Canarium mutabile

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Canarium mutabile
Canarium mutabile forma zebriolatus 01.JPG
Canarium mutabile f zebriolatus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Caenogastropoda
clade Hypsogastropoda
clade Littorinimorpha
Superfamily: Stromboidea
Family: Strombidae
Genus: Canarium
Species: C. mutabile
Binomial name
Canarium mutabile
(Swainson, 1821)
  • Strombus (Canarium) mutabilis f. rufescens Prelle, 2006 (Unavailable name below the species-group)
  • Strombus epimellus Duclos, P.L. in Chenu, J.C., 1844
  • Strombus flammeus Link, H.F., 1807
  • Strombus epimellus Duclos in Chenu, 1844
  • Strombus floridus f. zebriolatus Adam & Leloup, 1938
  • Strombus flosculosus Mörch, 1852
  • Strombus mutabilis Swainson, 1821 (basionym)

Canarium mutabile, common name the variable stromb, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Strombidae, the true conchs.[1]


The shell size varies between 15 mm and 45 mm.


This species is distributed in the Red Sea, in the Indian Ocean along Aldabra, the Chagos Atoll, the Comores, Djibouti; the East Coast of South Africa; Eritrea; Kenya ; Madagascar; the Mascarene Basin, Mauritius, Mozambique; Réunion, the Seychelles, Somalia, Tanzania; the Mediterranean Sea; the Pacific Ocean along the Philippines.


Strombus maculatus

Strombus mutabilis

Strombus microurceus

Strombus labiatus

Strombus fragilis

Strombus urceus

Strombus dentatus

Strombus canarium

Strombus vittatus

Strombus epidromis

Strombus fusiformis

Strombus haemastoma

Strombus wilsoni

Part of the phylogeny and relationships of Strombus species, according to Latiolais et al. (2006)[2]

In 2006, Latiolais and colleagues proposed a cladogram (a tree of descent) that attempts to show the phylogenetic relationships of 34 species within the family Strombidae. The authors analysed 31 species in the genus Strombus including Canarium mutabile (referred to as Strombus mutabilis in their analysis), and three species in the allied genus Lambis. The cladogram was based on DNA sequences of both nuclear histone H3 and mitochondrial cytochrome-c oxidase I (COI) protein-coding gene regions. In this proposed phylogeny, Strombus mutabilis (=Canarium mutabile) and Strombus maculatus are closely related and appear to share a common ancestor.[2]


  1. ^ a b Canarium mutabile (Swainson, 1821). Bouchet, P. (2010). Canarium mutabile (Swainson, 1821). Accessed through the World Register of Marine Species at on 26 March 2011.
  2. ^ a b Latiolais, J. M.; Taylor, M. S; Roy, K.; Hellberg, M. E. (2006). "A molecular phylogenetic analysis of strombid gastropod morphological diversity" (PDF). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. Elsevier. 41 (2): 436–444. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2006.05.027. PMID 16839783. 

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