Canadian war memorials

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Ceremonial Guard stand watch over Canada's national memorial, The Response, with the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in the foreground.

The history of Canada comprises hundreds of years of armed actions in the territory encompassing modern Canada, and the role of the Canadian military in conflicts and peacekeeping worldwide. Much of this military history of Canada is commemorated today with memorials across the country and around the world. Canadian memorials commemorate the sacrifices made as early as the Seven Years' War to the modern day War on Terror. As Newfoundland was a British Dominion until joining Confederation in 1949, there are several monuments in Newfoundland and Labrador and abroad which were dedicated to Newfoundland servicemen and women.

There are currently 6,293 war memorials in Canada registered with the National Inventory of Military Memorials, which is under the Canadian Department of Veterans Affairs.[1] There are also war memorials across the world, some of which are operated by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, which are dedicated to Canada as well as the Commonwealth members. There currently are 17 in France, six in Belgium, four in the United Kingdom, two in Afghanistan and in South Korea and one each in Egypt, Hong Kong, Italy, Malta, the Netherlands, Singapore and the United Arab Emirates.

War memorials in Canada[edit]

Colonial period[edit]

Memorial name Image Location Map Notes
Battle of Cook's Mill Memorial Battle of Cook's Mills monument.jpg Cooks Mill, Ontario 42°59′52″N 79°10′30″W / 42.997895°N 79.174913°W / 42.997895; -79.174913 (Cook's Mill Memorial) Commemorates the Battle of Cook's Mill, fought during the War of 1812.
Battle of Crysler's Farm Memorial Memorial, Battle of Crysler's Farm.jpg Morrisburg, Ontario 42°41′39″N 81°42′18″W / 42.69417°N 81.70500°W / 42.69417; -81.70500 (Crysler's Farm Memorial) Dedicated to those who fought and died in the victory at Crysler's Farm.
Battle Hill Memorial Battle Hill NHS.jpg Southwest Middlesex, Ontario 42°59′52″N 79°10′30″W / 42.997895°N 79.174913°W / 42.997895; -79.174913 (Battle Hill Memorial) Commemorates the Battle of Longwoods, fought during the War of 1812.
Canadian Volunteer Monument Canadian Volunteer Monument.jpg Toronto, Ontario 43°39′45.55″N 079°23′36.01″W / 43.6626528°N 79.3933361°W / 43.6626528; -79.3933361 (Canadian Volunteer Monument) Honours University of Toronto student volunteers who fell during the Battle of Ridgeway Lime Ridge, or died of wounds received in action or from disease contracted in service while defending her frontier in June 1866.
Brock's Monument Brock's Monument in 2010, Queenston, Ontario.jpg Queenston, Ontario 43°09′36.37″N 079°03′10.99″W / 43.1601028°N 79.0530528°W / 43.1601028; -79.0530528 (Brock's Monument) Dedicated to Major General Isaac Brock, one of Canada's heroes of the War of 1812.
Defence of York Monument Defence of York Monument.jpg Toronto, Ontario 43°38′34″N 079°23′01″W / 43.64278°N 79.38361°W / 43.64278; -79.38361 (Defence of York Monument) In memory of officers, non-commissioned officers and men who were killed or died of wounds defending York (present-day Toronto).
James Wolfe Monument Wolfe memorial.jpg Quebec City, Quebec 46°47′59.81″N 071°13′29.79″W / 46.7999472°N 71.2249417°W / 46.7999472; -71.2249417 (James Wolfe Monument) Dedicated to General James Wolfe, remembered chiefly for his victory over the French, and establishing British rule in Canada.
Monument to the War of 1812 Couplandart.jpg Toronto, Ontario 43°38′12″N 079°24′00″W / 43.63667°N 79.40000°W / 43.63667; -79.40000 (Monument to the War of 1812) Monument to the Canadian participation in the War of 1812[2]
Stoney Creek Battlefield Memorial Stoney Creek Battlefield Monument.jpg Hamilton, Ontario 43°12′59.9″N 079°45′59.4″W / 43.216639°N 79.766500°W / 43.216639; -79.766500 (Stoney Creek Battlefield Memorial) Commemorates the victory at the Battle of Stoney Creek, fought during the War of 1812.
Welsford-Parker Monument Welsford-Parker Monument at the entrance to the Old Burying Ground in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.jpg Halifax, Nova Scotia 44°38′36.67″N 063°34′20.93″W / 44.6435194°N 63.5724806°W / 44.6435194; -63.5724806 (Welsford-Parker Monument) Dedicated to Major Augustus F. Welsford and Captain William B.C.A. Parker, who died during the Crimean War; Second oldest war monument in Canada; only Crimean War Monument in North America
Wolfe and Montcalm Obelisk Wolfe and Montcalm Obelisk.jpg Quebec City, Quebec 46°48′40″N 071°12′19″W / 46.81111°N 71.20528°W / 46.81111; -71.20528 (Wolfe and Montcalm Obelisk) Oldest war monument in Canada. Commemorates Louis-Joseph de Montcalm and James Wolfe, the French and British commanders of the Battle of the Plains of Abraham.

North-West Rebellion and the Boer War[edit]

Memorial name Image Location Map Notes
North-West Rebellion Monument North-West Rebellion Monument.jpg Toronto, Ontario 43°39′42.10″N 079°23′24.23″W / 43.6616944°N 79.3900639°W / 43.6616944; -79.3900639 (North-West Rebellion Monument) Dedicated to those who served with the Canadian army during the North-West Rebellion.
South African War Memorial South African War Memorial Toronto Nov 08.jpg Toronto, Ontario 43°39′04.72″N 079°23′12.49″W / 43.6513111°N 79.3868028°W / 43.6513111; -79.3868028 (South African War Memorial (Toronto)) Commemorates the Canadian participation in the Boer War
South African War Memorial Statue to South African War.jpg Ottawa, Ontario 45°25′21.84″N 075°41′31.68″W / 45.4227333°N 75.6921333°W / 45.4227333; -75.6921333 (South African War Memorial and Animals at War) Located in Confederation Park it commemorates the Canadian participation in the Boer War.
South African War Memorial Province House War Memorial.JPG Halifax, Nova Scotia 44°38′53.86″N 063°34′24.65″W / 44.6482944°N 63.5735139°W / 44.6482944; -63.5735139 (South African War Memorial (Halifax)) Created by Hamilton MacCarthy
Boer War Memorial Guerre Boers Montreal.JPG Montreal, Quebec 45°29′58.63″N 073°34′15.44″W / 45.4996194°N 73.5709556°W / 45.4996194; -73.5709556 (Boer War Memorial (Montreal)) Sculpted by George W. Hill
Central Memorial Park Central Memorial Park, Calgary - R.L. Boyle.png Calgary, Alberta 51°02′28.48″N 114°04′16.00″W / 51.0412444°N 114.0711111°W / 51.0412444; -114.0711111 (Central Memorial Park) The park has a cenotaph, a statue of a First World War soldier and a statue of R.L. Boyle, which is dedicated to all Albertans who served during the Second Boer War.[3]

First and Second World Wars[edit]

The war memorial sculptors at work in Canada in the years following the Great War include: Emanuel Hahn, George W. Hill, Frank Norbury, Walter Allward, Hamilton MacCarthy, Coeur de Lion MacCarthy, Alfred Howell, Sydney March, Elizabeth Wyn Wood, Henri Hebert, J. Massey Rhind, Hubert Garnier, Nicholas Pirotton, Charles Adamson, Frances Loring, and Ivor Lewis.

Memorial name Image Location Map Notes
Camp X Memorial CampX.jpg Whitby Ontario 43°51′20.28″N 078°53′00.06″W / 43.8556333°N 78.8833500°W / 43.8556333; -78.8833500 (Camp X Memorial) Honours the men and women of Camp X who served during the Second World War.
Halifax Memorial Halifax memorial.jpg Halifax, Nova Scotia 44°37′08.76″N 063°33′55.93″W / 44.6191000°N 63.5655361°W / 44.6191000; -63.5655361 (Halifax Memorial) Dedicated to the Canadian servicemen and women who died at sea during both World Wars and includes the Royal Canadian Navy, the Canadian Merchant Navy and the Canadian Army.
Memorial Gates UofSMemorialGates.jpg Saskatoon, Saskatchewan 52°07′45.43″N 106°38′34.05″W / 52.1292861°N 106.6427917°W / 52.1292861; -106.6427917 (Memorial Gates) Military memorial which is a part of the University of Saskatchewan.
The Saskatoon Cenotaph The Saskatoon Cenotaph.jpg Saskatoon, Saskatchewan 52°07′48.8″N 106°39′37.15″W / 52.130222°N 106.6603194°W / 52.130222; -106.6603194 (The Saskatoon Cenotaph) Designed by Francis Henry Portnall (1928), this tall granite plinth incorporating a public clock face is a part of the City Hall Square[4]
Vimy Memorial Bandshell Vimy Memorial Bandshell.jpg Saskatoon, Saskatchewan 52°07′28.24″N 106°39′33.42″W / 52.1245111°N 106.6592833°W / 52.1245111; -106.6592833 (Vimy Memorial Bandshell) The Vimy Memorial Bandshell in Kiwanis Park was built in 1937 to honour the men and women that served in the First World War at the Battle of Vimy Ridge.[5]
Memorial Clock Tower Wainwright, Alberta 52°50′00.66″N 110°51′39.76″W / 52.8335167°N 110.8610444°W / 52.8335167; -110.8610444 (Memorial Clock Tower) Dedicated to the local men who fought and died in both World Wars.
War Memorial of Montreal West Montreal West - War Memorial.jpg Montreal, Quebec 45°28′21.00″N 073°36′49.32″W / 45.4725000°N 73.6137000°W / 45.4725000; -73.6137000 (War Memorial of Montreal West) Honours those from the town of Montreal West who died in the First World War[6]
Montreal Clock Tower Montreal Clock Tower portrait.JPG Montreal, Quebec 45°30′44.44″N 073°32′44.84″W / 45.5123444°N 73.5457889°W / 45.5123444; -73.5457889 (Montreal Clock Tower) Dedicated to Canadian naval sailors who died during the First World War.
Mackenzie-Papineau Battalion Memorial MackenziePapineau monument 1.jpg Victoria, British Columbia 48°25′14.20″N 123°22′16.66″W / 48.4206111°N 123.3712944°W / 48.4206111; -123.3712944 (Mackenzie-Papineau Battalion Memorial, Victoria) Dedicated to Canadian volunteers of the Mackenzie–Papineau Battalion during the Spanish Civil War.
Mackenzie-Papineau Battalion Memorial Mac-pap monument ottawa.jpg Ottawa, Ontario 45°26′24.61″N 075°41′47.05″W / 45.4401694°N 75.6964028°W / 45.4401694; -75.6964028 (Mackenzie-Papineau Battalion Memorial) Dedicated to Canadian volunteers of the Mackenzie–Papineau Battalion during the Spanish Civil War.
National War Memorial Newfoundland National War Memorial.jpg St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador 47°34′03.28″N 052°42′13.67″W / 47.5675778°N 52.7037972°W / 47.5675778; -52.7037972 (National War Memorial) Memorial for soldiers who served with the Dominion of Newfoundland during the First World War.
Ottawa Memorial Ottawa Memorial Cropped.jpg Ottawa, Ontario 45°26′27.08″N 075°41′45.90″W / 45.4408556°N 75.6960833°W / 45.4408556; -75.6960833 (Ottawa Memorial) Dedicated to missing airmen of the Second World War. Sometimes known as the Commonwealth Air Force Monument.
Soldiers' Tower WWTower-in-university-of-toronto.jpg Toronto, Ontario 43°39′48.78″N 079°23′42.52″W / 43.6635500°N 79.3951444°W / 43.6635500; -79.3951444 (Soldiers' Tower) Commemorates members of the University of Toronto who served in the World Wars.
Victory Square War Memorial Victory Square Vancouver.jpg Vancouver, British Columbia 49°16′55.56″N 123°06′36.72″W / 49.2821000°N 123.1102000°W / 49.2821000; -123.1102000 (Victory Square) Dedicated to Vancouverites who served in the First World War.
Montreal Cenotaph Path to Place du Canada.JPG Montreal, Quebec 45°29′55.03″N 073°34′07.75″W / 45.4986194°N 73.5688194°W / 45.4986194; -73.5688194 (Cenotaph, Montreal) Dedicated to Montrealers who died in the First World War.
Sherbrooke War Memorial Le cénotaphe de Sherbrooke à contrejour (1).jpg Sherbrooke, Quebec 45°24′02″N 071°53′29″W / 45.40056°N 71.89139°W / 45.40056; -71.89139 (Sherbrooke War Memorial) Dedicated to citizens of Sherbrooke who fought in the First World War
Saint-Lambert Cenotaph by Emanuel Hahn Saint-Lambert Cenotaph 2014.jpg Saint-Lambert, Quebec Dedicated to citizens of Saint-Lambert who fought in the First World War
Ashburnham Memorial Park Ashburnham Memorial Park.jpg Peterborough, Ontario 44°18′36″N 078°18′10″W / 44.31000°N 78.30278°W / 44.31000; -78.30278 (Ashburnham Memorial Park) Memorial to the men of Peterborough who died in the First World War.
Great War Memorial Great War Memorial Niagara Falls Canada.jpg Niagara Falls, Ontario 43°05′23.81″N 079°04′22.57″W / 43.0899472°N 79.0729361°W / 43.0899472; -79.0729361 (Great War Memorial) Memorial to those who died in the First and Second World Wars.
Bronze Angel Bronze Angel - Vancouver - Coeur Lyon MacCarthy.png Montreal, Quebec;
Vancouver, British Columbia (pictured);
Winnipeg, Manitoba
"Bronze Angel", by sculptor, Coeur Lion MacCarthy, war memorial depicts the angel of victory raising up a young soldier to heaven at the moment of his death, 1921 commemorates 1,115 Canadian Pacific Railway employees killed during the First World War erected at the Canadian Pacific Railway stations.[7]
Cremation Memorial Beechwood Cemetery War Memorial.JPG Ottawa, Ontario 45°26′42″N 075°39′57″W / 45.44500°N 75.66583°W / 45.44500; -75.66583 (Cremation Memorial) A sheltered space in the National Cemetery of Canada that honours the memory of Canadian servicemen who died in Canada and the United States and who were cremated.[7]
Animals in War Memorial / Les animaux en temps de guerre Ottawa, Ontario 45°25′21.84″N 075°41′31.68″W / 45.4227333°N 75.6921333°W / 45.4227333; -75.6921333 (Animals in War Memorial) A memorial by David Clendining to animals (mainly mules, horse, dogs, pigeons) that have served for Canada in military conflicts since World War I and is located in Confederation Park
Monument des Braves Shawinigan, Quebec 46°32′22.38″N 072°45′12.85″W / 46.5395500°N 72.7535694°W / 46.5395500; -72.7535694 (Monument des Braves) Honours those who died in both world wars
Cross of Sacrifice Croix du Sacrifice - 01.jpg Quebec City, Quebec 46°48′31.9″N 071°12′43.85″W / 46.808861°N 71.2121806°W / 46.808861; -71.2121806 (Cross of Sacrifice) Honours those who died in the wars of 1914-1918, 1939-1945, 1950-1953

1945 – present[edit]

Memorial name Image Location Map Notes
Afghanistan Repatriation Memorial Afghanistan Repatriation Memorial, Trenton, Ontario 10 Nov 2012.JPG Trenton, Ontario 25°01′37″N 055°22′15″E / 25.02694°N 55.37083°E / 25.02694; 55.37083 (Camp Mirage Memorial) Commemorates all the Canadian dead in Afghanistan. Originally located in Camp Mirage, United Arab Emirates.[8]
Korean War Memorial Wall Korean War Memorial Wall black & white.jpg Brampton, Ontario 43°38′30.58″N 079°44′57.01″W / 43.6418278°N 79.7491694°W / 43.6418278; -79.7491694 (Korean War Memorial Wall) Commemorates those Canadians who served in the Korean War.
The North Wall/Canadian Vietnam Veterans Memorial WindsorCanadianDeadVietnamwar.jpg Windsor, Ontario 42°18′37.36″N 083°04′11.06″W / 42.3103778°N 83.0697389°W / 42.3103778; -83.0697389 (The North Wall) Dedicated to Canadians who volunteered with the United States Armed Forces during the Vietnam War.

Generic war memorials[edit]

Memorial name Image Location Map Notes
48th Highlanders Memorial War memorial in Queens Park.jpg Toronto, Ontario 43°39.00′057″N 79°23′34.76″W / 43.66583°N 79.3929889°W / 43.66583; -79.3929889 (48th Highlanders Memorial) Dedicated to those who served with the Canadian forces, erected by the 48th Highlanders of Canada.
Bruce Park Cenotaph Bruce Park Cenotaph.JPG Winnipeg, Manitoba 49°52′38.77″N 097°13′34.10″W / 49.8774361°N 97.2261389°W / 49.8774361; -97.2261389 (Bruce Park Cenotaph) Dedicated to the memory of those who died in the First World War, the Second World War, Korea, and to Canadian peacekeepers.
Calgary Soldiers' Memorial Calgary, Alberta 51°03′03″N 114°05′20″W / 51.05083°N 114.08889°W / 51.05083; -114.08889 (Calgary Soldiers' Memorial) Dedicated to Calgarian soldiers who have given their lives in war and military service overseas.
East and West Memorial Buildings The Canadian Phalanx.JPG Ottawa, Ontario 45°25′10″N 75°42′21″W / 45.419517°N 75.70573°W / 45.419517; -75.70573 (East and West Memorial Building) Dedicated to all Canadians who served in war. The building houses the Department of Veteran Affairs.
Flesherton Cenotaph Cenotaph Flesherton Ontario.jpg Flesherton, Ontario 44°15′46.7″N 080°33′05.5″W / 44.262972°N 80.551528°W / 44.262972; -80.551528 (Cenotaph, Flesherton, Ontario) Honouring the local men who enlisted for the First and Second World Wars and did not return.
Monument aux braves de N.D.G. Montreal, Quebec 45°28′20.89″N 073°36′49.44″W / 45.4724694°N 73.6137333°W / 45.4724694; -73.6137333 (Monument aux braves de N.D.G.) Commemorates the combatants who died during the First and Second World Wars and the Korean War.
Scarborough War Memorial Toronto, Ontario 43°42′08.98″N 079°15′14.03″W / 43.7024944°N 79.2538972°W / 43.7024944; -79.2538972 (Scarborough War Memorial) Commemorating the soldiers from Scarborough who died in World War I, World War II and Korean War.
National Aboriginal Veterans Monument Aboriginal War Veterans monument.JPG Ottawa, Ontario 45°25′18.04″N 075°41′34.66″W / 45.4216778°N 75.6929611°W / 45.4216778; -75.6929611 (National Aboriginal Veterans Monument) Commemorates the Aboriginal peoples (First Nations, Inuit and Métis) who served with the Canadian forces during armed conflicts.
'The Response' – the Canadian National War Memorial War Memorial Guards Ottawa.jpg Ottawa, Ontario 45°25′26.53″N 075°41′43.79″W / 45.4240361°N 75.6954972°W / 45.4240361; -75.6954972 ('The Response' – the Canadian National War Memorial) Commemorates the Canadian participation and its soldiers fallen in armed conflict.
Next of Kin Memorial Avenue MemorialAvenueSaskatoon.jpg Saskatoon, Saskatchewan 52°08′49.36″N 106°39′29.27″W / 52.1470444°N 106.6581306°W / 52.1470444; -106.6581306 (Next of Kin Memorial Avenue) Memorial for the First World War and ensuing wars.
Old City Hall Cenotaph Toronto Cenotaph.JPG Toronto, Ontario 43°39′07.70″N 079°22′54.21″W / 43.6521389°N 79.3817250°W / 43.6521389; -79.3817250 (Old City Hall Cenotaph) Dedicated to Torontonians who lost their lives during the First World War, Second World War and the Korean War.
Ontario Veterans Memorial Ontario Veterans Memorial.JPG Toronto, Ontario 43°39′40.63″N 079°23′28.04″W / 43.6612861°N 79.3911222°W / 43.6612861; -79.3911222 (Ontario Veterans Memorial) Dedicated to the Canadian military who served from the Fenian raids to the Campaign Against Terror.[9]
Garden of the Unforgotten Oshawa War Memorial.jpg Oshawa, Ontario 43°53′39.66″N 078°51′46.07″W / 43.8943500°N 78.8627972°W / 43.8943500; -78.8627972 (Oshawa War Memorial) Dedicated to the servicemen of Oshawa who lost their lives during the First World War, Second World War and the Korean War
Memorial Chamber Memorial Chamber Windows.jpg Ottawa, Ontario 45°25′29.64″N 075°41′59.64″W / 45.4249000°N 75.6999000°W / 45.4249000; -75.6999000 (Memorial Chamber) Located in the Peace Tower, it holds all seven volumes of the Books of Remembrance, recording every Canadian killed in service, from Canada's first overseas campaign, the Nile Expedition, to the present.
Peacekeeping Monument Reconciliation- The Peacekeeping Monument, Ottawa.jpg Ottawa, Ontario 45°25′43.58″N 075°41′47.49″W / 45.4287722°N 75.6965250°W / 45.4287722; -75.6965250 (Peacekeeping Monument) Commemorates Canadian soldiers who served, or are currently serving in United Nations peacekeeping missions.
Per ardua ad astra Per Ardua Ad Astra University Avenue.jpg Toronto, Ontario 43°39′16.56″N 079°23′17.6″W / 43.6546000°N 79.388222°W / 43.6546000; -79.388222 (Per ardua ad astra) Dedicated to Canadian airmen who fought.
Regina Cenotaph Victoria park cenotaph.jpg Regina, Saskatchewan 50°26′52.88″N 104°36′44.18″W / 50.4480222°N 104.6122722°W / 50.4480222; -104.6122722 (Cenotaph, Regina) Honour those Regina citizens who served in the First, the Second and the Korean Wars.
Royal Canadian Navy Monument Royal Canadian Navy Monument sail.jpg Ottawa, Ontario 45°25′14.99″N 075°42′37.45″W / 45.4208306°N 75.7104028°W / 45.4208306; -75.7104028 (Royal Canadian Navy Monument) Commemorates the men and women who have served or are serving with the Royal Canadian Navy.
Shaunavon War Memorial Memorial Park, SK.jpg Shaunavon, Saskatchewan 49°38′52.12″N 108°24′23.34″W / 49.6478111°N 108.4064833°W / 49.6478111; -108.4064833 (Shaunavon War Memorial) Designed by Francis Henry Portnall (1926) to honour those citizens who served in the War[10]
Tomb of the Unknown Soldier Unknown Soldier.jpg Ottawa, Ontario 45°25′26.53″N 075°41′43.79″W / 45.4240361°N 75.6954972°W / 45.4240361; -75.6954972 (Tomb of the Unknown Soldier) Dedicated to all the unidentified Canadian soldiers and is part of the National War Memorial.
Trenton Cenotaph Trenton Cenotaph.JPG Trenton, Ontario 44°06′01.44″N 077°34′31.44″W / 44.1004000°N 77.5754000°W / 44.1004000; -77.5754000 (Trenton Cenotaph) Dedicated to all Canadians fallen in conflict
Valiants Memorial Valiants memorial west.jpg Ottawa, Ontario 45°25′27.92″N 075°41′42.67″W / 45.4244222°N 75.6951861°W / 45.4244222; -75.6951861 (Valiants Memorial) Commemorating fourteen signal figures from the military history of the country, from French colonial rule, to the Second World War.
London Cenotaph LondonOntarioCenotaph.jpg London, Ontario 42°59′15.66″N 081°14′48.54″W / 42.9876833°N 81.2468167°W / 42.9876833; -81.2468167 (London Cenotaph) Commemorates the local soldiers who died during the First, the Second and the Korean Wars.
Thunder Bay Cenotaph Cenotaph 2006 10 01 04.JPG Thunder Bay, Ontario 48°26′15.9″N 089°13′34.88″W / 48.437750°N 89.2263556°W / 48.437750; -89.2263556 (Port Arthur Cenotaph) Commemorates the local soldiers who died during the First, the Second and the Korean Wars.
Welland-Crowland War Memorial Welland-Crowland War Memorial in Welland Ontario 2.jpg Welland, Ontario 42°59′51″N 079°15′31″W / 42.99750°N 79.25861°W / 42.99750; -79.25861 (Welland-Crowland War Memorial) Designed by Elizabeth Wyn Wood, commemorates not only the war dead but also those who served at home.

War memorials overseas[edit]

Memorial name Image Location Map Notes
Canada Memorial Canadian War Memorial - geograph.org.uk - 1176582.jpg Green Park, London, England 51°30′10.36″N 000°08′33.48″W / 51.5028778°N 0.1426333°W / 51.5028778; -0.1426333 (Canada Memorial) Pays tribute to the nearly one million Canadian men and women who served in the United Kingdom during the First and Second World Wars.

First World War[edit]

Memorial name Image Location Map Notes
Beaumont-Hamel Newfoundland Memorial NLS Haig - War memorial for Newfoundland soldiers.jpg Beaumont-Hamel, Somme, France 50°04′24.80″N 002°38′53.09″E / 50.0735556°N 2.6480806°E / 50.0735556; 2.6480806 (Beaumont-Hamel Newfoundland Memorial) Commemorating the Royal Newfoundland Regiment's participation in the Battle of the Somme.
Bourlon Wood Memorial Burlon3.JPG Bourlon, France 50°10′24.51″N 003°07′09.14″E / 50.1734750°N 3.1192056°E / 50.1734750; 3.1192056 (Bourlon Wood Memorial) Commemorates the participation of Canadian soldiers and memorial for Canadian soldiers who died during the First World War.
Canadian National Vimy Memorial The British Army in North-west Europe 1944-45 BU760.jpg Givenchy-en-Gohelle, France 50°22′46.55″N 002°46′26.36″E / 50.3795972°N 2.7739889°E / 50.3795972; 2.7739889 (Canadian National Vimy Memorial) Commemorating the Battle of Vimy Ridge.
Courcelette Memorial Monument courcelette.JPG Courcelette, France 50°03′15.12″N 002°45′05.19″E / 50.0542000°N 2.7514417°E / 50.0542000; 2.7514417 (Courcelette Memorial) Commemorating the Canadian participation in the Battle of the Somme.
Courtrai Newfoundland Memorial Kortrijk - Courtrai Newfoundland Memorial 1.jpg Courtrai, Belgium 50°50′19.47″N 003°17′06.69″E / 50.8387417°N 3.2851917°E / 50.8387417; 3.2851917 (Courtrai Newfoundland Memorial) Commemorating the actions of the Royal Newfoundland Regiment during the Battle of Courtrai.
Dury Memorial Dury1.JPG Dury, France 50°14′02.90″N 002°59′50.12″E / 50.2341389°N 2.9972556°E / 50.2341389; 2.9972556 (Dury Memorial) Commemorating the breaking of the Drocourt-Quéant Line.
Gueudecourt Memorial Gueudecourt (Newfoundland) Memorial.JPG Gueudecourt, France 50°03′54.31″N 002°51′13.24″E / 50.0650861°N 2.8536778°E / 50.0650861; 2.8536778 (Gueudecourt Memorial) Dedicated to the Newfoundlanders who fought during the Battle of Le Transloy.
Hill 62 (Sanctuary Wood) Memorial Hill 62 Memorial.jpg Zonnebeke, Belgium 50°50′03.79″N 002°56′50.08″E / 50.8343861°N 2.9472444°E / 50.8343861; 2.9472444 (Hill 62 Memorial) Commemorating the defence of the Ypres Salient.
Le Quesnel Memorial Le quesnel canadian memorial.JPG Le Quesnel, France 49°46′29.96″N 002°36′33.85″E / 49.7749889°N 2.6094028°E / 49.7749889; 2.6094028 (Le Quesnel Memorial) Commemorating the Canadian participation in the Battle of Amiens.
Masnières Newfoundland Memorial The Newfoundland Masnieres Memorial.JPG Masnières, France 50°07′24.4″N 003°12′42.2″E / 50.123444°N 3.211722°E / 50.123444; 3.211722 (Masnières Newfoundland Memorial) Commemorates the actions of the Royal Newfoundland Regiment during the First Battle of Cambrai, of World War I.
Menin Gate Menin Gate.jpg Ypres, Belgium 50°51′07.41″N 002°53′28.55″E / 50.8520583°N 2.8912639°E / 50.8520583; 2.8912639 (Menin Gate) Commemorating the defenders that died in the Ypres Salient and whose graves are unknown.
Monchy-le-Preux Memorial Monchy02.JPG Monchy-le-Preux, France 50°16′14.17″N 002°53′35.95″E / 50.2706028°N 2.8933194°E / 50.2706028; 2.8933194 (Monchy-le-Preux Memorial) Commemorates the Royal Newfoundland's participation during the Battle of Arras.
Passchendaele Memorial Passendale - Crest Farm 4.jpg Passendale, Belgium 50°53′51.89″N 003°00′47.63″E / 50.8977472°N 3.0132306°E / 50.8977472; 3.0132306 (Passchendaele Memorial) Commemorating the Battle of Passchendaele.
Saint Julien Memorial Saint Julien Memorial 2007.JPG Ypres, Belgium 50°53′58.65″N 002°56′26.41″E / 50.8996250°N 2.9406694°E / 50.8996250; 2.9406694 (Saint Julien Memorial) Commemorating the Canadian participation in the Second Battle of Ypres.
Portuguese Fireplace The Portuguese Fireplace - geograph.org.uk - 43995.jpg Lyndhurst, Hampshire, England 50°52′08.36″N 001°37′26.81″W / 50.8689889°N 1.6241139°W / 50.8689889; -1.6241139 (Portuguese Fireplace) Also known as the Canadian Fireplace it commemorates the Canadian Forestry Corps and lumbermen who worked with the Portuguese
Thelus Military Cemetery Thelus, France 50°21′40.72″N 002°47′17.336″E / 50.3613111°N 2.78814889°E / 50.3613111; 2.78814889 (Thelus Military Cemetery) Commemorating the Battle of Vimy Ridge, including the graves of almost 300 Commonwealth soldiers, most of whom are Canadian.

Second World War – present[edit]

Memorial name Image Location Map Notes
Bergen op Zoom Canadian War Cemetery Bergen op Zoom, Netherlands 51°30′07″N 004°19′49″E / 51.50194°N 4.33028°E / 51.50194; 4.33028 (Bergen op Zoom Canadian War Cemetery) Cemetery for 1118 Commonwealth soldiers, 971 of whom are Canadian. It is adjacent to the Bergen op Zoom War Cemetery, which contains the graves of 1284 Commonwealth soldiers.
Canadian WW2 Section Brookwood-Canada-Wyrdlight-235.jpg Brookwood, Surrey, England 51°18′01″N 000°38′27.39″W / 51.30028°N 0.6409417°W / 51.30028; -0.6409417 (The Brookwood Memorial) Brookwood has a WW1 and this WW2 Canadian Section adjacent to the Canadian Records Hall with sculpted beaver and legend 'A Mari usque ad Mare'
Gapyeong Canada Monument Gapyeong Canada Monument.jpg Gapyeong County, Gyeonggi Province, South Korea 37°52′36.71″N 127°31′48.79″E / 37.8768639°N 127.5302194°E / 37.8768639; 127.5302194 (Gapyeong Canada Monument) Dedicated to the sacrifices made by the Canadian forces during the Korean war, especially at the Battle of Kapyong.
Groesbeek Canadian War Cemetery Groesbeek Canadian War Cemetery Memorial.jpg Groesbeek, Netherlands 51°47′53.92″N 5°55′54.76″E / 51.7983111°N 5.9318778°E / 51.7983111; 5.9318778 (Groesbeek Canadian War Cemetery) Cemetery for the dead from the Second World War.
Kandahar Airfield Memorial and Memorial Inuksuk Kandahar, Afghanistan 31°30′21″N 065°50′52″E / 31.50583°N 65.84778°E / 31.50583; 65.84778 (Kandahar Airfield & Inuksuk Memorial) The Airfield Memorial is dedicated to Canadians who have fallen in the War in Afghanistan and the Inuksuk to those Canadians, as well as other coalition members who were killed in fighting in Afghanistan.
Malta Memorial Floriana War Memorial.jpg Floriana, Malta 35°53′40.57″N 014°30′28.27″E / 35.8946028°N 14.5078528°E / 35.8946028; 14.5078528 (Malta Memorial) Dedicated to Commonwealth aircrew (including Canadians) who fought, and lost their lives, in the Mediterranean during the Second World War.
Monument to Canadian Fallen (Korean War Monument) United Nations Memorial Cemetery
Busan, South Korea
35°07′41″N 129°05′49″E / 35.12806°N 129.09694°E / 35.12806; 129.09694 (United Nations Memorial Cemetery) Located where 378 Canadians are buried. An identical monument is in downtown Ottawa.[11]
National Canadian Liberation Monument Nationaal Canadees Bevrijdingsmonument Henk Visch Loolaan Apeldoorn.JPG Apeldoorn, Netherlands Celebrating the liberation of the Netherlands by Canadians, featuring the sculpture Man with Two Hats, identical to one in Ottawa.

Legacy[edit]

The 31 paintings of Canadian War Memorials by F.A. (Tex) Dawson were unveiled just outside Currie Hall in the Mackenzie Building at Royal Military College of Canada in Kingston on Wednesday 7 April 2010. Jack Pike, the chairman of the Royal Military College of Canada Museum's board of directors, said they had found a permanent and appropriate home. "We are delighted to have these paintings," he said in front of the assemblage of paintings, each representing a different memorial in a different setting and different seasons. "These are symbolic of sacrifice and remembrance and they do the whole thing so well."[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "DHH – Search for a Memorial". www.veterans.gc.ca. Retrieved 2015-10-19. 
  2. ^ Rob Roberts (3 November 2008). "Coupland's War of 1812 monument tweaks U.S. noses". The National Post. National Post Inc. Retrieved 6 May 2011. 
  3. ^ Central Memorial Park
  4. ^ The Saskatoon Cenotaph
  5. ^ Vimy Memorial, Kiwanis Park, Saskatoon Sask.
  6. ^ War Memorial of Montréal West
  7. ^ a b Jacqueline Hucker. "Canadian Encyclopedia Monuments, World Wars I and II". Thecanadianencyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2011-03-16. 
  8. ^ Camp Mirage Memorial
  9. ^ Canadian Veterans And Peacekeepers Permanently Honoured On The Grounds Of Queen's Park
  10. ^ Memorial Park and Cenotaph 390 1st Street East
  11. ^ "Monument to Canadian Fallen (Korean War Monument)". Public Art and Monuments. Canadian Heritage, Government of Canada. October 25, 2013. 
  12. ^ "31 paintings of Canadian War Memorials by F.A. (Tex) Dawson". Kingstonwhigstandard.com. Retrieved 2011-03-16. 
  • Philip Longworth, The Unending Vigil: A History of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, 1917–1967 (1967).
  • Robert Shipley, To Mark Our Place (1987).
  • Herbert Fairlie Wood and John Swettenham, Silent Witnesses (1974).

External links[edit]