Canik became one of the four town municipalities under the patronage of Samsun Metropolitan Municipality in 1994. The region was largely settled by middle and lower working-class people in those days, but recent years made a big impact in the local economy. In 2009, Canik's status changed with other Metropolitan areas Ilkadim, Atakum and Tekkekoy, and it was turned into a borough instead of a small town.
It is located on the north, Black Sea coast of Turkey.
- "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.