Cannone da 75/27 modello 06
|Cannone da 75/27 modello 06|
Front view of a battered Cannone da 75/27 modello 06 at Museum of World War I, Kobarid (Caporetto), Slovenia
|Place of origin||German Empire|
|Used by|| Italy
|Wars||World War I
World War II
|Variants||Cannone da 75/27 modello 12|
|Weight||1,080 kilograms (2,380 lb)|
|Barrel length||2.25 metres (7 ft 5 in) L/30|
|Shell||6.35 kilograms (14.0 lb)|
|Caliber||75 mm (2.95 in)|
|Breech||horizontal sliding block|
|Elevation||-10° to +16°|
|Rate of fire||4-6 rpm|
|Muzzle velocity||502 m/s (1,647 ft/s)|
|Maximum firing range||6,800 metres (7,400 yd)|
The Cannone da 75/27 modello 06 was a field gun used by Italy during World War I and World War II. It was a license-built copy of the Krupp Kanone M 1906 gun. It had seats for two crewmen attached to the gunshield as was common practice for the period. Captured weapons were designated by the Wehrmacht during World War II as the 7.5 cm Feldkanone 237(i). Special fortress versions were produced as the Cannone da 75/27 modello 06 in Casmatta and in Caverna. These had different carriages suitable for static use.
Many guns were modernized for tractor-towing with pressed-steel wheels and rubber rims. These weighed some 65 kilograms (143 lb) more than the original version with spoked wooden wheels.
The Cannone da 75/27 modello 12 was a modello 06 modified for greater elevation (-12° to +18° 30') and lighter weight (only 900 kilograms (2,000 lb)). Only small numbers seem to have been produced. The Germans designated captured guns as the 7.5 cm Feldkanone 245(i).
Both references listed below credit these guns with over 10,000 metres (11,000 yd) range, but this seems highly unlikely given the limited elevation of both the modello 06 and modello 12.
- Chamberlain, Peter & Gander, Terry. Light and Medium Field Artillery. New York: Arco, 1975
- Gander, Terry and Chamberlain, Peter. Weapons of the Third Reich: An Encyclopedic Survey of All Small Arms, Artillery and Special Weapons of the German Land Forces 1939-1945. New York: Doubleday, 1979 ISBN 0-385-15090-3
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