Candidates Tournament 2020–21

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Candidates Tournament 2020–21
Ian Nepomniachtchi Tal Memorial 2018.jpg
Ian Nepomniachtchi, the winner of the tournament, advanced to the World Chess Championship 2021 match.
LocationYekaterinburg, Russia
Dates17–26 March 2020, 19–28 April 2021
Competitors8 from 5 nations
Winning score8.5 points of 14
Champion
Russia Ian Nepomniachtchi
← 2018
2022 →

The 2020–21 Candidates Tournament was an eight-player chess double round-robin tournament to decide the challenger for the World Chess Championship 2021. Ian Nepomniachtchi won the tournament with a round to spare and earned the right to challenge the defending world champion, Magnus Carlsen.[1]

The first half of the tournament was played in Yekaterinburg, Russia, from 17 March to 25 March 2020.[2] It was suspended at the halfway point due to the COVID-19 pandemic,[3] with the second half of the tournament played from April 19 to 27, 2021, also in Yekaterinburg.[4] With over 13 months from beginning to end, it is believed to be the longest over-the-board chess tournament in history.[5]

Participants[edit]

The qualifiers for the Candidates Tournament were:[6][7]

Qualification method Player Age Rating World
ranking
(March 2020)[8]
2018 World Championship runner-up United States Fabiano Caruana 27 2842 2
The top two finishers at the Chess World Cup 2019 Azerbaijan Teimour Radjabov (winner). Withdrew.[9][10] 33 2765 9
China Ding Liren (runner-up) 27 2805 3
The top finisher in the FIDE Grand Swiss Tournament 2019 China Wang Hao (winner) 30 2762 12
The top two finishers in the FIDE Grand Prix 2019 Russia Alexander Grischuk (winner) 36 2777 4
Russia Ian Nepomniachtchi (runner-up) 29 2774 5
Highest average rating Netherlands Anish Giri 25 2763 11
France Maxime Vachier-Lagrave (replacement for Radjabov)[9][10] 29 2767 8
Wild card chosen by organizer, subject to eligibility criteria Russia Kirill Alekseenko[11] (highest non-qualifier in Grand Swiss) 22 2698 39

The regulations stated that if one or more players declined the invitation to play in the Candidates Tournament, the players with the next highest average ratings would qualify. On March 6, this rule was used to select Vachier-Lagrave, after Radjabov withdrew.

Compared to previous cycles (2014, 2016, 2018), the Grand Swiss was a new addition, and the number of qualifiers by rating was reduced from two to one. The format of the Grand Prix tournament was also changed.

Qualifier by rating[edit]

The qualifier on rating was the player with the highest average rating for the 12 ratings periods from February 2019 to January 2020, who did not qualify by another method. To be eligible, a player must have played at least 30 games during the 12 ratings periods, and at least 18 in the final 6 ratings periods.[7]

The following table shows the ratings of the players with the top average ratings from February 2019 to January 2020.[12] It includes the first eleven players except for world champion Magnus Carlsen, Fabiano Caruana (who qualified as the 2018 challenger), Ding Liren (who qualified as a finalist of the 2019 World Cup), Alexander Grischuk and Ian Nepomniachtchi (the winner and runner-up of the 2019 FIDE Grand Prix). All of the players in the table met the above game count requirements.

The qualifier by rating was Anish Giri.

R Player Feb 2019 Mar 2019 Apr 2019 May 2019 Jun 2019 Jul 2019 Aug 2019 Sep 2019 Oct 2019 Nov 2019 Dec 2019 Jan 2020 Average
Rating
4 Netherlands Anish Giri 2797 2797 2797 2787 2779 2779 2779 2780 2780 2776 2769 2768 2782.33
5 France Maxime Vachier-Lagrave 2780 2775 2773 2780 2779 2775 2778 2774 2774 2777 2780 2770 2776.25
6 Azerbaijan Shakhriyar Mamedyarov 2790 2790 2793 2781 2774 2765 2764 2767 2767 2772 2772 2770 2775.42
9 India Viswanathan Anand 2779 2779 2774 2774 2767 2764 2756 2765 2765 2757 2757 2758 2766.25
10 Armenia Levon Aronian 2767 2761 2763 2762 2752 2756 2765 2758 2758 2772 2775 2773 2763.50
11 United States Wesley So 2765 2762 2762 2754 2754 2763 2776 2767 2767 2760 2760 2765 2762.91

Wild card[edit]

One wild card was selected by the organizer. This player must have participated in at least two of the three qualifying tournaments (World Cup, Grand Swiss and Grand Prix) and also must have met one of the following conditions: highest non-qualifier in the World Cup and also in the final 4 of the World Cup; highest non-qualifier in the Grand Swiss or Grand Prix; or in the top 10 by average rating from February 2019 to January 2020.

Four players were eligible:[13] Maxime Vachier-Lagrave (third in the World Cup, third in the Grand Prix, fifth on the rating list); Kirill Alekseenko (highest non-qualifier in the Grand Swiss and also played in the World Cup); Shakhriyar Mamedyarov (sixth on the rating list, played in the World Cup and Grand Prix) and Levon Aronian (tenth on the rating list, played in the World Cup and Grand Prix). Viswanathan Anand was ninth on the rating list but only participated in the Grand Swiss, and thus was ineligible to be picked as the wild card player.

On 11 November 2019, Andrey Filatov, the president of the Russian Chess Federation, announced the intention to use the wild card to choose a Russian player, stating: "The decision to host this event in Russia guarantees that there will be a Russian player participating. We’re still considering different options how we’ll choose a Russian wild-card, but it will probably be a match or match-tournament with Kirill Alekseenko [...]."[2] At the time of the announcement no Russian had qualified for the Candidates; and Alekseenko, Grischuk and Nepomniachtchi were sure to be eligible for the wild card, although the latter two also had a chance to qualify via the Grand Prix.

On 22 December 2019, the Grand Prix results were finalised, with Grischuk and Nepomniachtchi qualifying, meaning Alekseenko was the only Russian eligible for the wild card.[14][15]

On 23 December 2019, the Russian Chess Federation officially nominated Kirill Alekseenko as the wild card.[11]

On the same day, managers of Maxime Vachier-Lagrave expressed their concern with the current FIDE rules in an open letter to the Russian Chess Federation, asking to organize a match between Vachier-Lagrave and Alekseenko for their wild card placement,[16] on the basis that Vachier-Lagrave was eligible for the wild card in three different ways.[17] However, Alekseenko was confirmed as the wild card. Alekseenko himself encouraged the abolition of the wild card in a later interview.[18]

Organization[edit]

The tournament was an eight player, double round-robin tournament, meaning there were 14 rounds with each player facing each other twice: once with the black pieces and once with the white pieces. The tournament winner qualified to play Magnus Carlsen for the World Championship late in 2021.

Regulations[edit]

The time control was 100 minutes for the first 40 moves, 50 minutes for the next 20 moves and then 15 minutes for the rest of the game; plus a 30-second increment per move starting from move 1.

In the event of a tie, tie breaks were applied in the following order: 1) head-to-head score among tied players, 2) total number of wins, 3) Sonneborn–Berger score (SB), 4) rapid chess tie-break games (for first place only). If more than two players were tied for first after the first three tie-break methods, then the two players to play the tie-break were to be decided by lot.[7]

The prize money was: €48,000 for first place, €36,000 for second place, €24,000 for third place (with players on the same number of points sharing prize money, irrespective of tie-breaks); plus €7,000 per point for every player; giving a total prize pool of €500,000.[7]

Schedule[edit]

FIDE announced the pairings on 14 February 2020.[19] The original schedule had the final round on April 3 and the closing ceremony on April 4, 2020. The revised schedule was announced on February 16, 2021.[4]

All games began at 16:00 local time (11:00 UTC), except Round 14, which began at 15:00 local time (10:00 UTC).[20]

Players from the same country must play each other in the earlier rounds: Ding Liren and Wang Hao played each other in rounds 1 and 8; while Grischuk, Nepomniachtchi and Alekseenko played each other in rounds 1 to 3 and rounds 8 to 10.[7]

Date Day Event
16 March 2020 Monday Opening ceremony
17 March 2020 Tuesday Round 1
18 March 2020 Wednesday Round 2
19 March 2020 Thursday Round 3
20 March 2020 Friday Rest day
21 March 2020 Saturday Round 4
22 March 2020 Sunday Round 5
23 March 2020 Monday Round 6
24 March 2020 Tuesday Rest day
25 March 2020 Wednesday Round 7
Date Day Event
19 April 2021 Monday Round 8
20 April 2021 Tuesday Round 9
21 April 2021 Wednesday Round 10
22 April 2021 Thursday Rest day
23 April 2021 Friday Round 11
24 April 2021 Saturday Round 12
25 April 2021 Sunday Rest day
26 April 2021 Monday Round 13
27 April 2021 Tuesday Round 14
28 April 2021 Wednesday Tie breaks (if required)
Closing ceremony

Impact of coronavirus on the tournament[edit]

Ding Liren and Wang Hao[edit]

The COVID-19 pandemic, which was mainly confined to China in January and early February 2020, affected the preparation of the Chinese players, Wang Hao and Ding Liren. On February 10, both players admitted that they cancelled their training camps and had to prepare online with their assistants: Ding Liren was training in his home city of Wenzhou; while Wang Hao was out of China, and planned to only briefly return to China before the Candidates.[21][22] Wang Hao later decided to not return to China at all before the tournament.[23]

On February 19, Russia announced a partial ban on Chinese nationals entering the country due to the coronavirus outbreak in China.[24] FIDE announced that the Chinese delegation was travelling on humanitarian visas and therefore would be permitted to enter Russia, but they were advised to come "well in advance" before the tournament.[23]

On March 2, Ding Liren and his team passed the Russian border control in Moscow and went to an isolated cottage house at the outskirts of Moscow, for two weeks of medical quarantine and observation before the start of the tournament.[25]

Radjabov withdraws, replaced by Vachier-Lagrave[edit]

On March 6, citing concerns over the COVID-19 pandemic and FIDE's handling of the related risk-management, Teimour Radjabov withdrew from the tournament. His place was filled by Maxime Vachier-Lagrave, as he was next on the qualifier by rating list.[9][10]

Radjabov had asked FIDE to postpone the event due to the coronavirus outbreak.[26] FIDE responded that this could not be done "legally and practically",[27] and gave Radjabov until March 6 to confirm his participation; Radjabov responded by formally withdrawing.[27]

FIDE's new regulations on playing conditions[edit]

On March 7, FIDE announced that the tournament could only be postponed by order of the Russian authorities,[28] and stated this again on March 14: ″It is not the responsibility of FIDE to cancel FIDE-rated tournaments in any given Federation. Each Federation may take their own decisions ...″[29]

FIDE also announced health and safety measures, including screening of visitors for body temperature, and making handshakes optional.[28][30]

If one of the players would test positive for COVID-19, the tournament would be stopped immediately and resumed later in the year, with points counting from games already played.[31]

FIDE suspends the tournament[edit]

The first seven rounds proceeded as scheduled, between March 17 and March 25, with round eight scheduled for March 26. But on March 26, the Russian government announced an interruption of air traffic with foreign countries, taking effect on March 27. This prompted FIDE to suspend the tournament on March 26, as FIDE could not guarantee players' and officials' return upon the completion of the tournament. Under the tournament conditions, the scores from the first seven rounds were retained.[32]

The status of Radjabov[edit]

As a consequence of the postponement, Radjabov called for his reinstatement in the tournament, as well as considering legal action under the circumstances he is not reinstated.[33] In a May 2020 interview, FIDE President Arkady Dvorkovich indicated that his preference was to give Radjabov a wildcard for the next cycle in 2022, subject to approval from the FIDE Council.[34]

In May 2021, FIDE confirmed that Radjabov was a qualifier for the 2022 Candidates Tournament.[35]

Resumption of the tournament[edit]

A resumption was initially announced by FIDE on 8 September 2020. The tournament was re-scheduled in the same host city of Yekaterinburg with the 8th round starting on 1 November 2020. Tbilisi, Georgia, was named as a reserve venue.[36]

However on 16 October 2020, FIDE postponed the resumption of the tournament, until the (northern hemisphere) spring of 2021. This was due to ongoing concerns about COVID-19, as well as the fact that the championship match with Carlsen was scheduled for November to December 2021, so it was not necessary to conclude the Candidates in 2020.[37] Dvorkovich said that Yekaterinburg was still the likely venue.[38]

On 16 February 2021, FIDE announced that the second half of the tournament would be played between April 19 and 28, in Yekaterinburg.[4]

Results[edit]

Standings[edit]

Standings of the 2020–21 Candidates Tournament
Rank Player Score H2H Wins SB Qualification IN MVL Giri FC Ding AG KA Wang
1  Ian Nepomniachtchi (RUS) 8.5 5 55 Advance to title match ½ 0 ½ 1 ½ ½ 1 0 ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 1
2  Maxime Vachier-Lagrave (FRA) 8 4 53.75 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 1 ½ ½ 0 1 ½ 1 ½
3  Anish Giri (NED) 7.5 1.5 4 50.5 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 1 ½ ½ 0 0 1 1 ½
4  Fabiano Caruana (USA) 7.5 0.5 3 50.5 ½ ½ 1 ½ 0 ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ 1
5  Ding Liren (CHN) 7 1.5 4 48.75 1 0 ½ 0 ½ 0 1 ½ 1 ½ ½ 1 0 ½
6  Alexander Grischuk (RUS) 7 0.5 2 50.5 ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ 0 ½ ½
7  Kirill Alekseenko (RUS) 5.5 2 38.5 ½ 0 ½ 0 0 1 ½ 0 0 ½ 1 ½ ½ ½
8  Wang Hao (CHN) 5 1 34.5 0 0 ½ 0 ½ 0 0 ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ ½
Source: Official website Chess.com
Rules for classification: 1) points; 2) head-to-head score among tied players; 3) total number of wins; 4) Sonneborn–Berger score (SB); 5) tie-break games.[7]

Note: Numbers in the crosstable in a white background indicate the result playing the respective opponent with the white pieces (black pieces if on a black background).

Overview[edit]

Nepomniachtchi took an early lead with wins in rounds 1, 5 and 6, but was caught by Vachier-Lagrave, who defeated him in round 7. The tournament was halted at the halfway point, with every player having played each other once. Vachier-Lagrave and Nepomniachtchi shared the lead on 4½/7, with Vachier-Lagrave's win in their individual game putting him provisionally ahead on tie-breaks. A point behind on 3½ were Caruana, Giri, Grischuk and Wang Hao. Ding Liren, who was one of the pre-tournament favourites, started the tournament badly with two consecutive losses, and shared last place on 2½ with Alekseenko.

When the tournament resumed, Caruana defeated Vachier-Lagrave in round 8, and Nepomniachtchi was again the sole leader, a lead he extended to one point with a win over Alekseenko in round 10. Giri moved to within half a point of the lead (but with a worse tie-break than Nepomniachtchi) with wins over Wang Hao and Ding Liren in rounds 9 and 11. In round 12 Giri faced third-placed Caruana, in a game which both needed to win;[39] Giri won, but Nepomniachtchi won against Wang Hao and kept his half-point lead; giving lead standings of Nepomniachtchi 8, Giri 7½, and Vachier-Lagrave 6½.

In round 13, both Giri (against Grischuk) and Vachier-Lagrave (against Nepomniachtchi) played for wins with the black pieces, but both obtained inferior positions. When Nepomniachtchi saw that Giri was losing, he offered Vachier-Lagrave a draw, which was accepted.[40] This left the standings at Nepomniachtchi 8½, Giri 7½, Vachier-Lagrave and Caruana 7. With a superior tie break due to his 1½–½ head-to-head score against Giri, Nepomniachtchi won the tournament with one round to spare.

Results by round[edit]

First named player is white. 1–0 indicates a white win, 0–1 indicates a black win, and ½–½ indicates a draw. Numbers in parentheses show players' scores prior to the round.

Round 1 – 17 March 2020
Maxime Vachier-Lagrave (0) Fabiano Caruana (0) ½–½
Ding Liren (0) Wang Hao (0) 0–1
Anish Giri (0) Ian Nepomniachtchi (0) 0–1
Alexander Grischuk (0) Kirill Alekseenko (0) ½–½
Round 2 – 18 March 2020
Fabiano Caruana (½) Kirill Alekseenko (½) 1–0
Ian Nepomniachtchi (1) Alexander Grischuk (½) ½–½
Wang Hao (1) Anish Giri (0) ½–½
Maxime Vachier-Lagrave (½) Ding Liren (0) 1–0
Round 3 – 19 March 2020
Ding Liren (0) Fabiano Caruana (1½) 1–0
Anish Giri (½) Maxime Vachier-Lagrave (1½) ½–½
Alexander Grischuk (1) Wang Hao (1½) ½–½
Kirill Alekseenko (½) Ian Nepomniachtchi (1½) ½–½
Round 4 – 21 March 2020
Fabiano Caruana (1½) Ian Nepomniachtchi (2) ½–½
Wang Hao (2) Kirill Alekseenko (1) ½–½
Maxime Vachier-Lagrave (2) Alexander Grischuk (1½) ½–½
Ding Liren (1) Anish Giri (1) ½–½
Round 5 – 22 March 2020
Anish Giri (1½) Fabiano Caruana (2) ½–½
Alexander Grischuk (2) Ding Liren (1½) ½–½
Kirill Alekseenko (1½) Maxime Vachier-Lagrave (2½) ½–½
Ian Nepomniachtchi (2½) Wang Hao (2½) 1–0
Round 6 – 23 March 2020
Alexander Grischuk (2½) Fabiano Caruana (2½) ½–½
Kirill Alekseenko (2) Anish Giri (2) 0–1
Ian Nepomniachtchi (3½) Ding Liren (2) 1–0
Wang Hao (2½) Maxime Vachier-Lagrave (3) ½–½
Round 7 – 25 March 2020
Fabiano Caruana (3) Wang Hao (3) ½–½
Maxime Vachier-Lagrave (3½) Ian Nepomniachtchi (4½) 1–0
Ding Liren (2) Kirill Alekseenko (2) ½–½
Anish Giri (3) Alexander Grischuk (3) ½–½
Round 8 – 19 April 2021
Fabiano Caruana (3½) Maxime Vachier-Lagrave (4½) 1–0
Wang Hao (3½) Ding Liren (2½) ½–½
Ian Nepomniachtchi (4½) Anish Giri (3½) ½–½
Kirill Alekseenko (2½) Alexander Grischuk (3½) 1–0
Round 9 – 20 April 2021
Kirill Alekseenko (3½) Fabiano Caruana (4½) ½–½
Alexander Grischuk (3½) Ian Nepomniachtchi (5) ½–½
Anish Giri (4) Wang Hao (4) 1–0
Ding Liren (3) Maxime Vachier-Lagrave (4½) ½–½
Round 10 – 21 April 2021
Fabiano Caruana (5) Ding Liren (3½) ½–½
Maxime Vachier-Lagrave (5) Anish Giri (5) ½–½
Wang Hao (4) Alexander Grischuk (4) ½–½
Ian Nepomniachtchi (5½) Kirill Alekseenko (4) 1–0
Round 11 – 23 April 2021
Ian Nepomniachtchi (6½) Fabiano Caruana (5½) ½–½
Kirill Alekseenko (4) Wang Hao (4½) ½–½
Alexander Grischuk (4½) Maxime Vachier-Lagrave (5½) 1–0
Anish Giri (5½) Ding Liren (4) 1–0
Round 12 – 24 April 2021
Fabiano Caruana (6) Anish Giri (6½) 0–1
Ding Liren (4) Alexander Grischuk (5½) 1–0
Maxime Vachier-Lagrave (5½) Kirill Alekseenko (4½) 1–0
Wang Hao (5) Ian Nepomniachtchi (7) 0–1
Round 13 – 26 April 2021
Wang Hao (5) Fabiano Caruana (6) 0–1
Ian Nepomniachtchi (8) Maxime Vachier-Lagrave (6½) ½–½
Kirill Alekseenko (4½) Ding Liren (5) 0–1
Alexander Grischuk (5½) Anish Giri (7½) 1–0
Round 14 – 27 April 2021
Fabiano Caruana (7) Alexander Grischuk (6½) ½–½
Anish Giri (7½) Kirill Alekseenko (4½) 0–1
Ding Liren (6) Ian Nepomniachtchi (8½) 1–0
Maxime Vachier-Lagrave (7) Wang Hao (5) 1–0

Points by round[edit]

For each player, the difference between wins and losses after each round is shown. The players with the highest difference for each round are marked with green background. The players with no more chance of advancing to the title match, in each round, are marked with red background.

Final
rank
Player Rounds
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
1  Ian Nepomniachtchi (RUS) +1 +1 +1 +1 +2 +3 +2 +2 +2 +3 +3 +4 +4 +3
2  Maxime Vachier-Lagrave (FRA) = +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +2 +1 +1 +1 = +1 +1 +2
3  Anish Giri (NED) −1 −1 −1 −1 −1 = = = +1 +1 +2 +3 +2 +1
4  Fabiano Caruana (USA) = +1 = = = = = +1 +1 +1 +1 = +1 +1
5  Ding Liren (CHN) −1 −2 −1 −1 −1 −2 −2 −2 −2 −2 −3 −2 −1 =
6  Alexander Grischuk (RUS) = = = = = = = −1 −1 −1 = −1 = =
7  Kirill Alekseenko (RUS) = −1 −1 −1 −1 −2 −2 −1 −1 −2 −2 −3 −4 −3
8  Wang Hao (CHN) +1 +1 +1 +1 = = = = −1 −1 −1 −2 −3 −4

Books[edit]

  • Grandmaster Dorian Rogozenco (2021). Eight Good Men: The 2020-2021 Candidates Tournament. [Limited Liability Company Elk and Ruby Publishing House]. ISBN 978-5604-17707-5.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "FIDE Confirms Nepomniatchi's Victory". Twitter. Retrieved 26 April 2021.
  2. ^ a b Dates for the Candidates and the 44th Chess Olympiad announced, FIDE, 12 Nov 2019
  3. ^ "Breaking News: FIDE stops the Candidates Tournament!". Chess News. 26 March 2020. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  4. ^ a b c FIDE resumes the Candidates Tournament, FIDE, February 16, 2021
  5. ^ Candidates Round 14: Ding, MVL and Alekseenko finish on a high note, Chessbase, April 28, 2021
  6. ^ Bidding Procedure for the FIDE Candidates' Tournament 2020, FIDE, 8 March 2020
  7. ^ a b c d e f Regulations for the FIDE Candidates Tournament 2020, FIDE
  8. ^ Top 100 Players March 2020 - Archive, FIDE
  9. ^ a b c "Teimour Radjabov to be replaced by Maxime Vachier-Lagrave in the Candidates Tournament". FIDE. 6 March 2020.
  10. ^ a b c "MVL to play the Candidates instead of Radjabov". chess24.com. 6 March 2020.
  11. ^ a b “Ruchess - Statement of the CFR President:"Andrey Filatov: Kirill Alekseenko to Get Wild Card from Organizer of FIDE Candidates Tournament (23 December, 2019)”
  12. ^ FIDE Top 100 lists for 2019: February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December; January 2020
  13. ^ Chess: France’s top player clings to a slender hope of Candidates place, Leonard Barden, The Guardian, 20 Dec 2019
  14. ^ Chess: France’s top player clings to a slender hope of Candidates place, Leonard Barden, The Guardian, 20 December 2019
  15. ^ Ian Nepomniachtchi wins Jerusalem Grand Prix, qualifies to Candidates, Chessbase, December 23, 2019
  16. ^ Vachier-Lagrave appeals for Candidates wild card, Chessbase, December 23, 2019
  17. ^ Doggers (PeterDoggers), Peter. "Alekseenko's Candidates Participation Confirmed As MVL Appeals With Open Letter". Chess.com. Retrieved 23 December 2019.
  18. ^ McGourty, Colin (9 February 2020). "Alekseenko: "The Candidates wild card should be abolished"". chess24.
  19. ^ FIDE Candidates Tournament 2020: Full pairings announced, FIDE, 14 Feb 2020
  20. ^ About, FIDE Candidates 2020, FIDE
  21. ^ Coronavirus Affecting Chinese Candidates Preparation, chess.com, Feb 10 2020
  22. ^ Corona virus threatening the Candidates: Can Ding Liren and Wang Hao make it?, Perlen vom Bodensee – das Schachmagazin, Feb 4 2020
  23. ^ a b Statement regarding the Chinese delegation for the Candidates tournament, FIDE, 19 Feb 2020
  24. ^ https://apnews.com/53807043ed9717cef57be773c181b60d Russia to let in Chinese with business visas amid entry ban, Associated Press, February 20, 2020
  25. ^ FIDE announcement, Twitter, March 3, 2020
  26. ^ Radjabov withdraws from Candidates, Vachier-Lagrave to jump in, Chessbase, March 6, 2020
  27. ^ a b Regarding my withdrawal from the tournament..., Teymur Rajabov, Instagram, March 7, 2020
  28. ^ a b Health and safety measures at the FIDE Candidates Tournament, FIDE, 7 March 2020
  29. ^ FIDE Qualification Commission: Coronavirus Announcement, FIDE, 14 March 2020
  30. ^ FIDE Candidates Tournament starts in Yekaterinburg on March 16, FIDE, 13 March 2020
  31. ^ The #Candidates2020 protocol for coronavirus is as follows:, Ian Rogers, Twitter, March 18, 2020
  32. ^ "FIDE stops the Candidates Tournament". FIDE. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  33. ^ Doggers (PeterDoggers), Peter. "Teimour Radjabov: "I should consult a lawyer"". Chess.com. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  34. ^ "FIDE Chess.com Online Nations Cup - Drawing of Lots, 43:50 to 44:20". Chess.com Youtube Channel. 4 May 2020. Retrieved 8 September 2020.
  35. ^ FIDE announces qualification paths for Candidates Tournament 2022, FIDE, 25 May 2021
  36. ^ "FIDE announces resumption of Candidates Tournament". FIDE. 8 September 2020. Retrieved 8 September 2020.
  37. ^ "The second leg of the Candidates Tournament is postponed to the spring of 2021". FIDE. 16 October 2020. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
  38. ^ Arkady Dvorkovich on Candidates: "It was a tough call", FIDE, 23 Oct 2020
  39. ^ Giri beats Caruana and leader Nepomniachtchi beats Wang Hao in Candidates Round 12, The Week in Chess, 24 April 2021
  40. ^ Ian Nepomniachtchi wins the 2021 Candidates tournament with a round to spare, The Week in Chess, 26 April 2021

External links[edit]