Canley Vale, New South Wales
Sydney, New South Wales
Westacott Cottage, Railway Parade
|Population||10,216 (2016 census)|
|• Density||3,400/km2 (8,800/sq mi)|
|Area||3 km2 (1.2 sq mi)|
|Location||30 km (19 mi) south-west of Sydney CBD|
|LGA(s)||City of Fairfield|
Canley Vale is a suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Canley Vale is located 30 kilometres south-west of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the City of Fairfield and is part of the South-western Sydney region.
Aboriginal people from the Cabrogal tribe, a sub-group of the Gandangara tribe, have lived in the Fairfield area for over 30 000 years. Canley Vale was once a woodland area and was originally part of the Male Orphan School Estate.
In the 1800s, Sir Henry Parkes (1815–96) settled in the district in a mansion which he built near the railway line between Fairfield and Cabramatta. He named it Canley Grange after his birthplace in Warwickshire, England. He named the railway station Canley Moat House and had his own private landing beside the line.
"Vale" means valley or dale. Cabramatta and Canley Vale were regarded as a single community and from the 1920s it was known as Cabravale. In 1899, the municipality of Cabramatta and Canley Vale, which had been established in 1892, was redivided, and the two separate wards were gazetted on 8 January 1900. In 1948, they became part of the Fairfield local government area. Canley Vale’s first public school opened in 1884.
According to the 2016 census of Population, there were 10,216 residents in Canley Vale. 34.8% of people were born in Australia. The most common countries of birth were Vietnam 28.9%, Cambodia 6.0%, China (excludes SARs and Taiwan) 4.4%, Iraq 2.7% and Thailand 1.5%. 16.3% of people spoke only English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Vietnamese 35.5%, Cantonese 9.9%, Khmer 4.9%, Mandarin 4.8% and Arabic 3.6%. The most common responses for religion were Buddhism 37.1%, Catholic 18.0% and No Religion 17.8%. The most common ancestries were Vietnamese 29.0%, Chinese 22.5%, English 5.6%, Australian 5.3% and Khmer (Cambodian) 5.0%. 
Westacott Cottage on Railway Parade is the site of the Fairfield City Arts and Crafts Centre.
Sport and recreation
The Cabravale Leisure Centre is located close to the railway station in Broomfield Street, but is technically in the adjacent suburb of Cabramatta. It features a fitness centre including a 25-metre indoor pool and gymnasium and meeting rooms for various clubs and community groups, including a Vietnamese martial arts class.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Canley Vale (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
- The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Compiled by Frances Pollen, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1990, Published in Australia ISBN 0-207-14495-8
- "Fairfield City Council". Archived from the original on 2 November 2007. Retrieved 12 November 2007.
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