Candaba, Pampanga

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Candaba
Municipality
Municipality of Candaba
Downtown area
Downtown area
Official seal of Candaba
Seal
Etymology: Vizal Sto. Cristo Candaba
Map of Pampanga with Candaba highlighted
Map of Pampanga with Candaba highlighted
Candaba is located in Philippines
Candaba
Candaba
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 15°05′36″N 120°49′42″E / 15.09333°N 120.82833°E / 15.09333; 120.82833Coordinates: 15°05′36″N 120°49′42″E / 15.09333°N 120.82833°E / 15.09333; 120.82833
Country  Philippines
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Province Pampanga
District 4th District
Barangays 33 (see Barangays)
Government[1]
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Danilo Baylon
 • Electorate 62,718 voters (2016)
Area[2]
 • Total 176.40 km2 (68.11 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 111,586
 • Density 630/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2013
PSGC 035405000
IDD:area code +63 (0)45
Climate type tropical monsoon climate
Income class 1st municipal income class
Website www.candaba.gov.ph

Candaba, officially the Municipality of Candaba, (Kapampangan: Balen ning Candaba; formerly Candawe), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Pampanga, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 111,586 people.[3]

Geography[edit]

Candaba represents the lowest point in Central Luzon Region of Luzon Island. The neighboring municipality of San Miguel (San Miguel de Mayumo) in Bulacan province used to be part of Candaba until San Miguel became a municipality itself.

Candaba's municipal boundaries are: Municipality of Arayat, Pampanga, and Municipality of Cabiao, Nueva Ecija, to the north; Municipality of San Miguel, Bulacan, and Municipality of San Ildefonso, Bulacan, to the east; Municipality of Baliuag, Bulacan, to the south; Municipality of San Luis, Pampanga, and Municipality of Santa Ana, Pampanga, to the west.

Barangays[edit]

Candaba is politically subdivided into 33 barangays.

  • Bahay Pare
  • Bambang
  • Barangca
  • Barit
  • Buas (Poblacion)
  • Cuayang Bugtong
  • Dalayap
  • Dulong Ilog
  • Gulap
  • Lanang
  • Lourdes
  • Magumbali
  • Mandasig
  • Mandili
  • Mangga
  • Mapaniqui
  • Paligui
  • Pangclara
  • Pansinao
  • Paralaya (Poblacion)
  • Pasig
  • Pescadores (Poblacion)
  • Pulong Gubat
  • Pulong Palazan
  • Salapungan
  • San Agustin (Poblacion)
  • Santo Rosario
  • Tagulod
  • Talang
  • Tenejero
  • Vizal San Pablo
  • Vizal Santo Cristo
  • Vizal Santo Niño

Climate[edit]

Like rest of the area in Central Luzon, there are two seasons in the area, the wet season and dry season. The wet season occurs during the months of May to October, and the dry season the rest of the year.

Climate data for Candaba, Pampanga, Philippines
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29
(84)
31
(88)
32
(90)
34
(93)
34
(93)
31
(88)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
30
(86)
Average low °C (°F) 20
(68)
19
(66)
21
(70)
22
(72)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
21
(70)
20
(68)
21
(70)
Average precipitation cm (inches) 1.7
(0.7)
0.7
(0.3)
0.5
(0.2)
2.4
(0.9)
15.3
(6)
35.5
(14)
50.4
(19.8)
51.6
(20.3)
37.4
(14.7)
22.5
(8.8)
16.3
(6.4)
6.8
(2.7)
240.8
(94.8)
Source: http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather.php3?s=984300&refer=&units=metric

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Candaba
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1903 14,434 —    
1918 19,956 +2.18%
1939 16,036 −1.04%
1948 28,811 +6.73%
1960 41,512 +3.09%
1970 48,458 +1.56%
1975 52,945 +1.79%
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1980 68,145 +5.18%
1990 68,145 +0.00%
1995 77,546 +2.45%
2000 86,066 +2.26%
2007 96,589 +1.60%
2010 102,399 +2.15%
2015 111,586 +1.65%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][4][5][6]

In the 2015 census, the population of Candaba, Pampanga, was 111,586 people,[3] with a density of 630 inhabitants per square kilometre or 1,600 inhabitants per square mile.

Religion[edit]

St. Andrew Parish Church

Roman Catholic 60%, Members Church of God International 3.5%, Iglesia ni Cristo 3%, Evangelicals 32%, others (includes Islam, Buddhism and other religions) 1.5%. The Saint Andrew church serves as one of the Roman Catholic parish churches inside the municipality.

The most popular religious site in Candaba is in the barangay "Pulong Gubat". It pulls many pilgrims who believe that Nuestra Señor dela Pacencia will cure their illness or grant their wishes.[citation needed]

Local government[edit]

Town hall

Mayor of Candaba is Baylon Danilo, and vice mayor is Michael V. Sagum, replacing Rene Maglanque and Babes Evangelista respectively after the 2016 mayoral elections.

Economy[edit]

Candaba market

The Candaba Swamp (Pinac, Pinak) absorbs most of the flood waters that flow from the western slopes of the Sierra Madre Mountain Range. During the rainy season, the Pampanga River overflows and the swamp is submerged. But it is relatively dry during the dry Season, hence making the land suitable for a variety agricultural production.

Candaba is noted for its production watermelon, that are sold worldwide.[citation needed] The swamps are communal fishing grounds encompassing some 430 km2 of highly arable farmlands. Candaba swamps are very fertile due to its sustained deposits of humus and decaying plant residues. Migrant wild ducks and various wildlife bird from Siberia, New Zealand, Mongolia and other parts of Asia use Candaba as their yearly sanctuary.[citation needed]

Infrastructure[edit]

Drainage System

Candaba-San Miguel road is known for being flooded when a typhoon hits Candaba. The drainage system or rip-rap, which is a part of Mayor Jerry Pelayo's road cementing project, was built on both sides of every cemented roads made so the rainwater from other parts of Pampanga will just flow on it and not on the road.

Transportation[edit]

Public transport is mainly done by means of jeepneys and tricycles. Jeepneys have their routes as an itinerary route for various places.

Candaba-San Miguel road or pinak was fully cemented by 2014. This was one of the then Mayor Jerry Pelayo's major projects. The construction stopped when the ex-mayor didn't won when he ran for governor. But then it was continued by the present mayor, (2015) Rene Maglangque, and is planning for the whole road to be asphalted, though some parts of it was already asphalted.[citation needed]

Telecommunication facilities[edit]

Candabas telecommunication facilities and telephone services are provided by the Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company (PLDT), PSE.DGTL, Datelcom, Evangelista Telephone Company and the Pampanga Telecom Company.

Water and power utilities[edit]

Waterworks

Candaba will soon have modern waterworks, following the start of a 24 million Peso water supply development project of the Candaba Water District (CWD) with the financial and technical assistance of the Local Water Utilities Administration (LWUA).[citation needed] Other means to get drinking water are water wells.

Electric power

The municipality receives it electric power in from the Pampanga 1 Electric Cooperative (PELCO 1) and from Manila Electric Company (MERALCO).[7][8]

PSGC Barangay Electric Utility Acronym
35405001 Bahay Pare Manila Electric Company MERALCO
35405002 Bambang Pampanga 1 Electric Cooperative PELCO 1
35405003 Barangca Manila Electric Company MERALCO
35405004 Barit Pampanga 1 Electric Cooperative PELCO 1
35405005 Buas (Poblacion) Pampanga 1 Electric Cooperative PELCO 1
35405008 Cuayang Bugtong Pampanga 1 Electric Cooperative PELCO 1
35405009 Dalayap Pampanga 1 Electric Cooperative PELCO 1
35405010 Dulong Ilog Manila Electric Company MERALCO
35405011 Gulap Pampanga 1 Electric Cooperative PELCO 1
35405012 Lanang Pampanga 1 Electric Cooperative PELCO 1
35405013 Lourdes Pampanga 1 Electric Cooperative PELCO 1
35405014 Magumbali Manila Electric Company MERALCO
35405015 Mandasig Pampanga 1 Electric Cooperative PELCO 1
35405016 Mandili Manila Electric Company MERALCO
35405017 Mangga Pampanga 1 Electric Cooperative PELCO 1
35405018 Mapaniqui Manila Electric Company MERALCO
35405020 Paligui Manila Electric Company MERALCO
35405021 Pangclara Manila Electric Company MERALCO
35405022 Pansinao Pampanga 1 Electric Cooperative PELCO 1
35405023 Paralaya (Poblacion) Pampanga 1 Electric Cooperative PELCO 1
35405024 Pasig Pampanga 1 Electric Cooperative PELCO 1
35405025 Pescadores (Poblacion) Pampanga 1 Electric Cooperative PELCO 1
35405026 Pulong Gubat Manila Electric Company MERALCO
35405027 Pulong Palazan Manila Electric Company MERALCO
35405028 Salapungan Manila Electric Company MERALCO
35405029 San Agustin (Poblacion) Pampanga 1 Electric Cooperative PELCO 1
35405031 Santo Rosario Pampanga 1 Electric Cooperative PELCO 1
35405032 Tagulod Pampanga 1 Electric Cooperative PELCO 1
35405033 Talang Pampanga 1 Electric Cooperative PELCO 1
35405034 Tenejero Manila Electric Company MERALCO
35405035 Vizal San Pablo Manila Electric Company MERALCO
35405036 Vizal Santo Cristo Manila Electric Company MERALCO
35405037 Vizal Santo Niño Manila Electric Company MERALCO

Bird sanctuary[edit]

Eastern marsh harrier (Circus spilonotus), Candaba Marsh

On January 2008, a Philippine record of 17,000 birds (in the 24-hour count) visited the 32,000-hectare Candaba Swamp, sanctuary for migratory birds. Michael Lu, president of the Wild Bird Club of the Philippines (WBCP), stated that 80 species of migratory birds were sighted at the 100-hectare fishpond of Mayor Jerry Pelayo in Barangay Doña Simang and in Barangay Paralaya. The rare birds spotted were: the Shrenck’s bittern, great bittern, gadwall, coot, Philippine mallard or ducks, and Eurasian spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia). Robert S. Kennedy’s book A Guide to the Birds of the Philippines lists endemic and migratory birds which visit the Philippines. Pelayo organized the Ibon-Ebon Festival (“birds and eggs”) on February 1–2. The WBCP recorded three rare species in Candaba swamp: the purple swamphen (Porphyrio porphyrio), Chinese pond heron (Ardeola bacchus) and the black-crowned night heron (Nycticorax nycticorax).[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  2. ^ "Province: Pampanga". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  5. ^ Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City and Municipality. NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. 
  6. ^ "Province of Pampanga". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 
  7. ^ http://www.lawphil.net/statutes/repacts/ra2003/ra_9209_2003.html
  8. ^ http://www.kuryente.org.ph/electric-company/municipalities/27
  9. ^ Inquirer.net, 17,000 birds sighted in Candaba swamp

Bibliography[edit]

  • Gatbonton, Manuel, Ing Candawe, excerpts, 1933.
  • Henson, Mariano A., Pampanga and Its Towns (AD 1300-1965), Angeles: 1965.
  • Licuanan, Virginia Benitez and Jose Llavador Mira, The Philippines Under Spain: A Compilation and Translation of Original Documents, Quezon City: 1993.
  • Pangilinan, Michael Raymon M. (Siuala ding Meangubie), Five Thousand Years of Antiquity: A Timeline of Candaba History, Kapampangan Magazine, ed. by Elmer G. Cato, ISSN 1656-5592, Year 2004, Issue XV, pp. 11–12.
  • Pangilinan, Michael Raymon M. (Siuala ding Meangubie), Candaba: Timelessly Mystical, Kapampangan Magazine, ed. by Elmer G. Cato, ISSN 1656-5592, Year 2004, Issue XV, pp. 16–17.
  • San Agustin, Gaspar de, Conquistas de las Islas Filipinas; 1565–1615, 1st Bilingual Edition, Intramuros: 1998.
  • The Historical Data Papers, Candaba, Bureau of Public Schools, 1953
  • The Contemporary Chinese Dictionary (Chinese-English Edition), Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press, Beijing 2002.

External links[edit]