From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Temporal range: Pleistocene to Recent
Canariomys bravoi.jpg
Tenerife giant rat, Museo de la Naturaleza y el Hombre
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Family: Muridae
Subfamily: Murinae
Genus: Canariomys
Crusafont Pairó & Petter, 1964 / Lopez-Martinez & López-Jurado, L. F. (1987)
Type species
Canariomys bravoi and Canariomys tamarani

Canariomys is an extinct genus of rodents (Old World rats and mice) that once existed on the islands of Tenerife and Gran Canaria, part of the Canary Islands, Spain. These giant rats could reach a weight of about 1 kg. The species was a herbivore; its diet was based on plant materials, probably soft vegetables as some roots, ferns, berries, but not grass.

It is generally believed that the species of Tenerife lived in a wooded area linked to the laurisilva and that it had climbing abilities, whereas the species of Gran Canaria lived in more open environments and was more linked to the excavation of burrows.

Two species are currently recognized:


  • Crusafont-Pairo, M. & F. Petter, 1964, "Un Muriné géant fossile des iles Canaries Canariomys bravoi gen. nov., sp. nov", Mammalia, 28,pp 607–612.