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"Cannoneer" as a term for an artilleryman dates from the 16th century. As of 2016[update] the United States Army uses as titles for such a soldier: "13B" (thirteen bravo) M.O.S. (military occupational specialty code), a "cannon crewmember" or "cannoneer" for short. These "artillery-men" support infantry units in training, and on battlefields play an integral part in combat operations ranging from urban to jungle terrains.
An artillery private is known as a Kanonier in German, as a kanonier in historical Polish contexts, as a kanonnier in Dutch, and as a kanonir (Russian: канонир) in historical Russian army and navy contexts; today, these would likely[original research?] be rendered in English as "cannon". Artillery originated for use against ground targets—against infantry, cavalry, fortifications, armor, and other artillery. It can be used in a direct or indirect manner depending on circumstances. It can also be utilized in airborne and air-assault missions.
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