Canard, Nova Scotia
Canard is a rural community occupying a ridge to the north of the Canard River between the Canard and Habitant Rivers in Kings County in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. The name comes from the French word for duck which was in turn derived from the Mi'kmaw name for the river which described the large numbers of black ducks once found there.
Canard Street, also known as Route 341, runs through the community following the Canard River and is bisected in the middle by Route 358 which divides the community between Upper Canard to the west and Lower Canard to the east. The corner was known by the names of Canard Corner and Hamilton Corner but is best known by locals as "Jaw Bone Corner". The name stems from a large set of whale jaw bones which were mounted at the crossroads after a whale stranded and died on the Canard River in the early 19th century.
The community takes its name from the Canard River. Successive cultures have lived by the river and have named the settlement area by different but related names.
Canard was an important Acadian village known as Rivière-aux-Canards whose population settled on both sides of the river beginning in the late 1600s and totaled 750 people by 1750. The Acadian settlement included extensive dyked farm lands along the river, several mills, its own parish. The Acadian settlement was destroyed in the 1755 Bay of Fundy Campaign of the Expulsion of the Acadians. A severe storm in November 1759 broke the Acadian dykes and flooded the unoccupied farmlands.
New England Planters took up the Acadian lands in 1760. They gradually repaired and expanded the old Acadian dykes. Today Canard consists mostly of large farms and several agricultural processing plants located between the village of Canning to the north and Starr's Point, Nova Scotia to the south. The federal government's Sheffield Research Farm is located in Upper Canard. Many acres of Canard farmland are protected by the Wellington Dyke, built by the Planters at the mouth of the Canard River in 1825.
- The history of Kings County, Nova Scotia, heart of the Acadian land..., Arthur Wentworth Hamilton Eaton, 1910]
- "A Mini History of Jaw Bone Corner, Nova News Now 2006
- A Natural History of Kings County, Blomidon Naturalists Society (1992) p. 38
- "Les Mines", Acadian Genealogy and History
- Marjory Whitelaw, The Wellington Dyke Nimbus Publishing (1997), page 23-24
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