Cane River (Western Australia)

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Cane River
Country Australia
Basin
Main source Hamersley Range
382 m (1,253 ft)[1]
River mouth Indian Ocean
sea level
Basin size 2,290 square kilometres (884 sq mi)[2]
Physical characteristics
Length 168 km (104 mi)[3]
Discharge
  • Average rate:
    62 GL/a (69 cu ft/s)

The Cane River is a river in the Pilbara of Western Australia.

The headwaters of the river rise west of the Hamersley Range. The river flows in a north-westerly direction through the Cane River Conservation Park and over the Onslow Coastal Plain then discharges into the Indian Ocean near Yardie Landing approximately 35 kilometres (22 mi) north-east of Onslow.

The river is considered to be dendritic with no major tributaries, numerous wells exist within the catchment area. The river has one large permanent pool, Jabaddar Pool which is located downstream from the North West Coastal Highway.

The mouth of the river is a largely unmodified estuary that works as a function of tidal energy. The estuary covers a total area of 18 square kilometres (7 sq mi) that is mostly saltmarsh but with a small colony of mangroves.[4]

The river was named in 1866 by the explorer Harry Venn, the first European to discover the river, later was a member of the Forrest Ministry. He named the river after Charles Cane who was a member of Venn's expedition.

The waters have an average salinity of 90 mg/L and turbidity of 335 NTU.

The river has a large delta that is situated within the boundaries of Peedamulla Station. The river delta had become degraded as a result overgrazing particularly prior to 1970 when the station was running 100,000 head of sheep.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bonzle Digital Atlas – Map of Cane River". 2009. Retrieved 19 April 2009. 
  2. ^ "Surface Hdrology of the Pilbara Region" (PDF). 2007. Retrieved 19 April 2009. 
  3. ^ Western Australian Land Information Authority. "History of river names". Archived from the original on 16 February 2015. Retrieved 3 September 2011. 
  4. ^ "Estuary Assessment Framework for Non-Pristine Estuaries - Estuary 661 -Cane River". 2000. Retrieved 19 April 2009. 
  5. ^ T. Wiley; R Glover; P. Russell; T. Parker; D. Parker; M. Clinch; G. Woolston (2015). "Cattle, carbon, critters and culture – building a new rangelands" (PDF). Retrieved 17 December 2015. 

Coordinates: 21°32′54″S 115°22′45″E / 21.54833°S 115.37917°E / -21.54833; 115.37917