|Macomb County Public Works Commissioner|
January 1, 2017
|Preceded by||Anthony Marrocco|
|Chair of the House Administration Committee|
January 3, 2013 – December 31, 2016
|Preceded by||Dan Lungren|
|Succeeded by||Gregg Harper|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Michigan's 10th district
January 3, 2003 – December 31, 2016
|Preceded by||David Bonior|
|Succeeded by||Paul Mitchell|
|40th Secretary of State of Michigan|
January 1, 1995 – January 1, 2003
|Preceded by||Richard Austin|
|Succeeded by||Terri Lynn Land|
|Born||Candice Sue McDonald
May 7, 1954
St. Clair Shores, Michigan, U.S.
|Education||Macomb Community College
Candice Sue Miller (née McDonald; born May 7, 1954) is an American politician who was the U.S. Representative for Michigan's 10th congressional district from 2003 to 2017. She is former Michigan Secretary of State, Macomb County Treasurer, and Harrison Township Supervisor. She is a member of the Republican Party. In November 2016, she was elected Macomb County Public Works commissioner, defeating 6-term incumbent Anthony Marrocco.
The district includes all of Michigan's Huron, Lapeer, Sanilac, and St. Clair counties, plus northern Macomb and eastern Tuscola counties. She is a graduate of Lake Shore High School of St. Clair Shores, Michigan.
- 1 U.S. House of Representatives
- 2 Admonishment by House Ethics Committee
- 3 Political positions
- 4 Political campaigns
- 5 Post Congressional Career
- 6 Personal life
- 7 Electoral History
- 8 References
- 9 External links
U.S. House of Representatives
In the 113th Congress, Representative Miller was appointed to serve as Chairman of the Committee on House Administration (CHA), and in the 114th Congress she continues to serve as the Committee’s Chair. CHA was established in 1947 and is charged with the oversight of federal elections and the day-to-day operations of the House of Representatives.
The Committee has the responsibility to ensure that the House of Representatives runs in an effective and efficient manner, which is vital as we work to meet the many challenges facing this great nation. Most importantly, this committee has jurisdiction over the federal election process, and, as Chairman, Representative Miller has been committed to making certain the Committee enacts rules to ensure our nation continues to have open, free, and fair elections.
Under her leadership as Chairman, the U.S. House received consecutive “clean” audits, demonstrating her commitment to transparency and accountability. She also played a major role in advancing legislation to end the practice of using millions of dollars in taxpayer funding to host political party conventions and, instead, redirected that funding for pediatric research. Working with House officers, she has helped to increase the availability of low-cost digital tools used by the House to improve the House’s daily functions and reduce operating costs. She also oversaw the Committee’s review of the report generated by the Bauer-Ginsberg Commission, which focused on utilizing good, local governance over elections and made recommendations on different ideas to help locals election administrators improve upon their own voting processes.
Representative Miller has served on the House Committee on Homeland Security since March 2008. Representative Miller is currently serving as Vice Chair of the full House Committee on Homeland Security and served as Chairman of the Subcommittee on Border and Maritime Security from 2011 until February 2016. She is also serving as a member of the Subcommittee on Counterterrorism and Intelligence.
The federal government’s first and foremost responsibility is to provide for our national defense, and our common defense begins with a secure homeland. The Committee is charged with oversight of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and ensuring its primary focus remains on the protection of the American people.
As Chairman of the Subcommittee on Border and Maritime Security, Representative Miller exercised effective oversight and initiated legislative efforts to ensure our nation’s borders are adequately secured against international terrorist organizations, illegal immigration, drug and human smuggling, as well as the exploitation of the legitimate visa process.
During the 113th Congress, Representative Miller championed legislation to formally authorize Customs and Border Protection (CBP) and clarify the security mission of the agency for the first time since the Department of Homeland Security was created in 2002. The legislation passed the House on July 28, 2014. She has also long advocated for ways to strengthen the Department of Homeland Security’s ability to identify and stop terrorists with western passports, authoring legislation in that would allow DHS to suspend a country’s participation in the U.S. Visa Waiver Program if it fails to provide the U.S. with pertinent traveler information related to terror threats. Additionally, Representative Miller crafted legislation to increase oversight over the maritime security mission of DHS, as well as strengthen maritime security at home and abroad as we trade with our trusted partners.
In the 114th Congress, Representative Miller continued to push needed legislation that helped ensure we implement strong protections for our borders and global supply chain. Our nation’s borders can and must be secured, and her goal has been to see that DHS is making progress to confront the threats of terrorism, cyber terrorism, and mismanagement of the Department in these areas vital to our national security, and continuing to work towards a secure border and a safer homeland.
Michigan’s 10th Congressional District is a border district. It is home to the Blue Water Bridge, which is the second-busiest border crossing on the northern tier; Selfridge Air National Guard Base, which has expanding missions in the area of homeland security; Coast Guard stations at Selfridge, Port Huron, and Harbor Beach; it borders Chemical Valley, which is one of the largest collections of petro-chemical operations in North America; the CN Rail Tunnel, which is the busiest rail artery in the U.S.; and is the genesis of important trade arteries, interstates I-94 and I-69.
Miller focused her efforts on building a stronger presence of homeland security assets at Selfridge, enhancing the security of our airways, roadways, railways, and waterways, in addition to securing our food and water supplies by enhancing Northern Border security.
The Committee on Homeland Security was established in 2002 to provide congressional oversight for the U.S. Department of Homeland Security and better protect the American people against a possible terrorist attack. Many of the programs at Selfridge and the armed service reserves throughout the 10th Congressional District fall under the purview of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. The Committee on Homeland Security provides oversight for the department and handles issues dealing with transportation security, border and port security, critical infrastructure protection, cyber security, and science and technology, emergency preparedness, emerging threats, intelligence and information sharing, investigations, and management and procurement.
- Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure
In 2007, Representative Miller was appointed to the full House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure. Representative Miller is also a member of the Subcommittee on Railroads, Pipelines, and Hazardous Materials, the Subcommittee on Water Resources and Environment, as well as the Subcommittee on Aviation. Representative Miller is the only member from Michigan serving on this Committee and takes seriously the need to advocate on behalf of Michigan to ensure the state is returned its fair share of tax dollars for many infrastructure needs. She believes all avenues of transportation, whether on land or on the sea, are important to improve, maintain, and support surrounding economic growth.
Michigan’s 10th Congressional District is host to the Blue Water Bridge in Port Huron, which is the second most traveled border crossing in North America. It is a vital component of economic expansion not just for the district, but for the region, state, and nation. This Committee allows her to offer enhanced oversight and influence to ensure this portal and others like it receive the federal attention they need and deserve.
In 2014, Representative Miller was appointed to the House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure’s Public-Private Partnership Special Panel. This panel was created to examine the current state of public-private partnerships (P3s) across all modes of transportation, economic development, public buildings, water, and maritime infrastructure and equipment, and make recommendations on balancing the needs of the public and private sectors when considering, developing, and implementing P3 projects to finance the Nation’s infrastructure. As the only Michigan Member, her involvement was critical in examining innovative ways that P3s can benefit infrastructure projects in Michigan, such as the expansion of the Customs and Border Plaza at the Blue Water Bridge.
The Committee also holds jurisdiction over water quality issues. Throughout her career in public service, protecting the Great Lakes has been one of Representative Miller’s principal advocacies. She is a vocal proponent of policy designed to preserve and protect Michigan’s most cherished natural resource. During the 113th Congress, as the only member of the Committee from the state of Michigan, Miller tirelessly advocated for the Great Lakes during House and conference negotiations of the Water Resources Reform and Development Act (WRRDA) and secured the inclusion of her provision designating all ports and harbors on the Great Lakes as a single, comprehensive navigation system for budgeting purposes – the Great Lakes Navigation System – essentially allowing the Great Lakes ports and harbors to create a unified front when it comes to federal funding.
The Committee has jurisdiction over all modes of transportation: aviation, maritime and waterborne transportation, highways, bridges, mass transit, and railroads. The Committee also has jurisdiction over other aspects of our national infrastructure, such as clean water and waste water management, the transport of resources by pipeline, flood damage reduction, the management of federally owned real estate and public buildings, the development of economically depressed rural and urban areas, disaster preparedness and response, and hazardous materials transportation.
The Committee’s broad oversight portfolio includes many federal agencies, including the Department of Transportation, the U.S. Coast Guard, Amtrak, the Environmental Protection Agency, the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the General Services Administration, the Army Corps of Engineers, and others.
For the 110th Congress Miller was appointed to continue her service on the House Armed Services Committee and was added to the Transportation and Infrastructure Committee, which has jurisdiction over not only surface transportation but also water quality issues related to the Great Lakes. Miller was appointed to the House Committee on Homeland Security in March 2008 and has since left the House Armed Services Committee.
During the 108th Congress, the House Ethics Committee sent her letters of admonishment for having improperly attempted to influence the vote of fellow Michigan congressman Nick Smith on the House floor. She later told the Detroit Free Press, " can be intimidated by an overweight middle-age woman, that's too bad."
During the 2003 invasion of Iraq, Miller was a member of the Armed Services committee, and part of a "war room" team that relayed information from the Bush administration to Republican members, the news media, and the public.
Admonishment by House Ethics Committee
During the 108th Congress, Miller was admonished by the House Ethics Committee for improperly attempting to influence the vote of fellow Michigan Congressman Nick Smith on a Medicare vote.
"The subcommittee released a 62-page report... that admonished Rep. Candice Miller (R-Mich.) and House Majority Leader Tom DeLay (R-Texas) for possibly breaking House rules by offering support for Smith's son in exchange for a vote and threatening retaliation if Smith did not vote for the Medicare bill.
The report... admonished Rep. Candice S. Miller (R-Mich.) for making comments about Brad Smith during the Nov 22 roll call that appeared to be "a threat of retaliation" for Nick Smith's vote against the bill.
Representative Miller told the Investigative Subcommittee that the first time she spoke to Representative Smith about his vote on the Medicare legislation was on the House floor while the vote was open, after Representative Smith had cast his vote. She estimated that she spoke with him during the first hour of the time that the vote was held open. Representative Miller saw Representative Smith's no vote on the board and she "didn't like the way that he voted." Representative Miller testified that, on her own initiative, she approached Representative Smith and said words to the effect of: "Is this how you're going to vote; or, This is how you're going to vote? And he said, Obviously."
Representative Miller recalled that she responded by saying words to the effect of: "Well, I hope your son doesn't come to Congress, or I'm not going to support your son, or something to that effect." Representative Smith then "rose up out of his seat and said, You get out of here." That was the end of the interaction between the two Members. Representative Miller estimated that the exchange lasted for about ten seconds. She told the Investigative Subcommittee that she did not at any point ask Representative Smith to change his vote on the Medicare legislation.Representative Smith told the Investigative Subcommittee that Representative Miller specifically threatened to work against his son if he did not change his vote. Representative Smith’s recollection was that Representative Miller "came up and said something like, I haven't been involved in this campaign before, but if you don't change your vote, I'll get involved, and I'll make sure Brad isn't elected."
Miller sat on the House Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming and has praised President Obama for his stance on off-shore oil exploration. She supports selling oil and gas leases to help fund the research and development of alternative energy projects.
On August 31, 2011, Miller complained about the publication by WikiLeaks (a non-profit document archive organisation) of classified documents purloined from the United States government, “The latest release of stolen American secrets by the organization WikiLeaks once again proves that they are a terrorist operation that puts the lives of Americans and our allies at risk. Particularly contemptible and criminal is the release of the identities of sources of information to our nation from those working against despotic regimes or terrorist organizations. WikiLeaks can no longer say that they are anything more than an organization that aids and abets enemies of freedom. It is long past time for the Obama Administration to take decisive action to shut this criminal operation down and to bring those who steal and release America’s secrets and put our allies at risk to justice.”
In June 2013, Miller introduced legislation, the Great Lakes Navigation System Sustainability Act of 2013 (H
Miller, along with Congresswoman Loretta Sanchez, introduced H
Miller also introduced, on November 14, 2013, H
On January 10, 2014, Miller introduced the United States Customs and Border Protection Authorization Act (H.R. 3846; 113th Congress), a bill that would authorize the Customs and Border Protection (CBP) and its mission and direct the CBP in the United States Department of Homeland Security to establish standard procedures for addressing complaints made against CBP employees and to enhance training for CBP officers and agents. Miller said that "Today, the House passed legislation that provides the necessary statutory authorization that will protect the agency's mission by providing our officers and agents proper authorities to carry out their important work."
Miller also introduced a bill, the Visa Waiver Program Improvement Act of 2015 which has been criticized for casting US citizens of Arab, Iranian, and Muslim descent as second-class citizens in their own country - a "legislation that will effectively create two classes of Americans - Americans with Middle Eastern or Muslim background, and Americans without that background".
The bill Homeowner Flood Insurance Affordability Act of 2013 (H.R. 3370; 113th Congress) passed in the House on March 4, 2014. The bill delayed indefinitely some of the reforms to the deeply indebted National Flood Insurance Program. The primary issue what the premiums should be on home and business owners located in flood zones. Miller opposed the bill and argued that the state of Michigan should opt out of the National Flood Insurance Program entirely and urged the governor to do so. According to Miller, Michigan residents subsidize other, more flood prone parts of the country, by paying higher premiums than they should. Miller accused insurance premiums of being decides by politics rather than actuarial costs. She said that "too many Americans across this nation are paying rates far below what actual risk would dictate in the marketplace while others, including many who I represent, are being forced to pay into a program that they do not need or want to help subsidize lower rates for other favored groups whose risk is far greater."
Miller was elected Michigan Secretary of State, unseating 6-term incumbent Richard H. Austin. She was the first Republican to serve as Secretary of State in Michigan in 40 years since Owen Cleary left office in 1955.
Miller carried every county in Michigan (including Wayne County, home to Detroit) and beat both Democrat Mary Parks and the Reform Party's Perry Spencer by 1 million votes, the largest margin of victory for a candidate running statewide in Michigan.
After the 2000 United States Census, the Michigan Legislature reconfigured the state's congressional map. In the process, they redrew the 10th District, represented by 13-term Democrat David Bonior. The old 10th had been a fairly compact district taking in most of Macomb and St. Clair counties. However, the reconfigured 10th was pushed all the way to the Thumb. In the process, the legislature moved Miller's home in Harrison Township into the district, while shifting Bonior's home in Mount Clemens to the neighboring 12th District. Bonior opted to run for the governor of Michigan rather than run for re-election to the House of Representatives. Miller won the Republican primary, and in the general election in November she handily beat Carl Marlinga, the Macomb County Prosecutor since 1982. Marlinga called himself a "Hubert Humphrey Democrat", and Miller called herself a "George W. Bush Republican." She outraised Marlinga, and secured the Teamsters Union (but not AFL-CIO) endorsement.
Miller faced no opposition in the Republican primary, and was acclaimed as the Republican candidate on August 8, 2006. In the general election Miller was challenged by Democrat Robert Denison and three third-party candidates. Miller defeated Denison 178,843 to 84,574 votes.
During the 2008 Presidential election, Miller endorsed Former New York City Mayor Rudy Giuliani for president. At the Michigan Republican convention, she explained, "When deciding what candidate I wanted to be our next President of the United States I knew we needed someone who would continue the fight against terrorism, who has proven leadership and who has the record and experience of managing government and improving the economy. Again and again on the most important issues facing America I came to the same conclusion, that former New York City Mayor Rudy Giuliani is the man we need to lead our nation."
Miller was challenged by Democratic nominee Henry Yanez, a Sterling Heights firefighter and paramedic. He is currently the Chairman of the 10th District Democrats and was a delegate to the 2004 and 2008 Democratic National Conventions. Miller won reelection November 3, 2010 with nearly 72% of the vote, beating Yanez, two minor party candidates, and a write-in.
Miller's choice for Chairman of Michigan's 10th congressional district Republican committee lost to her former assistant secretary of state, Stanley Grot, a local Tea Party activist. Grot is chairman of the district committee, clerk of Shelby Township, and formerly a constituent relations representative in the Michigan Attorney General's office. He has been president of the American Polish Cultural Center. After Henry Yanez dropped out to run for a State Representative position, two candidates, Jerome Quinn and Chuck Stalder, have declared and will face each other in a primary set for August 7, 2012 to decide who will have the Democratic nomination, and be facing Miller in the 2012 general election.
Post Congressional Career
Macomb County Public Works Commissioner
In March 2015, Miller announced she would not seek re-election to Congress, and resigned at the end of the 114th Congress. Even though she was leaving Congress, Miller insisted that her career in public service was not over.
Miller defeated Marrocco in the general election, taking 55 percent of the vote. Marrocco is the third 24-year incumbent that Miller has defeated in her political career.
On January 1, 2017, her first day as Public Works Commissioner, Miller held a press conference at the site of a sinkhole in Fraser, Michigan. Miller, alongside County Executive Mark Hackel, announced she had spoken with Gov. Rick Snyder about obtaining emergency funds from the state and said that she believed Snyder would tour the site.
2018 Michigan Gubernatorial Election
Miller's husband Donald Miller is a retired Circuit Court judge in the 16th Circuit Court for Macomb County. He was a fighter pilot, flew combat missions in Vietnam, commanded the Selfridge Air National Guard Base and retired from the Air National Guard as a Colonel. Their daughter is a member of the United Auto Workers Union.
|Republican||Candice Miller (I)||2,055,432||67.9|
|Democratic||Mary Lou Parks||938,557||30.9|
|Reform||Perry Kent Spencer||42,897||1.4|
|Swing to Republican from Democratic||Swing|
|Republican||Candice Miller (I)||227,720||68.6||+5.3|
|Libertarian||Phoebe A. Basso||3,966||1.2||0|
|Natural Law||Anthony America||2,153||0.7||+0.7|
|Republican||Candice Miller (I)||179,072||66.2||-2.4|
|Green||Candace Ruth Caveny||1,897||0.7||+0.7|
|Taxpayers||F. Richard Gualdoni||1,888||0.7||+0.7|
|Republican||Candice Miller (I)||230,471||66.3||+0.1|
|Libertarian||Neil Kiernan Stephenson||4,632||1.3||+0.2|
|Green||Candace Ruth Caveny||4,146||1.2||+0.5|
|Republican||Candice Miller (I)||168,364||72.0||+5.7|
|Green||Candace Ruth Caveny||3,286||1.4||+0.2|
|Republican||Candice Miller (I)||226,075||68.8||-3.2|
|Republican||Candice Miller (I)||157,069||68.7||-0.1|
|Democratic||Anthony Marrocco (I)||179,547||45.4||-54.6|
|Swing to Republican from Democratic||Swing|
- Hotts, Mitch (March 5, 2015). "Rep. Miller's decision not to seek re-election opens door for candidates". Macomb Daily. Retrieved February 5, 2017.
- "Full Biography". Congresswoman Candice Miller. Retrieved 2016-03-30.
- Christina Hall (November 9, 2016). "Miller trounces incumbent Marrocco in Macomb public works race". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved November 16, 2016.
- "About Candice". Retrieved October 24, 2016.
- Zoe Clark (March 5, 2015). "GOP Congresswoman Candice Miller announces she will not seek reelection in 2016". Michigan Radio. Retrieved March 5, 2015.
- "RESIGNATION FROM THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES". Congressional Record. December 5, 2016. Retrieved January 4, 2017.
- "Committees and Caucuses". December 13, 2012. Retrieved October 24, 2016.
- Barone, Michael; McCutcheon, Chuck (2010). The Almanac of American Politics. Washington, D.C.: The University of Chicago Press, National Journal Group, and Atlantic Media Company. pp. 848–850. ISBN 978-0-226-03807-0. LCCN 2011929193.
- "Rumblings". Crain's Detroit Business. 26. March 24, 2003. GALE|A99164199. Retrieved May 9, 2012 – via Gale Biography In Context. (subscription required)
- "Ethics Panel Rebukes DeLay (washingtonpost.com)". Retrieved October 24, 2016.
- "Investigation of Certain Allegations Related to Voting on the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003 - House Committee on Ethics". Retrieved October 24, 2016.
- "The Taxpayer Protection Pledge Signers – 112th Congressional List" (PDF). Washington, D. C.: Americans for Tax Reform. September 14, 2011. Retrieved May 9, 2012.
- Oosting, Jonathan (April 1, 2010). "Olive branch to GOP? Republican Candice Miller praises Obama's off-shore oil plan". MLive. Retrieved February 21, 2012.
- "WikiLeaks is a Terrorist Operation". RepWatch. Carmen Reynolds, editor in chief. August 31, 2011. Retrieved 2012-05-09.[unreliable source?]
- "H R 3523 Recorded Vote". April 26, 2012. Retrieved May 8, 2012.
- Miller, Candice (June 22, 2013). "Candice Miller: Bipartisan legislation aims to aid Great Lakes waterways". The Times Herald. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
- Harrison, Julie (25 September 2013). "Miller, Sanchez introduce Biometric Exit Improvement Act". The Ripon Advane. Retrieved 30 September 2013.
- "Rep. Miller Introduces Biometric Exit System Bill to Strengthen our Nation's Border Security (press release)". Office of U.S. Congresswoman Candice Miller. Retrieved 30 September 2013.
- "H.R. 3487 – Summary". United States Congress. Retrieved 18 November 2013.
- Kasperowicz, Pete (18 November 2013). "House votes to boost transparency in federal spending". The Hill. Retrieved 19 November 2013.
- "CBO – H.R. 3846". Congressional Budget Office. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
- "House Passes Legislation To Authorize CBP, Assess TWIC Program". Homeland Security Today. 28 July 2014. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
- "Trump is a symptom not the disease". Retrieved October 24, 2016.
- Kasperowicz, Pete (4 March 2014). "House retreats from 2012 flood reforms". The Hill. Retrieved 6 March 2014.
- Jones, Stephanie K. (5 March 2014). "U.S. Congresswoman: Flood Insurance Bill Bad for Michigan". Insurance Journal. Retrieved 6 March 2014.
- "Election Results November 03, 1998 Secretary of State 4 Year Term". Michigan Secretary of State. February 9, 1999. Retrieved May 9, 2012.
- "Election Results November 04, 2008 10th District Representative in Congress". Michigan Secretary of State. December 30, 2008. Retrieved May 9, 2012.
- Henry Yanez for Congress Archived February 24, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Election Results at Politico.com".
- "2010 Michigan Election Map 2012: Live Voting Results". Politico.com. May 8, 2012. Retrieved May 9, 2012.
- "Election Results November 02, 2010 10th District Representative in Congress". Michigan Secretary of State. March 2, 2011. Retrieved May 9, 2012.
- Gizzi, John (May 17, 2011). "There's Lots of Opportunity Here". Human Events. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
...Stanley Grot, longtime GOP activist in Macomb County. “He came to talk to our Tea Party group...
- "Officers and Members of the Republican 10th Congressional District Committee". Michigan 10th Congressional District Republicans. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
Grot, Stanley Chair, Issues Committee, Macomb
- Kaszubski, Debra (April 26, 2012). "Clerk Stanley Grot Hosts First Citizens Advisory Meeting. Residents discuss roads, recreation, funds, current board, more during sometimes heated gathering". Shelby-Utica: Patch Media. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
- Maria Wojnaroski V. Stanley Grot, 257899 (State of Michigan Court of Appeals February 23, 2006).
- Todd Spangler and Kathleen Gray (March 5, 2015). "U.S. Rep. Candice Miller won't seek 8th term". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved May 31, 2016.
- Nolan Finley and Ingrid Jacques (September 20, 2015). "Candice Miller tests waters for a gov run in Michigan". Detroit News. Retrieved May 31, 2016.
- Todd Spangler (March 23, 2016). "Candice Miller seeks job overseeing Macomb water issues". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved May 31, 2016.
- Emma Ockerman (January 1, 2017). "Candice Miller reaches out for help in Fraser sinkhole mess". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved January 4, 2017.
- Tim Skubick (April 12, 2015). "Candice Miller's name as a potential GOP governor candidate makes the race interesting". MLive. Retrieved May 30, 2016.
- "Our Judges". Macomb County Veterans' Treatment Court. Retrieved May 9, 2012.
Judge Don Miller was born in Grand Rapids, Michigan on June 17, 1938. After high school, he attended Michigan State University, majoring in physics and enrolling in Air Force ROTC. He graduated in 1969 with a Bachelor of Science degree and a commission as a second lieutenant in the USAF.
- "1998 Michigan Election Results". Michigan Department of State. September 28, 2016. Retrieved January 5, 2017.
- "2002 Michigan Election Results". Michigan Department of State. September 28, 2016. Retrieved January 5, 2017.
- "2004 Michigan Election Results". Michigan Department of State. September 28, 2016. Retrieved January 5, 2017.
- "2006 Michigan Election Results". Michigan Department of State. September 28, 2016. Retrieved January 9, 2017.
- "2008 Michigan Election Results". Michigan Department of State. September 28, 2016. Retrieved January 9, 2017.
- "2010 Michigan Election Results". Michigan Department of State. September 28, 2016. Retrieved January 9, 2017.
- "2012 Michigan Election Results". Michigan Department of State. September 28, 2016. Retrieved January 9, 2017.
- "2014 Michigan Election Results". Michigan Department of State. September 28, 2016. Retrieved January 9, 2017.
- "Election Results - Treasurer One 4-year term". Macomb County Clerk/Register of Deeds. November 9, 2016. Retrieved January 9, 2017.
- Candice Miller at DMOZ
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Project Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at The Library of Congress
- Official Website
|Secretary of State of Michigan
Terri Lynn Land
|United States House of Representatives|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Michigan's 10th congressional district
|Chair of the House Administration Committee