Cane di Oropa
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|Cane Pastore Biellese|
|Common nicknames||Cane di Oropa|
|Dog (domestic dog)|
The Cane Pastore Biellese (Cane di Oropa) is a mid-size yet powerful dog with plenty of stamina that is used in the Biella region of the Western Alps of Italy to drive flocks of sheep and herds of cattle.
In 2018 a genetic study found that, just prior to 1859, a broadly distributed European herding dog had given rise to the German Shepherd Dog, the French Berger Picard, and the five Italian herding breeds: the Bergamasco Shepherd, Cane Paratore, Lupino del Gigante, Cane di Oropa, and the Pastore della Lessinia e del Lagorai.
The Cane di Oropa is a working dog, very obedient and possessing great athletic ability, which is indispensable since the dog has to run up and down steep mountain slopes all day, managing the flock.
Many Cane di Oropa specimens are naturally bobtailed. The coat is short or medium-length and can be smooth or somewhat rough. The coat color is usually merle, merle with black and tan markings, black or different shades of brown. The eyes should be brown and blue eyes are considered a fault.
- Bigi, D.; Marelli, S.P.; Randi, E.; Polli, M. (6 August 2015). "Genetic characterization of four native Italian shepherd dog breeds and analysis of their relationship to cosmopolitan dog breeds using microsatellite markers" (PDF). Animal. 9 (12): 1921–1928. doi:10.1017/S1751731115001561. Retrieved 26 September 2020.
- Talenti, Andrea; Dreger, Dayna L; Frattini, Stefano; Polli, Michele; Marelli, Stefano; Harris, Alexander C; Liotta, Luigi; Cocco, Raffaella; Hogan, Andrew N; Bigi, Daniele; Caniglia, Romolo; Parker, Heidi G; Pagnacco, Giulio; Ostrander, Elaine A; Crepaldi, Paola (2018). "Studies of modern Italian dog populations reveal multiple patterns for domestic breed evolution". Ecology and Evolution. 8: 2911–2925. doi:10.1002/ece3.3842. PMC 5838073. PMID 29531705.
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