American Canadian

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Canadians of American origin)
Jump to: navigation, search
For Americans of Canadian origin, see Canadian Americans.
American Canadians
Canadians of American origin
Canadiens d'origine américaine
Anderson-Ruffin-Abbott.jpg
William Holmes Howland.png
Earl W. Bascom.JPG
Portia White.jpg
Bill White III.jpg
Laurie Holden 2012.jpg
Stacie Mistysyn 08.jpg
Luke Kirby 2012 Shankbone.JPG
Lucas Bryant.jpg
Beau Mirchoff.jpg
Keanu Reeves 2014.jpg
Jim Carrey 2008.jpg
Total population
(372,575
(by ancestry, 2011 Census)[1] [~1%])
Regions with significant populations
OntarioWestern CanadaAtlantic CanadaQuebec
Languages
Canadian English · Canadian French · American English
Religion
Christianity (Protestantism · Anglicanism · Roman Catholicism· Judaism
Related ethnic groups
Americans

American Canadians are Canadian citizens of American descent, or Canadians who identify to some extent with American society. The term is most often used to refer to Canadians who either emigrated from or have ancestry in the United States.

Demography[edit]

According to the Canada 2006 Census, 316,350 Canadians reported American as being their ethnicity, at least partially.[2] There are also between 900,000 and 2 million Americans living in Canada, either as full-time and part-time residents.

There has not been a reliable estimate of the total number of Americans from the United States who have settled in Canada since the founding of the two countries as the United States in 1776 and Canada in 1867. Prior to the independence of the United States and the formation of Canada, the settled areas of both countries consisted of British colonies.

History of Americans in Canada[edit]

Americans have moved to Canada throughout history. During the American Revolution, many Americans, 15-25% of the population (300-500,000), loyal to the British crown left the United States and settled in Canada. By 183 46,000 had settled in Ontario (10,000) and the Maritimes (36,000). These early settlers are called United Empire Loyalists. Many Black Canadians are descendants of African American slaves (Black Loyalists) who fled to Canada during the American Revolution. Similar waves of American immigrants, 30,000, lured by promises of land if they swore a loyalty oath to the King, settled in Ontario before the War of 1812. The Black Refugees in the War of 1812 also fled to Canada and many American slaves also came via the Underground Railroad, most settling in either Halifax, Nova Scotia or Southern Ontario. At the outbreak of the war of 1812 80,000 of 110,000 inhabitants in Ontario were American born or descendants of Americans. In the Maritimes 110,000 of 135,000 were. this is one of the reasons that English-speaking Canada had a pronounced American cultural flavor into the 1830s.

In the early 20th century, over 750,000 American settlers moved into the farming regions of the Prairie Provinces of Alberta, Manitoba and Saskatchewan. Many of these were immigrants (of children of immigrants) from Europe or Eastern Canada who had gone to the United States looking for farm land only to find the supply of free farmsteads there exhausted. Others were old-stock white Americans, and a small percentage were racial minorities, such as African Americans. In 1916, Americans accounted for of 36% of all the foreign-born residents of Alberta, 30% in Saskatchewan, and 8% in Manitoba.[3]

In the 1930s, after World War II, and again in the 1970s, waves of Americans, many from Texas and Oklahoma, immigrated to Canada to work in the country's growing oil industry.[citation needed] During the Vietnam War era, many American draft dodgers fled to Canada to avoid the war. About 10,200 Americans moved to Canada in 2006; this was the highest number since 1977.[4]

Notable American Canadians[edit]

For a list of notable American Canadians see Category:Canadian people of American descent. For notable American immigrants see Category:American emigrants to Canada.

See also[edit]

References[edit]