Canara Bank

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Canara Bank
Public Sector Undertakings
Traded asBSE532483
NSECANBK
IndustryBanking, Financial services
FoundedCanara Bank Hindu Permanent Fund (1906; 113 years ago (1906)
at Mangalore, India)
Canara Bank Ltd (1910)
Canara Bank (1969).
HeadquartersBangalore, Karnataka, India
Key people
ProductsInvestment Banking
Consumer Banking
Commercial Banking
Retail Banking
Private Banking
Asset Management
Pensions
Mortgages
Credit Cards
RevenueIncrease 54,269 crore (US$7.9 billion) (2019)[2]
Increase 10,461 crore (US$1.5 billion) (2019)[2]
Increase 547 crore (US$79 million) (2019)[2]
Total assetsIncrease 711,782 crore (US$100 billion) (2019)[2]
OwnerGovernment of India (72.55%)[3]
Number of employees
58,350 (March 2019)[2]
Capital ratio12.86% (2017)[4]
Websitewww.canarabank.com

Canara Bank is one of the largest public sector banks owned by the Government of India. It is headquartered in Bengaluru. It was established at Mangalore in 1906 by Ammembal Subba Rao Pai. It is one of the oldest public sector banks in the country. The government nationalized the bank in 1969.The Tagline of Canara Bank is "Together we Can".As of 31 March 2019, the bank had a network of 6310 branches and more than 8851 ATMs which are spread across 4467 centers. The bank also has offices abroad in London, Hong Kong, Moscow, Shanghai, Dubai, Tanzania and New York.[5] As per the announcement made by the Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman on 30/08/2019, Canara Bank will be anchor bank for Manipal based Syndicate Bank and this merger is expected to come to force from 01/04/2020, making it the fourth largest bank in the country.

History[edit]

Ammembal Subba Rao Pai, a philanthropist, established the Canara Hindu Permanent Fund in Mangalore, India, on 1 July 1906.[6] The bank changed its name to Canara Bank Limited in 1910 when it incorporated.

Canara Bank's first acquisition took place in 1961 when it acquired Bank of Kerala. This had been founded in September 1944 and at the time of its acquisition on 20 May 1961 had three branches. The second bank that Canara Bank acquired was Seasia Midland Bank (Alleppey), which had been established on 26 July 1930 and had seven branches at the time of its takeover.[7]

In 1958, the Reserve Bank of India had ordered Canara Bank to acquire G. Raghumathmul Bank, in Hyderabad. This bank had been established in 1870, and had converted to a limited company in 1925. At the time of the acquisition G. Raghumathmul Bank had five branches.[8] The merger took effect in 1961.[9] Later in 1961, Canara Bank acquired Trivandrum Permanent Bank. This had been founded on 7 February 1899 and had 14 branches at the time of the merger.[9]

Next, Canara Bank acquired four banks in 1963: the Sree Poornathrayeesa Vilasam Bank, Thrippunithura, Arnad Bank, Tiruchirapalli, Cochin Commercial Bank, Cochin, and Pandyan Bank, Madurai. Sree Poornathrayeesa Vilasam Bank had been established on 21 February 1923 and at the time of its acquisition it had 14 branches. Arnad Bank had been established on 23 December 1942 and at the time of its acquisition had only one branch. Cochin Commercial Bank had been established on 3 January 1936, and at the time of its acquisition had 13 branches.[9]

The Government of India nationalised Canara Bank, along with 13 other major commercial banks of India, on 19 July 1969. In 1976, Canara Bank inaugurated its 1000th branch. In 1985, Canara Bank acquired Lakshmi Commercial Bank in a rescue. This brought Canara Bank some 230 branches in northern India.

In 1996, Canara Bank became the first Indian Bank to get ISO certification for "Total Branch Banking" for its Seshadripuram branch in Bangalore. Canara Bank has now stopped opting for ISO certification of branches.

On 30 August 2019, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced that Canara Bank would be merged with Syndicate Bank. The proposed merger would create the fourth largest public sector bank in the country with assets of 15.20 lakh crore (US$220 billion) and 10,324 branches.[10][11] The Board of Directors of Canara Bank approved the merger on 13 September.[12][13]

Overseas subsidiaries, branches and offices[edit]

Canara Bank established its international division in 1976. In 1983, Canara Bank opened its first overseas office, a branch in London. Two years later, Canara Bank established a subsidiary in Hong Kong, Indo Hong Kong International Finance. In 2008-9, Canara Bank opened its third foreign operation, this one a branch in Shanghai. Later Canara Bank established a branch each in Leicester and Bahrain, and converted its Hong Kong subsidiary into a branch. It also has a representative office in Sharjah.

Together with State Bank of India, Canara Bank established a joint venture in Moscow, Commercial Bank of India LLC.

Canara Bank provides the general manager and the branch managers for Al Razouki Intl Exchange Co (LLC), which a number of business leaders and non-resident Indians (NRIs) established in 1981 in the United Arab Emirates to facilitate remittances to India by tourists and NRIs.

Since 1983, Canara Bank has been responsible for the management of Eastern Exchange Co. WLL, Doha, Qatar, which Abdul Rahman M.M. Al Muftah established in 1979. [14]

Canara Bank opened its seventh overseas branch in New York, United States on 10 June 2014.

Subsidiary companies[edit]

  • Canfin Homes Limited (CFHL), with a network of 110 branches and 28 satellite offices throughout India
  • Canbank Factors Limited
  • Canbank Venture Capital Fund Limited
  • Canbank Computer Services Limited
  • Canara Bank Securities Limited
  • Canara Robeco Asset Management Company Limited
  • Canbank Financial Services Limited
  • Canara HSBC Oriental Life Insurance Company Limited.

Regional rural banks[edit]

Canara Bank sponsors two regional rural banks (RRB):

  • Kerala Gramin Bank – It is the largest RRB in India. Its headquarters are at Malappuram and it operates in all districts in Kerala. It was established in 1976 as a Scheduled Commercial Bank.[15]
  • Pragathi Krishna Gramin Bank [16] has its headquarters at Bellary, Karnataka, and has 645 branches spread over eleven districts.
Canara Bank Headquarters (Head Office) in Bengaluru, Karnataka
Canara Bank Headquarters (Head Office) in Bengaluru, Karnataka

Canara Bank is a state level lead bank in Kerala.

Development projects[edit]

Canara Bank partnered with UNEP to initiate a solar loan program. This four-year $7.6 million effort launched in April 2003, to help accelerate the market for financing solar home systems in southern India.

Empower[edit]

Canara Bank offers Unified Payment Interface (UPI) app named “empower”. This app empowers Canara Bank and other Bank customers to perform pay and collect transactions using a single mobile app. On 19 November 2017, it launched Canarites (Candi) app, a digital library, a field recovery mobile app, a retail loan (vehicle) – tracking system, and a regulatory guidance tracking system

Controversies[edit]

Money Laundering[edit]

On 6 June 2018, the UK division of Canara Bank was fined £890,000 ($1.2 million) by the UK's Financial Conduct Authority and was blocked from accepting new deposits for around five months for systematic anti-money laundering (AML) failures.[17]

See also[edit]

Citations and references[edit]

Citations
  1. ^ "Centre assigns new roles for top brass of erstwhile Vijaya Bank, Dena Bank". thehindubusinessline. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Abridged Annual Report 2019" (PDF). Canara Bank. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ "shareholders". moneycontrol.
  4. ^ http://www.canarabank.com/media/4847/performance_highlights_mar_17.pdf
  5. ^ Bureau, Our (29 December 2017). "Canara Bank shelves plan to sell stake in AMC arm". The Hindu Business Line. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  6. ^ "About Us". www.canarabank.com. Retrieved 12 June 2017.
  7. ^ Kamanth (2006), p. 108.
  8. ^ Pagdi, Raghavendra Rao. 1987. Short History of Banking in Hyderabad District, 1879–1950. In M. Radhakrishna Sarma, K.D. Abhyankar, and V.G. Bilolikar, eds. History of Hyderabad District, 1879-1950AD (Yugabda 4981–5052). (Hyderabad: Bharatiya Itihasa Sankalana Samiti), Vol. 2, pp.85–87.
  9. ^ a b c Kamanth (2006), p. 112.
  10. ^ https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/business/india-business/government-unveils-mega-bank-mergers-to-revive-growth-from-5-year-low/articleshow/70911359.cms. Retrieved 30 August 2019. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  11. ^ Writer, Staff (30 August 2019). "10 public sector banks to be merged into four". Mint. Retrieved 30 August 2019.
  12. ^ "Canara Bank board gives approval for merger with Syndicate Bank". Business Today. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  13. ^ "PSU Bank merger: Canara Bank board approves merger with Syndicate Bank; key things to know". The Financial Express. 13 September 2019. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  14. ^ "Eastern Exchange". Archived from the original on 16 May 2014. Retrieved 22 October 2012.
  15. ^ Kerala Gramin Bank
  16. ^ Pragathi Krishna Gramin Bank
  17. ^ "Canara Bank fined in UK for anti-money laundering breaches". Economic Times. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
References
  • Kamath, M.V. (2006) A Banking Odyssey: The Canara Bank Story. (Konark Publishers). ISBN 9788122007176