Canna virus

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The Canna genus is susceptible to certain plant viruses, which may result in spotted or streaked leaves, in a mild form, but can finally result in stunted growth and twisted and distorted blooms and foliage. Known species of virus are:

Known facts[edit]

Overall, very little is known about the Canna viruses, but the following points are generally accepted:

  • It manifests itself in rust coloured streaks or mottled markings on the leaves and in colour breaks on the flowers.
  • Sometimes leaves are slightly distorted and puckered.
  • Like many plants under stress, affected cannas will flower very early in the season and before the plant is full height.
  • Over the years the canna will lose vigour and become increasingly unsightly.
  • Some are spread by aphids and other sap sucking insects.
  • At one time it was thought that Cannas may have the ability to outgrow the virus, but that is not the case.
  • Most authorities advise to burn all affected cannas and start again.
  • Keep any new introductions well away from potentially infected stock.

References to CYMV[edit]

  • Lockhart BEL, 1988. Occurrence of Canna Yellow Mottle Virus in North America. Acta Horticolturae. 234, 69-72.
  • Lockhart BEL, 1990. Evidence for a Double-Stranded Circular DNA Genome in a second Group of Plant Viruses. The American Phytopathology Society, 80, No 2.
  • Momol MT., Lockhart BEL, Dankers H, Adkins S, 2004. Canna yellow mottle virus detected in canna in Florida. Online. Plant Health Progress doi:10.1094/PHP-2004-0809-01-HN.
  • Nodwora TC, Lochkart BEL, 2000. Development of a serological assay for detecting serologically diverse banana streak virus isolates. Acta Horticolturae 540, 377-388.
  • Yamashita S, Natsuaki T, Doi Y, Yora K, 1985. Canna yellow mottle virus, a non-enveloped small-bacilliform virus in Canna sp. Annals of Phytopathological Society of Japan 51, 642-646.

References to BYMV[edit]

  • Barnett, O.W., Randles, J.W. and Burrows, P.M. (1987). Phytopathology 77: 791.
  • Bays, D.C. and Demski, J.W. (1986). Plant Dis. 70: 667.
  • Bos, L. (1970). Neth. J. Pl. Path. 76: 8.
  • Bos, L. (1970). CMI/AAB Descr. Pl. Viruses No. 40, 4 pp.
  • Bos, L., Kowalska, C. and Maat, D.Z. (1974). Neth. J. Pl. Path. 80: 173.
  • Bos, L., Lindsten, K. and Maat, D.Z. (1977). Neth. J. Pl. Path. 83: 97.
  • Brierley, P. and Smith, F.F. (1948). Phytopathology 38: 230.
  • Doolittle, S.P. and Jones, F.R. (1925). Phytopathology 15: 763.
  • Edwardson, J.R. (1974). Fla Agric. Exp. Stn Monog. No. 5, p. 22.
  • Hampton, R., Beczner, L., Hagedorn, P., Bos, L., Inouye, T., Barnett, O.W., Musil, M. and Meiners, J. (1978). Phytopathology 68: 989.
  • Ghabrial, S.A., Pickard, C.M. and Stuckey, R.E. (1977). Pl. Dis. Reptr 61: 690.
  • Horváth, J. (1979a). Acta Phytopath. Acad. Sci. Hung. 14: 100.057.
  • Horváth, J. (1979b). Acta Phytopath. Acad. Sci. Hung. 14: 147.
  • Jones, R.T. and Diachun, S. (1977). Phytopathology 67: 831.
  • Johnstone, G.R. and McLean, GD (1987). Ann. appl. Biol. 110: 421.
  • Komuro, Y. and Iwaki, M. (1968). Ann. Phytopath. Soc. Japan 34: 7.
  • Lindsten, K., Brishammas, S. and Tominius, K. (1976). Meddn St. VäxtskAnst. 16: 289.
  • Lisa, V. and Dellavalle, G. (1987). Pl. Path. 36: 214.
  • McLaughlin, MR (1988). Plant Dis. 72: 539.
  • Moghal, SM and Francki, RIB. (1976). Virology 73: 350.
  • Moghal, SM and Francki, RIB. (1981). Virology 112: 210.
  • Nagel, J., Zettler, F.W. and Hiebert, E. (1983). Phytopathology 73: 449.
  • Paludan, N., Heide, M., Begtrup, J. and Borkhardt, B. (1988). Acta Hort. 234: 53.
  • Pierce, W.H. (1934). Phytopathology 24: 87.
  • Randles, J.W., Davies, J.W., Gibbs, AJ. and Hatta, T. (1980). Aust. J. biol. Sci. 33: 245.
  • Reddick, B.B. and Barnett, O.W. (1983). Phytopathology 73: 1506.
  • Schmelzer, K., Schmidt, H.E. and Beczner, L. (1973). Biol. Zbl. 92: 211.
  • Taraku, N., Juretic, N. and Milicic, D. (1977). Acta bot. Croat. 36: 47
  • Taylor, N.L., Ghabrial, S.A., Diachun, S. and Cornelius, P.L. (1986). Crop Science 26: 68.
  • Thornberry, HH (1966). In: Index of Plant Virus Diseases U.S. Dep. Agric. Hdbk No. 307.
  • Van Regenmortel, M.H.V. (1964). Virology 23: 495.
  • Wetter, C. (1960). Arch. Microbiol. 37: 278.

References to Tomato aspermy virus[edit]

  • Ainsworth, G.C. (1939). Rep. Exp. Res. Stn Cheshunt, 1938, p. 60.
  • Bernal, J.J., Moriones, E. and Garcia-Arenal, F. (1991). J. gen. Virol. 72: 2191.
  • Blencowe, J.W. and Caldwell, J. (1949). Ann. appl. Biol. 36: 320.
  • Brierley, P. (1955). Phytopathology 45: 2.
  • Brierley, P. and Lorentz, P. (1960). Phytopathology 50: 404.
  • Christie, R.G. and Edwardson, J.R. (1977). Fla Agric. Exp. Stn Monog. No. 9, p. 89.
  • Dunez, J. and Monsion, M. (1968). Annls. ?piphyt. 19: 165.
  • Govier, D.A. (1957). Ann. appl. Biol. 45: 62.
  • Grogan, R.G., Uyemoto, JK and Kimble, K.A. (1963). Virology 21: 36.
  • Habili, N. and Francki, RIB. (1974a). Virology 57: 392.
  • Habili, N. and Francki, RIB. (1974b). Virology 60: 29.
  • Hollings, M. (1955). Ann. appl. Biol. 43: 86.
  • Hollings, M. and Kassanis, B. (1957). J. R. hort. Soc. 82: 339.
  • Hollings, M. and Stone, O.M. (1969). Rep. Glasshouse Crops Res. Inst. 1967, p. 95.
  • Hollings, M and Stone, O.M. (1971). CMI/AAB Descr. Pl. Viruses No. 79, 4 pp.
  • Hollings, M., Stone, O.M. and Brunt, A.A. (1968). Rep. Glasshouse Crops Res. Inst. 1968, p. 95.
  • Hull, R. (1976). Virology 75: 18.
  • Kennedy, J.S., Day, MF and Eastop, V.F. (1962). A Conspectus of Aphids as Vectors of Plant Viruses. Comm. Inst. Ent., London.
  • Lot, H., Marrou, J., Quiot, J.B. and Esvan, C. (1972). Annls. Phytopath. 4: 25.
  • Marani, F. (1969). Phytopathol. Medit. 8: 142.
  • Moriones, E., Roossinck, M. and Garcia-Arenal, F. (1991). J. gen. Virol. 72: 779.
  • Noordam, D. (1952). Tijdschr. PlZiekt. 58: 121.
  • Noordam, D., Bijl, M., Overbeek, S.C. and Quiniones, S.S. (1965). Neth. J. Pl. Path. 71: 61.
  • O'Reilly, D., Thomas, C.J.R. and Coutts, RHA (1991). J. gen. Virol. 72: 1.
  • Oertel, C. (1967). Zbl. Bakt. ParasitKde. Abt. 2, 121: 276.
  • Stace-Smith, R. and Tremaine, J.H. (1973). Virology 51: 401.
  • Waterworth, H.E., Monroe, R.L. and Kahn, R.P. (1973). Phytopathology 63: 93.
  • Wilson, P.A. and Symons, RH (1981). Virology 112: 342.

References to CaYSV[edit]

  • "The Commercial Greenhouse Grower", UK, edition June 2007, page 5.

References to CMV[edit]

External links[edit]

See also[edit]