Candy Candy

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Candy Candy
Candy c.jpg
The first volume of Candy Candy, featuring Candy on the cover
(Kyandi Kyandi)
GenreRomance, historical drama
Written byKyoko Mizuki
PublishedApril 1975
Written byKyoko Mizuki
Illustrated byYumiko Igarashi
Published byKodansha, Chuokoronsha
Original runApril 1975March 1979
Anime television series
Directed byHiroshi Shidara
Tetsuo Imazawa
Produced byKanetake Ochiai
Shinichi Miyazaki
Yuyake Usui
Written byNoboru Shiroyama
Shun'ichi Yukimuro
Music byTakeo Watanabe
StudioToei Animation
Original networkTV Asahi
Original run 1 October 1976 2 February 1979
Episodes115 (List of episodes)
Anime film
Candy Candy (Original film)
Released17 July 1977
Runtime20 minutes
Anime film
Candy Candy: The Call of Spring/The May Festival
Directed byNoboru Shiroyama
Music byTakeo Watanabe
StudioToei Animation
Released18 March 1978
Runtime25 minutes
Anime film
Candy Candy's Summer Vacation
Directed byYukio Kazama
Produced byChiaki Imada
Music byTakeo Watanabe
StudioToei Animation
Released22 July 1978
Runtime15 minutes
Anime film
Candy Candy the Movie
Directed byTetsuo Imazawa
Produced byChiaki Imada
Music byTakeo Watanabe
StudioToei Animation
Released25 April 1992
Runtime26 minutes
Wikipe-tan face.svg Anime and Manga portal

Candy Candy (キャンディ・キャンディ, Kyandi Kyandi) is a Japanese historical romance novel, manga, and a classic anime series.[1] The main character, Candice "Candy" White Adley is a blonde girl with freckles, large emerald green eyes and long hair, worn in pigtails with bows. Candy Candy first appeared in a prose novel by famed Japanese writer Keiko Nagita under the pen name Kyoko Mizuki in April 1975.[2] When Mizuki joined forces with manga artist Yumiko Igarashi, the Japanese magazine Nakayoshi became interested in Candy Candy. The series was serialized as a manga series in the magazine for four years[2] and won the 1st Kodansha Manga Award for shōjo in 1977.[3] The story was adapted into an anime series by Toei Animation.[2] There are also four animated short films.


The Candy Candy manga provides a story in the shōjo genre. Candy, an abandoned orphan taken in by the orphanage Pony's Home near Lake Michigan around the start of the 20th century,[4] spent the first years of her life at the orphanage, to where she would often return to repose and to decide her next course in life. When Annie, her best friend at the orphanage, was adopted, she ran outside crying, and met briefly a beautiful girl who told her not to cry. Candy retained fond memories of the beautiful girl and, not knowing her name, remembered her as the "Beauty on the Hill". The beautiful girl will have great influence and importance in her life later on.

When she turned 12, Candy was taken in by the Leagan family as a companion for their Leagan family daughter, Eliza and her brother of Leagan family son, Neil. The Leagans treated her poorly and eventually made Candy a servant girl. When the Leagan family accused Candy of stealing and sent her off to work in their family farm in Mexico, Candy was rescued from being sent to Mexico by William Adley, the sole heir of the very wealthy Adley family and the owner of the Adley estate. William Adley became Candy's adoptive father, but his true identity remained a mystery and she would not meet him until the end of the story. He was also the uncle of Candy's first love, Anthony Brown, and a relative of Anthony's cousins, the Cornwell brothers Archibald (Archie) and Alistair (Stear), as well as the Leagan children.

Later on, Anthony died in a hunting accident when he was thrown off the horseback. Thereafter, Candy, along with Archie and Stear, and the Leagan children, were sent to London to attend the prestigious St. Paul's College, a secondary school, where she met the rebellious bad boy Terrance (Terrius/Terry) Grandchester, the illegitimate child of a British Duke with American Broadway actress Eleanor Baker. Candy once saw him crying on the same boat she was taking to London from America. Terry was her second and grand love (in the words of the author Keiko Nagita/Kyoko Mizuki in the essays found on Misaki's website,[5] "the great love that cannot bear fruit". Circumstances divided the pair when Eliza Leagan schemed to have Candy expelled from St. Paul's by manipulating them into a scandal.

After the scandal, Terry left St. Paul's to protect Candy's reputation, but Candy also decided to leave. They would both embark on their individual life journeys forward in the United States, where Candy trained to become a nurse in Chicago around the time of World War I,[4] and Terry pursued a career as a rising star actor on Broadway in New York. An actress in his theater troupe, Susanna, became attracted to Terry and believed she loved him. During a rehearsal session, an accident occurred and Susanna saved Terry's life, but in the process became disabled. Her injury destroyed her acting career. Her mother demanded that Terry takes care of her for the rest of her life. Susanna herself became depressed and attempted suicide, knowing that Terry loved Candy and did not love her. Feeling responsible, Terry was torn between reuniting with Candy and his duty to care for Susanna. When Candy discovered what happened, she decided to sacrifice her own happiness and left Terry, so Terry could remain with Susanna, even though Terry did not love Susanna[6] and was deeply in love with Candy.

Afterwards, Candy returned to Chicago to continue her life. By chance, she became the nurse and caretaker to Susanna Marlow, who lost her memories after a World War I related bomb explosion on a train in Italy. Susanna ultimately regained her memories and revealed her true identity to Candy. At the end of the story, Candy discovered that she was the Beauty on the Hill. In Italy, however, the anime's ending was changed, and Candy and Terry meet again at a train station deciding to stay together.

In 2010 the novel "Candy Candy The Final Story" written by Mizuki using her real name Keiko Nagita, Candy discovers that Anthony has died and Terrence writes her a letter to say that for him nothing has changed, leaving hope that they will reunite.

There were some plot and character differences between the manga and the anime:[citation needed] Candy's age was different for several events when she grew up at Pony's Home. In the manga, she was six or seven years old when she met her Princess of the Hill, but was ten in the anime. Her sidekick pet raccoon Kurin/Clint belonged solely to the anime version.


Kyoko Mizuki's (the pen name of Keiko Nagita) Candy Candy novel, consisting of three volumes, has piqued the interest of Candy Candy fans outside Japan for some years. This novel was only available in Japan and published in Japanese.

Of particular interest is the 3rd volume, which covers the period after the events chronicled in the manga and anime.[7] The novels have been translated in their entirety by Western fans but the translations confirmed that, true to her artistic form, Kyoko Mizuki did not provide concrete closure to the story. Yet, in the last letter that closed out the novel, Candy was still an optimistic, life-loving and cheerful heroine.

In 2010, Kyoko Mizuki, under her real name Keiko Nagita, revised and published the "Candy Candy Final Story" (CCFS). CCFS was published in two volumes and not three volumes as the earlier novels. She announced that this was her effort to tell the story as she always intended from the beginning, without the influence of the manga illustrator or the manga production team.[8] Most of the plot of the story remained the same. Changes were made mainly to details of descriptions to scenes. Mizuki also replaced the children hiragana form writing of the earlier novels with more mature kanji form of the writing, and made the style of CCFS more poetic. She did, however, add a few major new developments to CCFS. In CCFS, Susanna had died from illness eight years after Candy and Terry separated. Terry wrote a letter to Candy to reach out to her. It is not said in CCFS whether Candy responded to his letter, but Nagita left open the door for their reunion.[citation needed] She also added a final scene where Candy, in her thirties and living in England, greets her beloved. The man's name was not revealed, but Nagita said that she was satisfied with knowing that Candy now lived a happy life with the man.

In 2015, the Italian publisher Kappalab obtained the copyright to publish CCFS in its entirety in Italian. The first volume was published in early 2015. The second volume was released in summer 2015.


Announcement of a new series appeared in the March 1975 issue of Nakayoshi. The first chapter was published in April 1975, and continued until the last chapter in March 1979. However, the story did not appear in the November 1975, December 1976, January 1978 and June 1978 issues. The manga was published in 9 volumes.


  • 1 (2 October 1975)[9]
  • 2 (8 March 1976)[10]
  • 3 (8 August 1976)[11]
  • 4 (8 December 1976)[12]
  • 5 (18 March 1977)[13]
  • 6 (18 September 1977)[14]
  • 7 (18 April 1978)[15]
  • 8 (18 November 1978)[16]
  • 9 (19 March 1979)[17]


After the manga had become popular among Japanese girls, an anime series was produced for NET (now known as TV Asahi) in 1976. The anime has 115 episodes which run for 25 minutes each. Although Candy Candy was an anime, it contained soap opera elements, and it had a story (like many anime series), so every chapter began where the last chapter had left off.

There are four animated short films: Candy Candy (1977),[18] Candy Candy: The Call of Spring/The May Festival (1978),[19] Candy Candy's Summer Vacation (1978)[20] and Candy Candy the Movie (1992).[21]


Live action[edit]


In 1981 the Drama/Family live action movie of the manga & anime has been produced by Chu-ji Choi, directed by In-hyeon Choi, and written by Man Izawa. Shin-hie Choi is starring, alongside Do-hie Kim, Hyo-jeong Eom, Bo-geun Song and Eun-suk Yu. Due to licensing issue, the movie only made it on domestic release.[22]

TV series[edit]

Sinemart as one of largest Indonesia production house made modern storytelling of Candy Candy with titled Candy drama series produced by Leo Sutanto & directed by Widi Wijaya airred on channel RCTI in 2007 starring Rachel Amanda, Nimaz Dewantary, Lucky Perdana & Bobby Joseph.[23]


Between 1998 and 2001, three lawsuits were settled between Kyoko Mizuki, Yumiko Igarashi and Toei Animation over the ownership of the Candy Candy copyrights.[2] In the 2000s, Candy Candy episodes began to be sold on bootleg DVD format, as the legal lawsuits between the authors halted any production of licensed goods.[2] In 2005 and 2006, illegal/unlicensed Candy box sets began to appear. The first being from France, included the French and Japanese dialogue. Two Korean box sets are now out of stock, they include the Japanese and Korean dialogue, and Korean subtitles. 20 discs altogether are divided into two box sets and available from HanBooks and Sensasian. Prior to the release, illegal/unlicensed Spanish DVD sets with poor audio and video were widely available on eBay. The illegal/unlicensed DVD set is issued in both Mandarin and Japanese with Chinese, English and Korean subtitles. On January 8, 2007, Chile A newspaper Las Últimas Noticias began issuing illegal/unlicensed DVDs of Candy Candy with its issues every Monday, with plans to continue to do so until all 115 episodes were released. In 2008, an illegal/unlicensed 115-episode DVD set was released in Taiwan.

In 1980, ZIV International acquired the U.S. rights to the series. The first two episodes were dubbed into English, with a new theme song and score created by in-house composer Mark Mercury. This was ultimately condensed into a straight-to-video production, released on tape in 1981 by Media Home Entertainment and then by Family Home Entertainment. It is unknown if any more episodes were dubbed for the American market. None of these have been subsequently reissued.




  1. ^ "Candy Candy vo". (in French). Retrieved 16 November 2014.
  2. ^ a b c d e Mays, Jonathan. "The Candy Candy Nightmare". Anime News Network. Retrieved 2007-04-08.
  3. ^ Hahn, Joel. "Kodansha Manga Awards". Comic Book Awards Almanac. Archived from the original on 2007-08-16. Retrieved 2007-08-21.
  4. ^ a b "Candy Candy". Retrieved 2007-04-08.
  5. ^
  6. ^ There is no such indication in any of the versions of the Candy Candy story (manga and novels) that Terry had such feelings and intentions for these two women.
  7. ^ "Candy Candy 2001". candycandy.fdns. Archived from the original on 2009-02-16. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
  8. ^ citation needed
  9. ^ "Candy Candy jp Vol.1". (in French). Retrieved 16 November 2014.
  10. ^ "Candy Candy jp Vol.2". (in French). Retrieved 16 November 2014.
  11. ^ "Candy Candy jp Vol.3". (in French). Retrieved 16 November 2014.
  12. ^ "Candy Candy jp Vol.4". (in French). Retrieved 16 November 2014.
  13. ^ "Candy Candy jp Vol.5". (in French). Retrieved 16 November 2014.
  14. ^ "Candy Candy jp Vol.6". (in French). Retrieved 16 November 2014.
  15. ^ "Candy Candy jp Vol.7". (in French). Retrieved 16 November 2014.
  16. ^ "Candy Candy jp Vol.8". (in French). Retrieved 16 November 2014.
  17. ^ "Candy Candy jp Vol.9". (in French). Retrieved 16 November 2014.
  18. ^ キャンディ・キャンディ (1977). allcinema (in Japanese). Stingray. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
  19. ^ キャンディ・キャンディ 春の呼び声 (1978). allcinema (in Japanese). Stingray. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
  20. ^ キャンディ・キャンディ キャンディ・キャンディの夏休み (1978). allcinema (in Japanese). Stingray. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
  21. ^ キャンディ・キャンディ (1992). allcinema (in Japanese). Stingray. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
  22. ^ "Candy Candy (1981) Korean live action movie adaptation".
  23. ^ "Candy (2007) Indonesian live action drama adaptation".
  24. ^ "J-Pop Talk Show". 15 October 2011.

External links[edit]