of the Supreme Court of Newfoundland: The Honourable David B. Orsborn
      21. Senior Judge of the Supreme Court of the Northwest Territories: The Honourable Virginia Schuler
      22. Senior Judge of the Supreme Court of the Yukon Territory: The Honourable Ronald Veale
      23. Senior Judge of the Nunavut Court of Justice: The Honourable Robert Kilpatrick
    4. Federal and provincial superior court puisne justices
  22. Senators
    See List of current Canadian senators
  23. Members of the House of Commons
    See List of House members of the 42nd Parliament of Canada
  24. Consuls General of Countries Without Diplomatic Representation
  25. Clerk of the Privy Council and Secretary to Cabinet: Janice Charette
  26. Military Leaders
    1. Chief of the Defence Staff: Jonathan Vance
    2. Commissioner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police: Bob Paulson
  27. Speakers of the Legislative Assemblies of the Provinces and Territories
    1. Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario: The Honourable Dave Levac
    2. President of the National Assembly of Quebec: The Honourable Jacques Chagnon
    3. Speaker of the Nova Scotia House of Assembly: The Honourable Kevin Murphy
    4. Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick: The Honourable Chris Collins
    5. Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba: The Honourable Daryl Reid
    6. Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia: The Honourable Linda Reid
    7. Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island: The Honourable Buck Watts
    8. Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan: The Honourable Dan D'Autremont
    9. Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta: The Honourable Bob Wanner
    10. Speaker of the Newfoundland and Labrador House of Assembly: The Honourable Wade Verge
    11. Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories: The Honourable Jackie Jacobson
    12. Speaker of the Yukon Legislative Assembly: The Honourable David Laxton
    13. Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Nunavut: The Honourable George Qulaut
  28. Members of the Executive Councils of the Provinces and Territories
  29. Judges of Provincial and Territorial Courts
  30. Members of the Legislative Assemblies of the Provinces and Territories
  31. Chairperson of the Canadian Association of Former Parliamentarians

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Department of Canadian Heritage: Table of Precedence for Canada
  2. ^ The Honours, Flags and Heritage Structure of the Canadian Forces
  3. ^ Footnote 1 of the Table of Precedence for Canada issued by the Department of Canadian Heritage states that the Queen is to be afforded precedence immediately before the Governor General. No other members of the Royal Family are listed in the table or mentioned in the footnotes. The Department of National Defence's protocol, places members of the royal family immediately after the Governor General when they are in Canada. That DND protocol does not list a precedence within the royal family.
  4. ^ The Ministry in order of precedence
  5. ^ The Ministry in order of precedence
  6. ^ Members of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada

External links[edit]