|Highest governing body||International Canoe Federation|
|World Games||Canoe polo: 2005–present|
Canoeing is an activity which involves paddling a canoe with a single-bladed paddle. Common meanings of the term are limited to when the canoeing is the central purpose of the activity. Broader meanings include when it is combined with other activities such as canoe camping, or where canoeing is merely a transportation method used to accomplish other activities. Most present-day canoeing is done as or as a part of a sport or recreational activity. In some parts of Europe canoeing refers to both canoeing and kayaking, with a canoe being called an open canoe.
History of organized recreational canoeing
Canoeing is an ancient mode of transportation. Modern recreational canoeing was established in the late 19th century. In 1924, canoeing associations from Austria, Germany, Denmark and Sweden founded the Internationalen Representation for Kanusport, forerunner of the International Canoe Federation. Canoeing became part of the Olympic Games in the summer of 1936. The main form of competitive sport was canoe sprint using a sprint canoe. Others include canoe polo, whitewater canoeing, canoe marathon, ICF canoe marathon, and playboating.
Most present-day canoeing is done as or as a part of a sport or recreational activity. In some parts of Europe canoeing refers to both canoeing and kayaking, with a canoe being called an Open canoe. A few of the recreational forms of canoeing are canoe camping and canoe racing such as canoe sprint and canoe marathons. Other forms include a wide range of canoeing on lakes, rivers, oceans, ponds and streams.
The summer Olympics include canoeing competitions. Canoe slalom (previously known as whitewater slalom) is a competitive sport with the aim to navigate a decked canoe or kayak through a course of hanging downstream or upstream gates on river rapids in the fastest time possible. It is one of the two kayak and canoeing disciplines at the Summer Olympics, and is referred to by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) as Canoe/Kayak Slalom. The other Olympic canoeing discipline is canoe sprint.
- Dudley, Marianna (1 September 2017). ""Muddying the waters: recreational conflict and rights of use of British rivers"". Water History. 9 (3): 259–277. doi:10.1007/s12685-017-0193-2. hdl:1983/d36c7fb8-a502-4b08-89fe-e535e09bbd21. ISSN 1877-7244.
- "Canoe/Kayak Sprint Equipment and History". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
- "Rio 2016 Olympics: Know your sport — Canoeing". The Indian Express. 3 August 2016. Retrieved 10 August 2016.
- canoekayakmag (9 August 2004). "Obituary: Verlen Kruger Remembered". Canoe & Kayak. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
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