Cane Corso

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Cane Corso
CaneCorso (23).jpg
Other names
  • Cane Corso Italiano
OriginItaly
Traits
Height Dogs
62–70 cm (24–28 in)
Bitches
58–66 cm (23–26 in)
Weight Dogs
45–50 kg (99–110 lb)[1]
Bitches
40–45 kg (88–99 lb)[1]
Kennel club standards
Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia Italiana standard
FCI standard
Dog (domestic dog)

The Cane Corso[a] is an Italian breed of mastiff. It is usually kept as a companion dog or guard dog; it may also be used to protect livestock. In the past it was used for hunting large game, and also to herd cattle.

History[edit]

According to the breed standard of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale, the Cane Corso descends from the molossoid dogs of Ancient Rome; it was once distributed throughout much of the Italian peninsula, but in the recent past was found only in Puglia, in southern Italy.[1][2] After the collapse of the mezzadria system of share-cropping in the 1960s, the dogs became rare. The modern breed derives from selective breeding from about 1980 of a few surviving animals.[3] A breed society, the Società Amatori Cane Corso, was formed in 1983.[4]: 107 [5] The breed was recognised by the Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia Italiana in 1994;[3] it was provisionally accepted by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale in 1996, and received full acceptance in 2007.[6] It was recognised by the American Kennel Club of the United States in 2010.[7]

In the period 2011–2019 annual registrations in Italy were in the range of 3000–4250.[8]

Characteristics[edit]

The Cane Corso is a large dog of molossoid type, and is closely related to the Neapolitan Mastiff. It is well muscled[7] and less bulky than most other mastiff breeds. According to the international standard, dogs should stand some 62–70 cm at the withers and weigh 45–50 kg; bitches are about 4 cm smaller, and weigh some 5 kg less.[1]

The head is large, slightly over one third of the height at the withers in length, with a well-defined stop. The top of the cranium is flat and slightly convergent to the muzzle. The eyes are oval in shape, and set well apart. The iris of the eye should be as dark as possible.[2]

The coat is short, dense and lustrous. It may be black, or various shades of grey (lead-grey, light grey or slate-grey) or fawn (dark fawn, light fawn, or stag red); it may be brindled. Minor white markings on the chest, the feet or the nose are tolerated.[1][2]

A 2017 study of 232 Cane Corso dogs from 25 countries found an average life span of 9.3 years, varying with different coat colours. The longest living were black brindle dogs (10.3 years) followed by brindle dogs (10.1 years), grey brindle dogs (9.8 years), fawn dogs (9.0 years), black dogs (9.0 years), grey dogs (9.0 years) and other colour dogs (8.1 years).[9]

Use[edit]

The Cane Corso is usually kept as a companion dog or guard dog; it may also be used to protect livestock. In the past it was used for hunting large game, and also to herd cattle.[8]

It is subject to a working trial: in order to qualify for registration, dogs must show tranquility in the presence of inoffensive strangers, indifference to gunfire, and aggressive defence of the owner against an attacker.[1][10]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Italian: [ˈkaːne ˈkɔrso], plural: Cani Corsi

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f FCI-Standard N° 343: Cane Corso Italiano (Italian Cane Corso). Fédération Cynologique Internationale. Archived 13 August 2021.
  2. ^ a b c Cane Corso (in Italian). Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia Italiana. Accessed August 2021.
  3. ^ a b S.P. Marelli, A. Monaghé, M. Polli, L. Guidobono Cavalchini (2003). Body measurements and morphological evaluation of Italian Cane Corso. Italian Journal of Animal Science 2 (supplement): 88–90. doi:10.4081/ijas.2003.11675924. (subscription required).
  4. ^ Rino Falappi (2009). Cani: Conoscere, riconoscere e allevare tutte le razze canine più note del mondo (in Italian). Novara: Istituto Geografico De Agostini. ISBN 9788841854068.
  5. ^ Cane corso italiano (in Italian). Società Amatori Cane Corso. Archived 21 May 2021.
  6. ^ FCI breeds nomenclature: Cane Corso Italiano (343). Fédération Cynologique Internationale. Archived 5 July 2020.
  7. ^ a b Get to Know the Cane Corso. The American Kennel Club. Archived 19 May 2015.
  8. ^ a b Cane Corso (in Italian). Ente Nazionale della Cinofilia Italiana. Accessed August 2021.
  9. ^ Evžen Korec (2017). Longevity of Cane Corso Italiano dog breed and its relationship with hair colour. Open Veterinary Journal. 7 (2): 170–173. doi:10.4314/ovj.v7i2.15.
  10. ^ CAL (Certificato di attitudine al lavoro) (in Italian). Società Amatori Cane Corso. Archived 23 August 2021.