Hence the occupation of Cancellarius, which originally signified a porter who stood at the latticed or grated door of the emperor's palace. Carinus gave great dissatisfaction by promoting one of these cancellarii to city prefect.[when?] Other cancellarii were legal scribes or secretaries who sat within the lattice-work which protected the tribunals of the judges from the crowd. The chief scribe in Constantinople eventually acquired the term and from his position came the modern "chancellor".
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