Cannabis in Bermuda

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Cannabis in Bermuda is legal for medical use and decriminalized for recreational use.

The Supreme Court of Bermuda ruled in favour of allowing the medical use of cannabis in November 2016. However, an importation limit of just 1 gram per year resulted in patients turning to the black market to purchase medicinal cannabis products. The limit was later increased although, individual patients must apply to import their own cannabis products.[1]

In 2017, Bermuda introduced the Decriminalization of Cannabis Amendment Act, which decriminalized simple possession of up to 7 grams of cannabis.[2]

In December 2019,the Bermudian government released a proposed draft Medicinal Cannabis Bill, along with licensing regulations. It would create the Medicinal Cannabis Authority, which would be tasked with regulating cultivation, import, export, manufacturing, research and development, and transport. It would also see a register of the strains that would be permitted, the various tiers of cultivation and the conditions licensees must adhere to, as well as the issuing of licenses and identification cards for all Bermudans taking part in the scheme.[3] Following public consultation of the bill that indicated that the territory should more broadly legalise and regulate cannabis, for medicinal and personal use, the bermudian government revised the bill and opened submissions from the public again.[4] On the 11th of December 2020 the bill was officially tabled in the house of assembly, Kathy Lynn Simmons, the Attorney-General and the Minister of Legal Affairs stated, “The presented Bill is the culmination of a comprehensive social justice reform project to liberalise our cannabis laws in line with global contemporary thought, scientific evidence and overwhelming public support.” Adding : “The Government is aware that this Bill placed before the House proposes to permit lawful uses of cannabis for personal adult-use, and by doing so it prescribes uses beyond ’medical and scientific use’ as sanctioned by the United Nations oversight bodies. “However, the Government is pursuing all diplomatic and legal options to deliver on its promise to our people. “We can be assured that the Bermuda Government is following in the wake of Canada and other jurisdictions who, by enacting domestic laws permitting personal adult-use of cannabis, are in ’respectful non-compliance’ with the international narcotics conventions without sanction."[5] The bill passed the house but was sent back to the house by the Senate after it failed a vote six votes against and five votes in support on the 3rd of march 2021.[6]

Medical use[edit]

In November 2016, the Supreme Court of Bermuda ruled in favor of allowing the medical use of cannabis.[7] As of July 2018, two doctors have been licensed to prescribe the drug.[8] Despite these reforms, legal medicinal cannabis was until recently impossible to obtain due to self-imposed restrictions with the United Nations. On March 30, 2020, these UN restrictions were relaxed to 2,000 grams per year with the potential for patients to import their own. These changes are likely to be expanded on with the upcoming Cannabis (Licensing and Control) Act 2020.[9] Otherwise, the Bermuda Government has not legislatively made steps towards ensuring legal medicinal importation, and with providing prescribed patient(s) with their medication.[10]


In December 2017, Bermuda passed legislation decriminalizing personal possession of 7 grams or less of cannabis.[11][12]


  1. ^ Green, Martin (2020-03-30). "Bermuda Increases Limits on Medical Cannabis Imports". Grizzle. Retrieved 2020-12-20.
  2. ^ Green, Martin (2020-03-30). "Bermuda Increases Limits on Medical Cannabis Imports". Grizzle. Retrieved 2020-12-20.
  3. ^ Green, Martin (2020-03-30). "Bermuda Increases Limits on Medical Cannabis Imports". Grizzle. Retrieved 2020-12-20.
  4. ^ Jaeger, Kyle (2020-06-05). "Bermuda Government Releases Marijuana Legalization Bill For Public Feedback". Marijuana Moment. Retrieved 2020-12-20.
  5. ^ Johnston-Barnes, Owain. "Legal cannabis law tabled in House of Assembly". Retrieved 2020-12-20.
  6. ^ Bell, Jonathan; Finighan, Gareth (2021-03-04). "Government suffers cannabis law defeat". Retrieved 2021-08-15.
  7. ^ Bell, Jonathan (November 25, 2016). "People can apply for medical cannabis". The Royal Gazette. Retrieved 27 October 2018.
  8. ^ Bell, Jonathan (July 25, 2018). "Weeks: we need to talk about cannabis". The Royal Gazette. Retrieved 27 October 2018.
  9. ^ Bell, Jonathan (March 30, 2020). "Limit on imported medical cannabis increased". The Royal Gazette. Retrieved March 30, 2020.
  10. ^ "Premier: Domestic Medicinal Cannabis Production". October 25, 2018. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  11. ^ Cannabis decriminalisation backed in Senate | The Royal Gazette:Bermuda News
  12. ^ House: cannabis decriminalisation passes | The Royal Gazette:Bermuda Politics