Bad Cannstatt

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Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt
Stadtbezirk of Stuttgart
Frühere Produktionsstätte der Alfred Ritter GmbH.jpg
Coat of arms of Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt
Coat of arms
Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt  is located in Germany
Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt
Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt
Coordinates: 48°48′20.16″N 9°12′50.76″E / 48.8056000°N 9.2141000°E / 48.8056000; 9.2141000Coordinates: 48°48′20.16″N 9°12′50.76″E / 48.8056000°N 9.2141000°E / 48.8056000; 9.2141000
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Stuttgart
District Stuttgart
City Stuttgart
Government
 • Direktor Bernd-Marcel Loeffler (SPD)
Area
 • Stadtbezirk of Stuttgart 15.713 km2 (6.067 sq mi)
Elevation 205 m (673 ft)
Population (2014)
 • Metro 69,543
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 70331–70378
Dialling codes 0711
Vehicle registration S
Website Stuttgart website

Bad Cannstatt, formerly just "Cannstatt" or "Kannstadt" (until 1900), is one of the outer stadtbezirke, or city districts, of Stuttgart in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Bad Cannstatt is the oldest and most populous of Stuttgart's districts, and one of the most historically significant towns in the area of Stuttgart.[a] The town is home to the Cannstatter Wasen and Cannstatter Volksfest beer festivals, the Mercedes-Benz Arena (VfB Stuttgart), the Hanns-Martin-Schleyer-Halle, and the Porsche-Arena.

Name[edit]

Bad Cannstatt's name originates from a Castra stativa, Cannstatt Castrum, the massive Roman Castra that was erected on the hilly ridge in AD 90 to protect the valuable river crossing and local trade.[2][3] In the past, Bad Cannstatt has been known as simply Cannstatt or Kannstatt,[4] Cannstadt, Canstatt, Kanstatt, and Condistat.[5] Its name was changed to include "Bad" (German: Bath) to mention the town's spas on 23 July 1933.

History[edit]

Bad Cannstatt lies on the Neckar at the convergence of various regional trails.[5] It was founded during the Roman period, although the area was inhabited by the Seelberg mammoth hunters during the last glacial period.[citation needed] The nearby Sielberg is notable for its caverns and fossils.[5]

Records survive of Roman knowledge of the area's springs.[4] The present name first appeared as the seat of a court held by Charlemagne in the 8th century while trying the rebellious dukes of Alemannia and Bavaria. Cannstatt was the capital of the county of Württemberg into the 14th[4] or 15th century;[5] the Rotenberg was the location of the ruling house's ancestral castle.[4] Cannstatt subsequently formed part of the duchy, electorate, and kingdom of Württemberg. It lay about 2.5 miles (4 km) from Stuttgart proper,[5] although it has since grown to include Bad Cannstatt. In the 13th or 14th century, Louis the Bavarian expanded its rights and privileges to equality with Esslingen. Its 15th-century cathedral was dedicated to St Uffo.[5] In 1755, the Great Lisbon earthquake caused the town hall to subside about 3 feet (1 m).[6] Amid the Napoleonic Wars, the town was the site of a French victory over the Austrians on 21 July 1796.[4]

In the 19th century, it boasted an attractive town hall, a royal theater, a market house, the Wilhelma and Rosenstein palaces, and extensive industry including wool-spinning, dyeing, steelmaking, and construction of machinery. There were then about 40 mineral springs, which were considered beneficial for "dyspepsia and weakness of the nervous system",[5] as well as "diseases of the throat".[4] Cannstatt was the site of Gottlieb Daimler's invention of the motorcycle[citation needed] and housed an automobile factory before the First World War. Around that time, it also had notable railway and chemical works and a brewery. It was incorporated into Stuttgart in 1904.[4]

Of the 19 surviving mineral springs, 11 are recognized as state wells.[clarification needed] In the world, it is now second to only Újbuda in Budapest, Hungary, in scale.[7] The Mombach spring is the only one that releases its water without pressure in large quantities; its outflow is used in the adjacent baths and the Wilhelma spa.[citation needed]

Famous Residents[edit]

Famous people associated with Bad-Cannstatt include:

Notes[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ "The History of Stuttgart". worldtravelguide.net. World Travel Guide. 
  2. ^ "Stuttgart (Germany)". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2009. 
  3. ^ "Early history of Stuttgart". en.driveline-online.de. driveLINE. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g EB (1911).
  5. ^ a b c d e f g EB (1878), p. 26.
  6. ^ EB (1878), p. 27.
  7. ^ "Wissenswertes", Stuttgart Rallye .

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ For most of Stuttgart's early history, Bad Cannstatt overshadowed the comparably small town of Stuttgart in importance.[1]

References[edit]