Candide, Part II

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Candide, or Optimism
Author perhaps Thorel de Campigneulles or Henri Joseph Du Laurens
Original title Candide, ou l'Optimisme
Country France
Language French
Genre Satire, Picaresque novel
Publication date

Candide, or Optimism — Part II is an apocryphal picaresque novel, possibly written by Thorel de Campigneulles (1737–1809) or Henri Joseph Du Laurens (1719–1797), published in 1760.[1] Candide[2] was written by Voltaire and had been published a year earlier (1759). This work was banned and became popular enough that pirated versions started to appear.[3][clarify] The second part was attributed to both Campigneulles—"a now largely unknown writer of third-rate moralising novels;" and Laurens—who is suspected of having habitually plagiarised Voltaire. The story continued with Candide new adventures in the Ottoman Empire, Persia, and Denmark.[4] A new scholarly edition with introduction and notes all in French was produced in 2003 by Edouard Langille (see References), and in 2007, Langille also edited Candide en Dannemarc (Candide in Denmark), which takes up the story following Candide, Part II.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Candide, VIII, IX
  2. ^ Candide, or Optimism[dead link]
  3. ^ Candide, VIII
  4. ^ Astbury, Kate (April 2005). "Candide, ou l'optimisme, seconde partie (1760) / Jean-François Marmontel: un intellectuel exemplaire au siècle des Lumières". Modern Language Review. Modern Humanities Research Association. 100 (2): 503. EBSCO Accession Number 16763209.


  • Clark, Roger. Candide, Wordsworth Classics ISBN 978-1-85326-063-6
  • Langille, Edouard (ed). Candide, seconde partie [1760]. Great Britain: University of Exeter Press, 2003.