Canary Wharf tube station

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Canary Wharf London Underground
Canary Wharf Tube Station - July 2009.jpg
Station entrance
Canary Wharf is located in Greater London
Canary Wharf
Canary Wharf
Location of Canary Wharf in Greater London
LocationCanary Wharf
Local authorityLondon Borough of Tower Hamlets
Managed byLondon Underground
OwnerTransport for London
Number of platforms2
AccessibleYes[1]
Fare zone2
OSICanary Wharf Docklands Light Railway
Heron Quays Docklands Light Railway[2]
London Underground annual entry and exit
2013Increase 50.05 million[3]
2014Increase 51.81 million[3]
2015Increase 54.44 million[3]
2016Increase 54.79 million[3]
2017Decrease 50.91 million[3]
Railway companies
Original companyLondon Regional Transport
Key dates
1999Opened
Other information
Lists of stations
External links
WGS8451°30′13″N 0°01′07″W / 51.50361°N 0.01861°W / 51.50361; -0.01861Coordinates: 51°30′13″N 0°01′07″W / 51.50361°N 0.01861°W / 51.50361; -0.01861
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg London transport portal

Canary Wharf is a London Underground station in the Canary Wharf commercial estate; it is on the Jubilee line, between Canada Water and North Greenwich. The station, located in Travelcard Zone 2[4] and was opened by then-Mayor of London Ken Livingstone setting an escalator in motion on 17 September 1999[5] as part of the Jubilee Line Extension. Over 40 million people pass through the station each year, making it second busiest on the London Underground outside Central London after Stratford, and also the busiest that serves only a single line.[note 1]

History[edit]

Before the arrival of the Jubilee line, London's Docklands had suffered from relatively poor public transport. Although the Docklands Light Railway station at Canary Wharf had been operating since 1987, by 1990 it was obvious that the DLR's capacity would soon be reached. The Jubilee line's routing through Canary Wharf was intended to relieve some of this pressure.[6]

The tube station was intended from the start to be the showpiece of the Jubilee Line Extension, and the contract for its design was awarded in 1990 to the architect Sir Norman Foster. It was constructed, by a Tarmac Construction / Bachy UK Joint Venture,[7] in a drained arm of the former dock, using a simple "cut and cover" method to excavate an enormous pit 24 metres (78 ft) deep and 265 metres (869 ft) long. The size of the interior has led to it being compared to a cathedral, and it has even been used to celebrate a wedding. Foster based the design upon previous work done for Bilbao Metro, colloquially named "Fosteritos". [8] However, the main reason for the station's enormous dimensions was the great number of passengers predicted; as many as 50,000 daily. It remains the only tube station to accommodate rush hour demand. [8] These predictions have been outgrown, with as many as 69,759 on weekdays recorded in 2006 [9] and within a decade it had become the only station, outside of Zone 1 to be ranked within the top-ten most used station. [10]

Canary Wharf station and the Jubilee line Extension itself were partly funded by the owners of the Canary Wharf complex, with the intention of making it more accessible to commuters. The Canary Wharf group had committed to £500 million of funding for the capital costs, over a period of 24 years. They were, however, underwhelmed by the proposed service frequency.[10] Only five years after the construction of the extension, capacity issues started becoming apparent and upgrades were required. The first step was the lengthening of the trains from 6 to 7 cars. This was done at the end of 2005. The second step was to replace the conventional Jubilee line signalling with the Thales S40 moving-block system. This was eventually introduced into service during 2011 after many delays and teething problems and allows a more intensive timetable to operate with 30 trains per hour running in the peaks.[11]

In a 2013 poll conducted by YouGov, it was voted as the "Most Loved" tube station in London [12] and "despite its immense volume [it is] comfortable and inviting". [8] Five years after opening, a study concluded that the new station had increased land values by £2 billion. [10]

The station today[edit]

Above ground there is little sign of the vast interior: two curved glass canopies at the east and west ends of the station cover the entrances and allow daylight into the ticket hall below. The Jubilee Park, a public park is situated between the two canopies, above the station concourse. It had originally been intended that the infilled section of the dock would be reinstated above the station, but this proved impractical because of technical difficulties and the park was created instead.[13]

As with the other below-ground stations on the Jubilee Line extension, both station platforms are equipped with platform screen doors. There are 20 escalators and 3 lifts serving the 2 platforms. [10]

Canary Wharf station has become one of the busiest stations on the network, serving the ever-expanding Canary Wharf business district. Although it shares its name with the Docklands Light Railway station at Canary Wharf, the two are not directly integrated (in fact, Heron Quays DLR station is nearer at street level). Initially a direct interchange between the DLR had been hoped for, but development in the intervening years had prevented this goal. [10] All three stations are connected underground via shopping malls. Out-of-station interchange within twenty minutes between any two of the stations entails no additional charge.[14]

Canary Wharf can be used to reverse trains from both the east and the west. A scissors crossover west of the station allows trains from Stanmore to enter either the east- or west-bound platform at the station, and trains from Stratford enter the normal westbound platform and can use this scissors crossover to reverse back towards Stratford.[15]

Services and connections[edit]

The station is located on the Jubilee line between Canada Water and North Greenwich in Travelcard Zone 2. The typical off-peak service, in trains per hour (tph) is:

Night Tube services, running on Friday and Saturday nights, were introduced in October 2016. Trains run every 10 minutes on the entire line.[17]

  • 6 tph Stanmore – Stratford[18]

London Bus routes 135, 277, D3, D7, D8 and night routes N277, N550 and N551.[19] and Coach routes 761, 762 763, 764, 769, 770, 781, 784 serve the station.[19]

Future proposals[edit]

Canary Wharf Group (CWG) has called for the Bakerloo line extension to Lewisham to be diverted to Surrey Quays and Canary Wharf from Old Kent Road, before running to Charlton, CWG suggest the current Jubilee Line not being able to cope with demand from the yet to be approved new Canada Water scheme.[20]

In popular culture[edit]

On 9 January 2013, the station appeared on a £1.28 British postage stamp as part of a set commemorating the 150th anniversary of the first London underground train journey. The stamp's captions read "Jubilee Line at Canary Wharf" and "1999". The Canary Wharf stamp represented the most modern phase of the Underground in the set of six stamps.[21]

The station was used as a location for some scenes of Danny Boyle's 2002 film 28 Days Later. In April 2016, Star Wars fans using Twitter commented that the station had apparently been used in a scene of the trailer for the film Rogue One.[22][23]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The DLR station is a completely separate station itself.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Step free Tube Guide" (PDF). Transport for London. December 2018. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 December 2018.
  2. ^ "Out-of-Station Interchanges" (Microsoft Excel). Transport for London. 2 January 2016. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLSX). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. January 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  4. ^ Transport for London (November 2018). Standard Tube Map (PDF) (Map). Not to scale. Transport for London. Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 November 2018.
  5. ^ Horne, M: The Jubilee Line, page 80. Capital Transport Publishing, 2000.
  6. ^ "The DLR at 30: The trains that brought the Docklands back to life". I News. 31 August 2017. Retrieved 4 October 2018.
  7. ^ Schmidlin website Archived 6 February 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ a b c Green, Oliver (2012). The Tube:Station to Station on the London Underground. Botley, Oxford: Shire Publications Ltd. pp. 57, 114. ISBN 978-0-74781-227-2.
  9. ^ TfL statistics
  10. ^ a b c d e Glover, John (2010). London's Underground (11th ed.). Hersham: Ian Allan Publishing Ltd. pp. 127–131. ISBN 978-0-7110-3429-7.
  11. ^ Now for the Northern – Another Underground upgrade gets into its stride Archived 30 August 2015 at the Wayback Machine.
  12. ^ Londoners say Bank Tube station is capital's worst BBC, 23 April 2013
  13. ^ "Jubilee Park, Canary Wharf". Garden Visit. Retrieved 4 October 2018.
  14. ^ "Out of Station Interchange (OSI)". Oyster and National Rail (independent guide). 24 March 2010. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
  15. ^ Mitchell, Bob (2003). Jubilee Line Extension: From Concept to Completion. ICE Publishing. p. 145. ISBN 978-0727730282.
  16. ^ a b c Feather, Clive (6 June 2016). "Jubilee Line". Clive's Underground Line Guides. Archived from the original on 19 August 2016. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
  17. ^ "The Night Tube". Transport for London. Archived from the original on 19 August 2016. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
  18. ^ Jubilee line joins London's busier than expected night tube | UK news | The Guardian
  19. ^ a b "Buses from Canary Wharf" (PDF). Transport for London. August 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 August 2016. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
  20. ^ Darryl Chamberlain (2018-08-30). "Extend Bakerloo Line to Charlton, Canary Wharf's owners demand – The Charlton Champion". Charltonchampion.co.uk. Retrieved 2018-12-03.
  21. ^ "Royal Mail celebrates 150 years of the London Underground" (Press release). Royal Mail. 8 January 2013. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
  22. ^ Stolworthy, Jacob (7 April 2016). "Rogue One trailer: fans spot Canary Wharf tube station in Star Wars prequel teaser". Independent. Retrieved 8 April 2016.
  23. ^ Gani, Aisha (7 April 2016). "Star Wars: Rogue One clip apparently filmed at London tube station". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 April 2016.

External links[edit]

Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
towards Stanmore
Jubilee line
towards Stratford
  Out of system interchange  
Preceding station   DLR no-text roundel.svg DLR   Following station
Docklands Light Railway
Transfer at: Canary Wharf
towards Lewisham
(eastbound West India Quay Bypass)
towards Bank
Terminus
Docklands Light Railway
Transfer at: Heron Quays
towards Lewisham
  Future interchange  
Preceding station   Elizabeth line roundel.svg National Rail logo.svg Crossrail   Following station
Crossrail
Elizabeth line
towards Abbey Wood