Canarium odontophyllum

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Canarium odontophyllum
Buah dabai-Canarium odontophyllum-Malaysia.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Burseraceae
Genus: Canarium
C. odontophyllum
Binomial name
Canarium odontophyllum

Canarium odontophyllum is a fruit-bearing tree of the genus Canarium in the family Burseraceae.[2] It is a native of Borneo, where it is locally known as dabai in Sarawak and kembayau in Sabah and Brunei. It grows up to a height of 40 to 50 meters. Its fruit is a prized seasonal delicacy in Sarawak. The outer skin is glossy black colour while the flesh is yellow with an elongated seed. The fruit is hard and inedible when ripe and must be soaked in warm water before eating. It tastes of avocado and is seasoned with salt or soy sauce.

Being in the same genus as the Pili nut (Canarium ovatum) the seeds are also edible, and similar to almonds or pistachios. [3]


  1. ^ "Burseraceae - Canarium odontophyllum (Miq.)". International Plant Names Index. Retrieved 30 March 2014.
  2. ^ L.Y. Chew; I. Amin; A. Azrina; C.Y. Lau. "Canarium odontophyllum Miq.: An Underutilized Fruit for Human Nutrition and Sustainable Diets" (PDF). Universiti Putra Malaysia. Retrieved 30 March 2014.
  3. ^ Lim T. K., Edible Medicinal and Non-Medicinal Plants: Volume 1, Fruits, Springer Science & Business, p. 629; Hoe, V.B. and Siong, K.H., "The Nutritional Value of Indigenous Fruits and Vegetables in Sarawak,"Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 8, no. 1, 1998, pp 24-31