Cankili II

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Cekaracacekaran IX
Cankili II
King of Jaffna
Reign 1617–1619
Predecessor Ethirimana Cinkam (Parasasekaran VIII)
Successor Portuguese conquest
Tamil சங்கிலி குமாரன்
Sinhala සංකිලි
House Aryacakravarti dynasty
Died 1623 (1624)
King Sangiliyan Statue in Jaffna

Cankili II (Tamil: சங்கிலி குமாரன்) (died 1623) was the self-proclaimed last king of the Jaffna kingdom and was a usurper who came to throne with a palace massacre of the royal princess and the regent Arasakesari in 1617. His regency was rejected by the Portuguese colonials in Colombo, Sri Lanka. He precipitated the end of the Jaffna kingdom by inviting military forces from Thanjavur Nayaks and Malabari Corsairs. He was defeated by the Portuguese in 1619 and was taken to Goa and hanged. With his death the Aryacakravarti line of Kings who had ruled the kingdom for over 300 years came to an end.[citation needed]

Precipitous actions[edit]

With the death of Ethirimana Cinkam in 1617, there were three claimants to the throne. One was Cankili II, a nephew of the king. The other the claimants were the king’s young son and a group of pro-Portuguese Mudaliyars. Eventually Cankili II became the king under the name Segarasasekaran VIII (1617–1619) through a palace massacre. As he was not able to get the Portuguese authorities in Mannar or Colombo to agree to his over rule and regency due to opposition for him from the pro Portuguese Mudaliars, he invited the Thanjavur Nayaks to send military help. He also allowed corsairs from Malabar to use a base in Neduntivu that posed a threat to Portuguese shipping through Palk Straight.


By June 1619, there were two Portuguese military expeditions to the Jaffna kingdom: a naval expedition that was repulsed by the Malabari corsairs, and a land expedition by Phillippe de Oliveira and his army of 5000, which was able to defeat Cankili. Cankili's remaining soldiers were beheaded by Portuguese, and Cankili himself was taken to Goa and hanged. The surviving members of the royal family were also taken to Goa and asked to become monks or nuns in the holy orders. Most obliged, and their celibacy avoided the production of further claimants to the Jaffna throne.[1][2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Abeysinghe, T Jaffna Under the Portuguese, p.58-63
  2. ^ Gnanaprakasar, S A critical history of Jaffna, p.153-172


Preceded by
Ethirimana Cinkam
Jaffna Kingdom
Succeeded by
Phelipe de Oliveira