Canal entre Champagne et Bourgogne
|Canal entre Champagne et Bourgogne|
|Length||224.191 km (139.306 mi)|
|Former names||Canal de la Marne à la Saône|
|End point||The Saône at Maxilly-sur-Saône|
The Canal entre Champagne et Bourgogne, previously named Canal de la Marne à la Saône, is a canal in north-eastern France connecting the towns of Vitry-le-François and Maxilly-sur-Saône. It is a summit level canal of Freycinet dimensions connecting the Marne and the Saône. It is 224.191 kilometres long, and has 114 locks (71 on the Marne side and 43 on the Saône side) and two tunnels, Condes which is 275 metres long and the tunnel on the summit level between Balesmes-sur-Marne and Noidant-Chatenoy, 4820 metres long. which runs almost exactly underneath the source of the Marne.
- Altitude at Vitry-le-François: 104 m
- Altitude at Maxilly-sur-Saône: 187 m
- Altitude of summit level: 345 m
The canal was recently renamed "Canal entre Champagne et Bourgogne" for the purpose of promoting tourism, but barge skippers often call it the "canal d'Heuilley". This is in reference to Heuilley-sur-Saône, the name of the lock and lock-cut on the Petite-Saône which the canal joins, although the actual junction lies within the neighbouring commune Maxilly-sur-Saône. It is a standard process among bargemen to name the canal after the location where it starts. For example, the Canal Vire-et-Taute in Cotentin was called "canal des Ourmes" the name of its first lock, "les Ormes".
Work began on the extension of the old canal of the Haute-Marne in 1880, and the canal opened in 1907, the last to be built of the Freycinet canal network in central France.
- PK 0 Vitry-le-François
- PK 25 Saint-Dizier
- PK 57 Autigny-le-Grand
- PK 72 Donjeux
- PK 109.4 Chaumont
- PK 152.5 beginning of summit level
- PK 155-160 Balesmes tunnel
- PK 163 end of summit level
- PK 222.5 Maxilly-sur-Saône
- PK 224 Ends at the right-angle junction with the Heuilley lock-cut on the Petite Saône
- Canal entre Champagne et Bourgogne guide with maps and details of places, ports and moorings on the canal, by the author of Inland Waterways of France, Imray
- Navigation details for 80 French rivers and canals (French waterways website section)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Canal de la Marne à la Saône.|