Canadian ten-dollar note

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Ten dollars
Value10 Canadian dollars
Width69.85 mm
Height152.4 mm
Security featuresHolographic stripe, Watermark, EURion constellation, Tactile marks, Registration device, Raised printing, UV printing
Material usedPolymer
Years of printing2018–present
Canadian $10 note 2018 specimen - face.jpg
DesignViola Desmond, with a map showing Halifax in the background
DesignerCanadian Bank Note Company
Design date2018
Canadian $10 note 2018 specimen - back.jpg
DesignThe Canadian Museum for Human Rights, accompanied by an eagle feather.
DesignerCanadian Bank Note Company
Design date2018

The Canadian ten-dollar note is one of the most common banknotes of the Canadian dollar.

The current $10 note is purple, and the obverse features a portrait of Viola Desmond, a Black Nova Scotian businesswoman who challenged racial segregation at a film theatre in New Glasgow, Nova Scotia, in 1946. The background of the portrait is a colourful rendition of the street grid of Halifax, Nova Scotia, including the waterfront, Citadel and Gottingen Street, where Desmond's Studio of Beauty Culture was located. Foil features on the note face include both the Flag and Coat of Arms of Canada. This is the first Canadian banknote to feature neither a prime minister nor a royal in its solo portrait, and the first to feature a solo female Canadian other than Queen Elizabeth II.

The reverse features the Canadian Museum for Human Rights in Winnipeg, Manitoba. Part of the background pattern mirrors the museum's interior architecture and its ramps connecting multiple levels. A foil eagle feather is prominent, symbolizing ideals such as truth, power and freedom. A quotation from section 15 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms appears in both English and French.

The foil window at the base of the note includes an iridescent rendering of the Library of Parliament's vaulted dome ceiling, which can be seen from both sides of the note.

The vertical $10 note entered circulation on November 19, 2018.[1]

Series Main colour Obverse Reverse Series Year Issued Withdrawn
1935 Series Purple Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood Harvest allegory 1935 11 March 1935
1937 Series Purple George VI Transportation allegory 1937 19 July 1937
1954 Series Purple Elizabeth II Mount Burgess, British Columbia 1954 9 September 1954
Scenes of Canada Purple John A. Macdonald Polymer Corporation oil refinery in Sarnia, Ontario 1971 8 November 1971 27 June 1989
Birds of Canada   Purple John A. Macdonald Osprey 1989 27 June 1989 17 January 2001
Canadian Journey Series   Purple John A. Macdonald Peacekeeping forces and war memorial; poppy field and excerpt from "In Flanders Fields" by John McCrae 2001 17 January 2001 18 May 2005
2005 18 May 2005 7 November 2013
Frontier Series   Purple John A. Macdonald The Canadian passenger train 2013 7 November 2013
Commemorative Issue   Purple John A. Macdonald, George-Étienne Cartier, Agnes MacPhail, James Gladstone Variety of Canadian vistas 2017 1 June 2017
2018 Series   Purple Viola Desmond Canadian Museum for Human Rights 2018 19 November 2018


  1. ^ "New vertical $10 bank note featuring iconic Canadian Viola Desmond now in circulation". Retrieved 2018-11-19.

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