|City of Canlaon|
Sunset taken at Kanlaon Volcano's slope
|Region||Central Visayas (Region VII)|
|District||1st district of Negros Oriental|
|Barangays||12 (see Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Panlungsod|
|• Mayor||Jimmy Jayme L. Clerigo|
|• Vice Mayor||Jose Chubasco Cardenas|
|• Electorate||29,753 voters (2016)|
|• Total||170.93 km2 (66.00 sq mi)|
|Population (2015 census)|
|• Density||320/km2 (830/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)35|
|Climate type||tropical climate|
|Income class||4th city income class|
Canlaon, officially the City of Canlaon, (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Canlaon; Hiligaynon: Dakbanwa/Syudad sang Canla-on; Filipino: Lungsod ng Canlaon), is a 4th class city in the province of Negros Oriental, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 54,509 people.
During the Second World War, the Japanese Imperial Army captured Canlaon City in April 1942, right after the Battle of Bataan. The Japanese occupation of the City ended in early 1945 when soldiers from the Eighth United States Army under Lieutenant General Robert Eichelberger including the 40th Infantry Division (United States) and the 23rd Infantry Division (United States), landed in Negros Island to drive out the Japanese. In liberating Negros Island, they were assisted by newly formed Philippine Commonwealth military forces & local Negrosanon guerillas who helped in clearing out Japanese pockets of resistance throughout the island. In fact, the honor of liberating Canlaon City from the Japanese went to Philippine Commonwealth soldiers belonging to the 7th, 71st, 73rd and 75th Infantry Regiments of the Philippine Army, the 7th Infantry Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary and Negrosanon Guerillas.
The Banyan Tree inside the OISCA Farm is estimated by botanists from Silliman University to be around 1,328 years old. It is home to lizards, bats, and many varieties of insects. It may be considered Canlaon City's main tourist attraction.
Canlaon City is politically subdivided into 12 barangays.
- Bucalan (East Budlasan)
- Mabigo (Poblacion – Canlaon Proper)
- Budlasan (West Budlasan)
|Population census of Canlaon|
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
- "City". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
- "Province:". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
- Census of Population (2015). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City and Municipality. NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011.
- "Province of". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Canlaon.|