Canning Half Tide Dock
|Canning Half Tide Dock|
Looking towards the Pier Head across the dock
|Location||Liverpool, United Kingdom|
|Owner||Canal & River Trust|
|Type||Half tide dock|
|Area||2 acres (0.81 ha), 2,689 sq yd (2,248 m2)|
|Width at entrance||45 ft (14 m)|
|Quay length||429 yd (392 m)|
Canning Half Tide Dock on the River Mersey, in Liverpool, England, is a half tide dock and is part of the Port of Liverpool. It is situated in the southern dock system, connected to Canning Dock to the east and Albert Dock to the south.
The dock was originally the site of the Gut, the entrance to the Dry Dock which was later to become Canning Dock. Canning Half Tide Dock was built by Jesse Hartley between 1842 and 1844, also opening in 1844.
Originally having two 45 ft (14 m) lock entrances to the Mersey, the north gates were sealed with a concrete dam in 1937. The south gates are modified to accommodate a valve to admit river water. To the outside of the river entrances are two granite octagonal gatemen's shelters, also designed by Hartley. An island built of masonry, which has its own lighthouse, separates the river entrances.
Adjacent to the dock is the Pilotage Building, which opened in 1883 to manage the river's pilot boats. The building was converted in 1980 by the Building Design Partnership for use as a museum. Both this building and the dock itself are now part of Merseyside Maritime Museum.
- Ashmore, Owen (1982). The Industrial Archaeology of North-west England. Manchester University Press. ISBN 9780719008207. OCLC 8555887.
- Baines, Thomas (1859). Liverpool in 1859. London: Longman & Co. OCLC 43484994.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus; Pollard, Richard (2006). Lancashire: Liverpool and the Southwest. Yale University Press. ISBN 9780300109108. OCLC 475600879.
- Moss, Linda; Stammers, Michael (1980). Foster, Richard, ed. Liverpool's South Docks. Part 1. Mann Island — Wapping Basin. Merseyside County Museums. pp. 37–47. ISBN 9780906367087. OCLC 9918913.
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