|Created by||Allen Funt|
|Developed by||Allen Funt|
|Narrated by||Durward Kirby (1960–66)
Bess Myerson (1966–67)
|Theme music composer||Frank Grant|
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||38|
|No. of episodes||1,000+|
|Executive producer(s)||Allen Funt (1948–92)
Bob Banner (1960-67)
Peter Funt (1996-2004; 2014)
Ben Silverman (2014)
|Camera setup||Single camera|
|Running time||30 minutes|
|Production company(s)||Allen Funt Productions
(1953; 1960–67; 1974-79; 1983; 1987-88; 1991-92)
Bob Banner Associates
King World Productions
Candid Camera, Inc.
TV Land Original Production
|Distributor||FremantleMedia Enterprises (1974-2004)
Electus International (2014)
|Original network||ABC (1948–49)
TV Land (2014)
|Picture format||480i SDTV (1953-2004)
1080i HDTV (2014)
|Original release||Original version: 1948–54
1960 version: 1960–67
The New Candid Camera: 1974–79
The Candid Camera Show: 1987–88
The All-New Candid Camera: 1991–92
1996 version: 1996–2004
TV Land version: 2014
|Preceded by||Candid Microphone|
Candid Camera is an American hidden camera/practical joke reality television series created and produced by Allen Funt, which initially began on radio as The Candid Microphone June 28, 1947. After a series of theatrical film shorts, also titled Candid Microphone, Funt's concept came to television on August 10, 1948, and continued into the 1970s. Aside from occasional specials in the 1980s and 1990s, the show was off air until making a comeback on CBS in 1996, before moving to PAX in 2001. This incarnation of the weekly series ended on May 5, 2004, concurrent with the selling of the PAX network itself. Beginning on August 11, 2014, the show returned in a new series with hour-long episodes on TV Land.
The format has been revived numerous times, appearing on U.S. TV networks and in syndication (first-run) in each succeeding decade, as either a regular show or a series of specials. Funt, who died in 1999, hosted or co-hosted all versions of the show until he became too ill to continue. His son Peter Funt, who had co-hosted the specials with his father since 1987, became the producer and host.
The show involved concealing cameras filming ordinary people being confronted with unusual situations, sometimes involving trick props, such as a desk with drawers that pop open when one is closed or a car with a hidden extra gas tank. When the joke was revealed, victims would be told the show's catchphrase, "Smile, you're on Candid Camera."
The show often played its hidden-camera pranks on celebrities as well: one episode had actress Ann Jillian scheduled to make a small donation to a Lithuanian charity. When police officers informed her a con artist was behind the charity, they convinced her to donate a much larger amount with the assurance that he would be arrested when he accepted the check. After the arrest attempt, Jillian was told the man was running a legitimate charity, a set-up that forced her into acting as though she had intended to donate hundreds of thousands of dollars all along.
In another episode, the show filmed the reactions of citizens after they saw the former President Harry S. Truman walking down the street. After being advised that the former president and his Secret Service entourage would be taking a walk in downtown Manhattan, the program tracked them with a hidden camera in a van. A young woman who was a champion runner was planted at a street corner they would pass, and she was asking directions from a passerby when she saw Truman and shouted hello. In a stunt suggestive of the classic radio play The Hitchhiker, she then ran around the block so she could be ahead of Truman and was at the next corner where she again said hello to him as he approached. After this was done several times, she asked President Truman if something seemed familiar. The former president replied he expected she had something to do with the van that had been following him, and pointed straight into the camera with his walking stick without turning to look.
Some of Funt's pieces did not involve pranks but consisted simply of interviews with ordinary people. There were bizarre sequences in which people, sometimes children, gave one-of-a-kind interpretations of works of art. A little girl once told Funt that The Discus Thrower by Praxiteles showed a man throwing his little girl's allowance to her while she stood in the back yard.
Beginning June 6, 1950, The Candid Microphone was broadcast by CBS on Tuesdays at 9:30 p.m., sponsored by Philip Morris, It continued for three months until August 29. The announcer for the radio program was Dorian St. George (1911–2004).
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Funt brought his program to ABC television in 1948, using the Candid Microphone title of the radio series, and then switched to NBC in the fall of 1949 (for Philip Morris, with Ken Roberts as his announcer), at which point its name was changed to Candid Camera. The format moved to syndication in 1951 and continued for three years before returning to NBC in 1958 as a segment of Jack Paar's The Tonight Show. The segment reappeared in 1959 on CBS as a feature on The Garry Moore Show, before once again becoming a standalone show in 1960.
Its longest uninterrupted run came in the CBS Sunday evening version. Debuting in October 1960, dominating its 10pm time slot for seven years, the program reached its peak in 1963 placing second for the year in the national Nielsen Ratings. In these shows producer/host Funt was joined on stage by several co-hosts. Veteran CBS broadcaster Arthur Godfrey for the first season, Garry Moore's long time announcer and sidekick Durward Kirby from 1961 to 1966 and, for the final prime time season, TV hostess and former Miss America, Bess Myerson. The 1966-67 season, with Miss Myerson, saw the series first use of color film. Appearances on the show by silent film comedy legend Buster Keaton were included in the 1987 Thames Television tribute documentary "Buster Keaton: A Hard Act To Follow". Among the standout favorite films was 1965's traffic cop Vic Cianca with the Pittsburgh Police who gained national exposure through the show and later appeared in Budweiser commercials as well as Italian TV and the movie Flashdance. A then-unknown Woody Allen was one of the writers for the show in the early 1960s and performed in some scenarios. Though a rarity, a few celebrities appeared in the last CBS season. Among them were baseball legend Jackie Robinson, impressionists George Kirby and Rich Little, singer Mike Douglas and rock vocal group The Four Seasons.
Following an ABC special in the summer of 1974 celebrating the program's 25th anniversary, Candid Camera returned that fall for a five-year run in weekly syndication, with Funt as emcee again and John Bartholomew Tucker and Dorothy Collins as early co-hosts. Fannie Flagg, one of Funt’s writers during the 1960s run, also shared emcee duties with Funt during the 1970s era, as did Phyllis George, Betsy Palmer and Jo Ann Pflug. This version was taped at the Ed Sullivan Theater in New York City for its first season, then moved to WTVF in Nashville for the remainder of its run.
The network TV version celebrated its 35th anniversary with an NBC special in 1983. Four years later, a series of occasional Candid Camera specials aired on CBS with Peter Funt joining his father as co-host.
The show also aired a season in daily syndication (1991–92) with Dom DeLuise as host and Eva LaRue as co-host. Produced by Vin Di Bona, Funt authorized this version, but did not approve of the format or host. He stated in his biography Candidly (1994) that he deeply regretted his decision (which he made strictly for financial reasons) mainly because he did not think DeLuise understood the spirit of the show or was an appropriate host, and also because he felt the bits were weak, uninteresting, and too preoccupied with incorporating the show's sponsor, Pizza Hut, into them in an overtly commercial way.
A 1996 CBS program celebrating the 50th anniversary of the format (dating back to the Candid Microphone days) led to another series of occasional Candid Camera specials, and then to its return as a weekly CBS show with Peter Funt and Suzanne Somers as co-hosts. The show moved to the Pax network in 2001 with Dina Eastwood taking over as co-host, remaining on the air for three more years before suspending production.
In April 2014, it was announced that the TV Land cable channel was reviving the show, ordering ten episodes. Peter Funt returned as a host, joined by actress Mayim Bialik as co-host, with the series premiering on August 11. However, it was not renewed for a second season. Notable guests included the actor Harold Davies.
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The 1960–67 run was arguably the most successful version of the show, according to the Nielsen ratings:
- 1960–61: #7 (27.3 rating)
- 1961–62: #10 (25.5 rating)
- 1962–63: #2 (31.1 rating)
- 1963–64: #7 (27.7 rating)
What Do You Say to a Naked Lady? eventually led to a series of videotapes of an adult-oriented (containing nudity) version of Candid Camera, produced in the 1980s, called Candid Candid Camera. These videos would be shown on HBO and the Playboy Channel.
The 1960s version was seen in reruns on CBS daytime at 10am EST from September 26, 1966 to September 6, 1968, with local stations continuing to air the series for the next several years. It also aired on the Ha! comedy network in 1990-91.
The 1970s version continued to play on local stations for several years after its cancellation, followed by a run on cable's USA Network later in the 1980s, and another go-round on both Comedy Central and E! in the early 1990s.
A British version of Candid Camera began in 1960 and ran for seven years. It was initially presented by David Nixon and featured Jonathan Routh and Arthur Atkins as pranksters. The show briefly returned in 1974, hosted by Peter Dulay, with Arthur Atkins and Sheila Bernette. Another series was aired in 1976 with Jonathan Routh in charge, with Dulay as producer. These two 1970s series reappeared in 1986, with an opening sequence from Peter Dulay. Jeremy Beadle made his name hosting prank shows, notably Beadle's About in the 1980s and 1990s. Channel 4 and Dom Joly developed Trigger Happy TV in the early part of the 21st century. A similar style show with no real presenter went out as Just For Laughs on the BBC around the same time.
An Australian version of Candid Camera, with the same name, began in the late 1990s and ran until the end of the 20th century. It was successful until the show was canceled for unknown reasons. Quebec saw its own adaptation titled Les insolences d'une caméra.
A German variant of Candid Camera, known as Verstehen Sie Spaß?, was begun in 1980 and continues to air today.
A wave of other American hidden-camera prank shows began in the 1980s: Totally Hidden Video was shown on Fox from 1989 until 1992. MTV's Ashton Kutcher vehicle, Punk'd, devised elaborate pranks on celebrities. Some shows have been criticized because of the potential cruelty inherent in the pranks, such as Scare Tactics. Oblivious was a series which gave cash prizes to unsuspecting subjects in the street who answered trivia questions but did not realize they were on a game show. More recent prank shows have been Girls Behaving Badly, Just for Laughs: Gags, The Jamie Kennedy Experiment, Boiling Points, Trigger Happy TV, and Howie Do It. Perhaps the most ambitious of all was The Joe Schmo Show in which Matt Kennedy Gould was surrounded by actors and hoaxed for the entire series.
One episode of Supermarket Sweep from 1991 featured Johnny Gilbert mentioning during the Big Sweep to a team member named Barry (who also appeared on Monopoly): "He thinks he's on Candid Camera, but he knows he's on Supermarket Sweep!".
In a 2010 interview, Peter Funt commented on some of these shows, saying,
We’ve always come at it from the idea that we believe people are wonderful and we’re out to confirm it. Our imitators and other shows, whether it’s Jamie Kennedy or Punk’d, often seem to come at it from the opposite perspective, which is that people are stupid, and we’re going to find ways to underscore that.
In 1964, Cornell University's Department of Psychology asked for and received permission to maintain an archive of Candid Camera and Candid Microphone episodes for educational research and study purposes.
In a suit against Peter Funt, Pax, and the Mohave County Airport Authority; Philip Zelnick, 35, claimed he was injured June 15, 2001, during one of the show's pranks. Funt, posing as a security guard, instructed passengers to go through a fake X-ray machine, and Zelnick received a bruise to his thigh while getting off the conveyor belt. The jury awarded Zelnick a total of $300,000 in punitive damages with Funt and the show ordered to pay $150,000 each, although Funt and the show appealed and later reached a considerably lower, undisclosed settlement. An out-of-court settlement was also reached with the Mohave County Airport Authority, with Zelnick accepting an amount of $95,000 from the airport. PAX TV also awarded Zelnick $7,500 out of court.
- Candid Camera Christmas
- Candid Camera Golf Gags
- Candid Camera's All-Time Funniest Moments Parts I & II
- Candid Camera's Biggest Surprises
- Candid Camera's Pets & Animals
- Candid Candid Camera (adult content)
- Candid Kids
- Best of the 1960s Volume One
- Best of the 1960s Volume Two
- Best of the 1970s Volume One
- Best of the 1970s Volume Two
- Best of the 1980s Volume One
- Best of the 1990s Volume One
- Best of Today Volume One
- Best of Today Volume Two
- Candid Camera: Greatest Moments
- Candid Camera: Fooling The Senses
- Green Kid
- Inspirational Smiles
- Most Requested Characters
- The Funt Family Collection
Classic audio CD
- Candid Microphone (1960)
- Dunning, John (1998). On the Air: The Encyclopedia of Old-Time Radio. Oxford University Press. p. 135. ISBN 9780195076783.
- Nereim, Vivian (January 26, 2010). "Obituary: Victor S. Cianca, Sr./Famous city traffic cop". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved March 21, 2014.
- Brooks, Tim; Marsh, Earle (2009). The complete directory to prime time network and cable TV shows, 1946-present (9th ed.). New York: Ballantine Books. p. 216. ISBN 9780307483201.
- Reed, Allen Funt with Philip (1994). Candidly, Allen Funt: A Million Smiles Later. New York: Barricade Books. ISBN 1-56980-008-1.
- "'Candid Camera' Gets a TV Land Reboot: EP Peter Funt Talks 'Derivative' Shows, Drones, and a More Gullible Public". TheWrap. April 9, 2014. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
- "TV Ratings: 1960–1961". Classic TV Hits.
- "TV Ratings: 1961–1962". Classic TV Hits.
- "TV Ratings: 1962–1963". Classic TV Hits.
- "TV Ratings: 1963–1964". Classic TV Hits.
- Just for Laughs: Gags "This crazy Quebec-based troupe uses the city as its stage, and its inhabitants, or victims, as characters! People are caught in a twisted yet funny web of comedic deception. This updated Candid Camera is a tad more risque and a little kookier with its practical jokes. The little snippets last only a few minutes, and some look more painful than others."
- Video on YouTube
- Glasgow, Greg. "Peter Funt carries on 'Candid Camera' legacy". University of Denver. Retrieved April 1, 2012.
- Segelken, Roger (8 September 1999). "Allen Funt's Candid Camera stunts still inform, prompt smiles in academia". The Cornell Chronicle. Ithaca, NY. Retrieved 10 December 2015.
- Harsh reality: Unwitting traveler takes 'Candid Camera' to court By Laura Barcella Court TV. Verdict
- "Jury Makes Award in Airport Case; Candid Camera to Appeal". Merged Media. Retrieved August 21, 2011.
- Funt, Allen. Eavesdropper at Large: Adventures in Human Nature with "Candid Mike". Vanguard Press, 1952.
- Funt, Allen. Candid Kids. Bernard Geis, 1964.
- "Smile My Ass". Radiolab. WNYC. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
- Candid Microphone with Allen Funt and Bela Lugosi
- Candid Microphone (July 14, 1947)
- Candid Camera official site
- Candid Camera (1948) at the Internet Movie Database
- Candid Camera (1953) at the Internet Movie Database
- Candid Camera (1960) (American) at the Internet Movie Database
- Candid Camera (1960) (British) at the Internet Movie Database
- Candid Camera (1991) at the Internet Movie Database
- Candid Camera (1992) (New Zealand) at the Internet Movie Database
- Candid Camera (1998) at the Internet Movie Database
- Candid Camera (2014) at the Internet Movie Database
- What Do You Say to a Naked Lady? (1970) at the Internet Movie Database
- Money Talks (1972) at the Internet Movie Database
- Belgian candidcamera (2010) candidcamera.be
- Candid Camera @ TV Land on Facebook