Candelaria, Nevada

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Candelaria, Nevada
Ghost town
Candelaria Nevada c 1880.jpg
Candelaria is located in Nevada
Candelaria
Candelaria
Location within the state of Nevada
Candelaria is located in the US
Candelaria
Candelaria
Candelaria (the US)
Coordinates: 38°09′32″N 118°05′21″W / 38.15889°N 118.08917°W / 38.15889; -118.08917Coordinates: 38°09′32″N 118°05′21″W / 38.15889°N 118.08917°W / 38.15889; -118.08917
CountryUnited States
StateNevada
CountyMineral
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific (PST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
Official nameCandelaria and Metallic City
Reference no.92

Candelaria is a ghost town in Mineral County, Nevada, approximately 121 miles southeast of Fallon. Today the site of Candelaria is dominated by the Kinross Gold Candelaria Mine on Mt. Diablo.

History[edit]

Candelaria was founded in 1864 when Mexican prospectors working the area discovered silver deposits on the northern slopes of the mountain. In 1873, the camp's most profitable mine, the Northern Belle, went into production. The success of the mine attracted people and busines to the area, and by 1875, the Candelaria district became the most productive in southwestern Nevada.[1][2]

Candelaria main street, early 1880s

As the population grew, there was not enough water available to support mining and the populated settlement. "The stamp mill in Candelaria had to operate as a dry mill, which spread toxic dust throughout the area. Unlike other camps where a wet milling process was used, Candelaria miners suffered from an extremely high incidence of “miners consumption” (respiratory disease). Inhabitants of the area breathed in the fine particulate dust created by the dry stamping process, which brought about respiratory tract infections and diseases which often ended in death".[3]

The Northern Belle, produced and shipped approx. $15 million in silver. The town had two hotels, numerous stores, multiple saloons, doctors and lawyers and other businesses. In 1882, the completion of the Carson and Colorado Railroad to Candelaria helped to alleviate the water shortage. With available water, the town continued to thrive for ten years. In 1893 an economic depression in the U.S. halted investment in the mines and many of the mines closed. After that, the town was abandoned.[1][3]

Location[edit]

The location of Candelaria is approximately 121 miles from Fallon on US 95S; from there turn W on dirt road for 6 miles to the location of the town site. Candelaria was at 38°09′32″N 118°05′21″W / 38.15889°N 118.08917°W / 38.15889; -118.08917, at an elevation of 5714 feet (1742m).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Paher, Stanley W (1970). Nevada Ghost Towns and Mining Camps. 69: Howell North.
  2. ^ "Candellaria and Metallic City". Ghost Towns.com. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Candelaria". Western mining history. Retrieved 18 September 2018.

External links[edit]