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|Neighborhood of Brooklyn|
Rockaway Parkway in Canarsie
|City||New York City|
|• Total||7.51 km2 (2.898 sq mi)|
|• Density||11,000/km2 (29,000/sq mi)|
|• Median income||$58,463|
|ZIP codes||11234, 11236|
Canarsie is bordered on the east by Fresh Creek Basin, East 108th Street, and the BMT Canarsie Line (L train); on the north by Linden Boulevard; on the west by Remsen Avenue to Ralph Avenue and the Paerdegat Basin; and on the south by Jamaica Bay. It is adjacent to the East Flatbush, Flatlands, Mill Basin, Bergen Beach, and East New York neighborhoods.
The area is part of Brooklyn Community Board 18. It is patrolled by the NYPD's 69th Precinct. Canarsie is also served by Engine 257, Ladder 170 of the FDNY, and Station 58 of the FDNY Bureau of EMS.
"Canarsie" is an adaptation to English phonology of a word in the Lenape language for "fenced land" or "fort". Europeans would often refer to the indigenous people living in an area by the local place-name, and so references may be found in contemporary documents to "Canarsee Indians".
The current neighborhood of Canarsie lies within the former town of Flatlands, one of the five original Dutch towns on Long Island. Canarsie was built on swamps near Jamaica Bay. It was a fishing village through the 1800s, until pollution contaminated the oysters In the 1920s, Southern Italian immigrants along with Jews settled in the area, although the Jewish population in Canarsie in recent years has been steadily shrinking. Ferry service at Canarsie Pier withered away after the building of the Marine Parkway–Gil Hodges Memorial Bridge.
Murphy's Carousel was created in 1912 by the Stein and Goldstein Artistic Carousell Co. of Brooklyn and installed in Golden City Park in Canarsie, on the Brooklyn waterfront, where it operated for 20 years. The New York Times notes: "The horses were carved in Coney Island style, which eschewed the look of docile ponies and prancing fillies and produced much more muscular, ferocious creatures with bared teeth and heads often lifted in motion." In the spring of 1940, when the Belt Parkway was planned in the area, the carousel was moved to Baldwin, on the border abutting Freeport, on Long Island.
"By way of Canarsie"
"By way of Canarsie" was a mid-twentieth century American English figure of speech meaning "to come to one's destination by a roundabout way or from a distant point." It presumably arose when the Wilson Avenue Line was a principal route to Canarsie Landing. The expression has dropped from modern common parlance.
Divine Bradley, a teen who resided in the Canarsie area of Brooklyn, established Team Revolution for teens. He noticed there was a lack of safe places for the young people in his neighborhood to meet, so he opened a community center in the basement of the family home, before he and the members raised enough money to establish a center with a recording studio and theatre. The center focuses on community service initiatives and activities provided alternatives to risky behaviors, like promiscuous sex, prostitution, violence, gang activity, and drugs. The center offers opportunities for students to practice yoga and meditation, create music at "Hip Hopology" workshops, take trips to the spa, choreograph dances, visit museums, and attend concerts. It had programs such as The Bank, to teach teens about how to improve communities through economic and financial literacy. The Fellowship Academy, partnered with corporations so that its members could learn about business. One of its partners is Polo Ralph Lauren. The L.E.A.D. program, which stands for Leadership Etiquette and Development, teaches young people how to be successful leaders. The student-led organization served 500 youth by 2013.
Based on data from the 2010 United States Census, the population of Canarsie was 83,693, a decrease of 1,365 (1.6%) from the 85,058 counted in 2000. Covering an area of 1,959.94 acres (793.16 ha), the neighborhood had a population density of 42.7 inhabitants per acre (27,300/sq mi; 10,600/km2).
The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 81.0% (67,816) African American, 5.9% (4,928) non-Hispanic White, 0.2% (192) Native American, 2.6% (2,198) Asian, 0.0% (8) Pacific Islander, 0.4% (332) from other races, and 1.5% (1,278) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.3% (6,941) of the population.
During the 1990s, much of Canarsie's white population left for Staten Island, Long Island, Queens, and New Jersey, part of a national phenomenon referred to as "white flight" from the inner city to the suburbs. Today, Canarsie's population is mostly black due to significant West Indian immigration in the area. East Brooklyn Community High School now serves the transfer student population.
Places of interest
At the western end are mostly commercial warehouses and buildings. Canarsie has many one- and two-family homes, although there are two large public housing developments; NYCHA's "Breukelen" houses, and "Bayview" houses, and a number of small apartment buildings scattered throughout the neighborhood.
The neighborhood has many parks, including a large one (over 100 acres (40 ha)) commonly referred to as Seaview Park, but officially named Canarsie Beach Park, which expanded to the southwest in 2007.
Canarsie is home to three high-school campuses, Canarsie Educational Campus, South Shore Educational Campus, and the newer East Brooklyn Community High School, as well as several junior high schools and elementary schools. In late fall 2006, Mayor Bloomberg announced that five troubled high schools would close by 2010: Two were Canarsie's South Shore and Canarsie High School. According to a New York City Department of Education spokesperson, the closings were attributed to "dismal graduation rates, consistent low test scores, a poor history of educating, low performing students, and lackluster demand."
Canarsie High School was phased out at the end of the 2010-2011 school year. There are now eight small schools operating in the Canarsie Educational Campus: High School for Medical Professions (HSMP), Innovation in Advertising and Media (IAM), and Urban Action Academy (UAA). These schools had their first graduating classes at the end of the 2011-12 school year.
The Canarsie Courier, published every Thursday, is the oldest weekly publication in Brooklyn and is still in publication. It was founded by Walter S. Patrick on April 22, 1921. The Courier was then purchased by brothers Bob and Joe Samitz in 1959. After the passing of Joe Samitz, Mary Samitz became co-publisher of the paper with her husband Bob and then became the sole publisher after he died. After his death in 1998, the Samitz family sold the paper to Donna Marra and Sandra Greco. Marra became the sole publisher in 2010. The newspaper's estimated circulation is fewer than 5,000, including paid, mailed subscriptions and subscribers to their website, as well as newsstand and over-the-counter sales. In addition to Canarsie, the Courier is distributed in various communities in southeast Brooklyn, such as Georgetown, East New York, Mill Basin, Bergen Beach, and Spring Creek, among others.
While the Courier focuses on local community news, it also offers readers a variety of features for the discriminating reader, plus local sports, culture news, guest columns, and opinion columns by in-house editors.
Notable current and former residents of Canarsie include:
- Danielle Brisebois (born 1969), former child actress and musician from New Radicals
- John Brockington (born 1948), running back who played in the NFL for the Green Bay Packers and Kansas City Chiefs
- Peter Criss (born 1945), rock musician with Kiss
- Warren Cuccurullo (born 1956), rock musician
- Patrick Clark (1955-1998), chef
- Michael De Luca (born 1965), film producer
- The Fat Boys, rap group
- William Forsythe (born 1955), actor
- World B. Free (born 1953), former professional basketball player
- Randy Graff (born 1955), Tony Award-winning actress
- Alisha Itkin (born 1968), 1980s dance music singer
- Steven Keats (1945-1994), actor
- Mark Morales, rap artist, member of the Fat Boys
- Dan Morogiello (born 1955), professional baseball player
- Necro (born 1976), rapper and producer
- Diane Noomin (born 1947), underground cartoonist
- Al Roker (born 1954), broadcaster.
- Wayne Rosenthal (born 1965), former professional baseball player and coach
- John Salley (born 1964), four-time NBA champion.
- Lance Schulters (born 1975), professional football player
- Howard Schultz (born 1953), chairman of Starbucks Coffee Company
- Evan Seinfeld (born 1967), lead singer of Biohazard and actor
- Richard Sheirer (1946-2012), former director of the New York City Office of Emergency Management
- Joel Sherman, sportswriter
- Curtis Sliwa (born 1954), founder of the Guardian Angels.
- Stuart Sternberg (born 1959), owner of Major League Baseball's Tampa Bay Rays.
- Lou Vairo (born 1945), coach of 1984 U.S. Olympic Hockey Team
- Leon Williams (born 1983), professional football player
- "Canarsie neighborhood in New York". Retrieved June 4, 2014.
- Table PL-P5 NTA: Total Population and Persons Per Acre - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, February 2012. Accessed June 16, 2016.
- Brooklyn Community Boards, New York City. Retrieved December 31, 2007.
- 69th Precinct, NYPD
- Jamaica Bay Ecowatchers at jamaicabayecowatchers.org
- gothamist.com, 10,000 Oysters Are Being Installed In Jamaica Bay, With Beds Made From Recycled Toilets, by Jen Chung in Food, Sep 6, 2016
- Annual Report of the State Department of Health of New York, Volume 2, page 471
- NY Times, Jamaica Bay: Wilderness on the Edge, By ALAN FEUER, JULY 29, 2011
- "Jewish Community Shrinking, But Surviving | www.canarsiecourier.com". Canarsie Courier. 2004-12-23. Retrieved 2010-04-09.
- canarsiecourier.com, Brooklyn Beep Has More Talks About Canarsie Pier Ferry Service, By Dara Mormile, Aug. 2015
- Brooklyn BP proposes ferry plan to serve residents in transit deserts, January 17, 2016 by Justin Jean-Louis
- Toy, Vivian S. (May 1, 2005). "A Carousel Becomes the Brass Ring". The New York Times.
- "Nunley's Carousel". Cradle of Aviation Museum. Retrieved August 26, 2014.
- Tagliaferro, Linda (Long Island, NY Expert). "Nunley's Carousel at Museum Row, Garden City, NY". About.com. Retrieved August 26, 2014.
- "Divine Bradley: Team Revolution". The My Hero Project. Retrieved December 5, 2016.
- Burstein, David D. (February 12, 2013). Fast Future: How the Millennial Generation Is Shaping Our World. Beacon Press. ISBN 978-0-8070-4470-4.
- Table PL-P3A NTA: Total Population by Mutually Exclusive Race and Hispanic Origin - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, March 29, 2011. Accessed June 14, 2016.
- "They Drew A Line". New York Times. March 31, 1985. Retrieved 2013-03-28.
Canarsie expanded during the 1950's and became a quasi-suburban homeowner community. Since then, however, more and more of the newcomers have been escaping older Brooklyn areas as they turned into black slums
- Canarsie Pier Visitor information
- "SOUTH SHORE H.S. TO CLOSE BY 2010 - www.canarsiecourier.com - Canarsie Courier". Retrieved 16 August 2016.
- "The History of the Canarsie Courier". Retrieved August 16, 2016.
- "www.canarsiecourier.com - Canarsie Courier". Retrieved August 16, 2016.
- Staff. "People in Sports; McMillen Is First Casualty of Knicks' Training Camp", The New York Times, September 23, 1977. Accessed April 30, 2017. "Apparently no team in the National Football League considered John Brockington to be worth $100. The 29year‐old native of Canarsie, Brooklyn, who played football at Thomas Jefferson High School and Ohio State, is out of a job after being put on waivers by the Green Bay Packers."
- Wiederhorn, Jon. "41 Years Ago: KISS Unleash ‘Destroyer’ Album", Loudwire. Accessed April 30, 3017. "'That was his song, so it was tolerated,' Ezrin said. 'But Peter sang the hell out of it and we found Peter’s true heart. Even though he was this street kid from Canarsie, Brooklyn, he was a soft and gentle guy inside. So he was completely believable and the girls fell in love with him.'"
- Asimov|Eric. "Patrick Clark, 42, Is Dead; Innovator in American Cuisine", The New York Times, February 13, 1998. Accessed April 30, 2017. "Patrick Clark grew up in Canarsie, Brooklyn, and was inspired to cook by his father, Melvin, who was also a chef."
- Galloway, Stephen. "The Confessions of Mike De Luca", The Hollywood Reporter, February 24, 2011. Accessed April 30, 2017. "'I was a bookish kid, not really athletic,' De Luca recalls of his youth in Canarsie, a working-class section of Brooklyn."
- Wong, Curtis M. "Randy Graff’s ‘Made In Brooklyn’ Draws Inspiration From Tony Winner’s Early Years In Canarsie", Huffington Post, March 4, 2014. Accessed April 30, 2017.
- Staff. "Steven Keats, 48, Film and TV Actor", The New York Times, May 18, 1994. Accessed April 30, 2017. "Mr. Keats, the son of Jewish emigrants from Denmark, was born in the Bronx and grew up in Canarsie, Brooklyn."
- Black Canarsie: A History, Brooklyn Public Library. Accessed June 23, 2016. "Famed weatherman and television personality Al Roker (b. 1954), the son of Bahamian immigrants, lived part of his childhood in the Bayview Housing complex during this period. Roker would later regale that Canarsie 'epitomized the melting flavor of Brooklyn with the variety of nationalities who lived there all bonded by their lower middle-class status.'"
- Trontz, Ian. "A Lesson in Fleeting Fame From the Old Neighborhood", The New York Times, July 2, 2011. Accessed April 30, 2017. "Even among Charles’s contemporaries, and within a few miles, were better-known figures like John Salley from Canarsie, Mike Tyson from Brownsville and Pearl Washington from Bedford-Stuyvesant."
- Witchel, Alex. "COFFEE TALK WITH: Howard Schultz; By Way of Canarsie, One Large Hot Cup of Business Strategy", The New York Times, December 14, 1994. Accessed October 1, 2007. "'It's ironic that no matter where I go, I meet people from Brooklyn,' says Howard Schultz, 40, who grew up in Canarsie."
- "A Biohazard seethes in Brooklyn.", NYPress.com, April 15, 2003, updated February 16, 2015. Accessed April 30, 2017. "At 18, says Seinfeld, it struck him that he'd attended something like a hundred funerals but not a single wedding. He'd grown accustomed to seeing his friends in Canarsie die by murder, suicide, overdose, car accident."
- Weber, Bruce (2012-01-19). "Richard J. Sheirer, Official in Charge of Sept. 11 Rescues, Dies at 65". New York Times. Retrieved 2012-02-04.
- McDonald, Joe. "Writer's Spotlight: Joel Sherman", NY Sports Day, January 21, 2005. Accessed April 30, 2017. "After going the first month of the season with veteran writers on the Yankee beat, the Canarsie native took over in early May."
- Barbanel, Josh. "Preparing for Bonus Season", The New York Times, December 10, 2006. Accessed October 10, 2007. "Mr. Sliwa grew up in Canarsie, Brooklyn, and talks about also having lived in Brownsville and near Fordham Road in the South Bronx (though he lived most recently in a rental apartment in Kips Bay)."
- Schwarz, Alan. "Fan Exits Wall Street, and the Rays Profit", The New York Times, October 11, 2008. Accessed June 23, 2016. "Sternberg, the Tampa Bay Rays’ principal owner, finally sat down and leaned his forearms on his team’s dugout roof and finished watching his Rays lose, 2-0, to the Boston Red Sox on Friday night in the first game of the American League Championship Series. He cheered and high-fived and carped like the baseball nut he has been since growing up in the Canarsie section of Brooklyn, rooting for the Los Angeles Dodgers and abhorring the Yankees."
- Friedman, Jack. "1980's 'Miracle on Ice' Gives Hockey Coach Lou Vairo An Extremely Tough Act to Follow", People (magazine), December 12, 1983. Accessed April 30, 2017. "For good reason. If hockey is a small, insular world, then Vairo grew up on what amounts to another planet. That is, he grew up not in Fond du Lac, Wis. or Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan, but in the Canarsie section of Brooklyn."
- Who Wants to Buy A Cemetery?, New York Times
- Two Dutch Houses: Meet the Schencks - Brooklyn Museum online exhibition of 2 family houses from Canarsie and Flatlands
- Media related to Canarsie, Brooklyn at Wikimedia Commons