Canoeing at the Summer Olympics

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Canoeing at the Summer Olympics
Canoeing (slalom) pictogram.svg
IOC Discipline CodeCSL (Canoe Slalom), CSP (Canoe Sprint)
Governing bodyICF
Events16 (men: 8; women: 8)
Games
  • 1896
  • 1900
  • 1904
  • 1908
  • 1912
  • 1920
Note: demonstration or exhibition sport years indicated in italics

Canoeing has been featured as competition sports in the Summer Olympic Games since the 1936 Games in Berlin, although they were demonstration sports at the 1924 Games in Paris.[1] There are two disciplines of canoeing in Olympic competition: slalom and sprint.

Two styles of boats are used in this sport: canoes with 1 or 2 canoers and kayaks with 1, 2 or 4 kayakers. This leads to the name designation of each event. For example, "C-1" is a canoe singles event and "K-2" is a kayak doubles event. Races are usually 500 metres or 1000 metres long, although there were also 10 km events from 1936 to 1956. On 13 August 2009, it was announced by the International Canoe Federation that the men's 500 m events would be replaced at the 2012 Summer Olympics by 200 m events with one of them being K-1 200 m for the women. The other events for men at 200 m will be C-1, K-1, and K-2.[2] This was confirmed at their 2009 Board of Directors meeting in Windsor, Berkshire, Great Britain on 5 December 2009.[3]

Summary[edit]

Games Year Events Best Nation
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8 1924 6  Canada
9
10
11 1936 9  Austria
12
13
14 1948 9  Sweden
15 1952 9  Finland
16 1956 9  Romania
Games Year Events Best Nation
17 1960 7  Soviet Union
18 1964 7  Soviet Union
19 1968 7  Hungary
20 1972 11  Soviet Union
21 1976 11  Soviet Union
22 1980 11  Soviet Union
23 1984 12  New Zealand
24 1988 12  East Germany
25 1992 16  Germany
26 1996 16  Germany
27 2000 16  Hungary
28 2004 16  Germany
29 2008 16  Germany
30 2012 16  Germany
31 2016 16  Germany
32 2020 16  Hungary

Canoe sprint[edit]

Events[edit]

Current program
Event 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 24 Total
Men's C-1 1000 m 21
Men's C-2 500 m 10
Men's K-1 1000 m 21
Men's K-2 500 m 10
Men's K-4 500 m 2
Women's C-1 200 m 2
Women's C-2 500 m 2
Women's K-1 500 m 20
Women's K-2 500 m 17
Women's K-4 500 m 11
Past events
Event 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 24 Total
Men's C-1 200 m 2
Men's C-1 500 m 9
Men's C-2 1000 m 20
Men's C-1 10000 m 3
Men's C-2 10000 m 4
Men's K-1 200 m 3
Men's K-1 500 m 9
Men's K-1 10000 m 4
Men's K-1 4 × 500 m 1
Men's K-2 200 m 2
Men's K-2 1000 m 20
Men's K-2 10000 m 4
Men's K-4 1000 m 14
Men's folding K-1 10000 m 1
Men's folding K-2 10000 m 1
Women's K-1 200 m 3
Total 9 9 9 9 7 7 7 7 11 11 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 10

Medal table[edit]

Source:[4]
Last updated after the 2020 Summer Olympics and after silver and bronze medals reallocation in 2021 in London 2012 Men's C-1 200 metres event.

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Germany (GER)29171662
2 Soviet Union (URS)2913951
3 Hungary (HUN)28312786
4 Sweden (SWE)1511430
5 Romania (ROU)10101434
6 East Germany (GDR)107825
7 New Zealand (NZL)102214
8 Norway (NOR)64414
9 Czechoslovakia (TCH)63110
10 United States (USA)53412
11 Finland (FIN)52310
12 Canada (CAN)4111126
13 Spain (ESP)49417
14 Italy (ITA)47314
15 Australia (AUS)451120
16 Bulgaria (BUL)45817
17 United Team of Germany (EUA)45211
18 Denmark (DEN)36716
19 Austria (AUT)34512
20 Ukraine (UKR)33410
21 China (CHN)3205
22 Great Britain (GBR)3159
23 Russia (RUS)24612
24 Belarus (BLR)2349
25 West Germany (FRG)2327
26 Yugoslavia (YUG)2215
27 Czech Republic (CZE)2136
28 France (FRA)161118
29 Cuba (CUB)1304
30 Brazil (BRA)1214
31 Unified Team (EUN)1102
32 Poland (POL)071421
33 Netherlands (NED)0358
34 Slovakia (SVK)0325
35 Latvia (LAT)0202
36 Azerbaijan (AZE)0112
 Moldova (MDA)0112
 Portugal (POR)0112
39 Serbia (SRB)0101
 Switzerland (SUI)0101
41 Israel (ISR)0011
 Lithuania (LTU)0011
 South Africa (RSA)0011
Totals (43 nations)206206207619

Canoe slalom[edit]

Events[edit]

Current program
Event 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Total
Men's C-1 9
Men's K-1 9
Women's C-1 1
Women's K-1 9
Past events
Event 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Total
Men's C-2 8
Total 4 0 0 0 0 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4

Medal table[edit]

Source:[5]
Last updated after the 2020 Summer Olympics

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Slovakia (SVK)84315
2 France (FRA)73818
3 Germany (GER)52815
4 East Germany (GDR)4015
5 Czech Republic (CZE)35311
6 Great Britain (GBR)27110
7 Italy (ITA)2013
8 Australia (AUS)1337
9 United States (USA)1225
10 Slovenia (SLO)1203
11 Spain (ESP)1113
12 Czechoslovakia (TCH)1102
13 West Germany (FRG)0314
14 Austria (AUT)0112
15 New Zealand (NZL)0101
 Poland (POL)0101
17 Japan (JPN)0011
 Russia (RUS)0011
 Togo (TOG)0011
Totals (19 nations)363636108

Overall medal table[edit]

Updated after the 2020 Summer Olympics and after silver and bronze medals reallocation in 2021 in London 2012 Men's C-1 200 metres event.

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Germany34192477
2 Soviet Union2913951
3 Hungary28312786
4 Sweden1511430
5 East Germany147930
6 Romania10101434
7 New Zealand103215
8 France891936
9 Slovakia87520
10 Czechoslovakia74112
11 Italy67417
12 United States65617
13 Norway64414
14 Spain510520
15 Australia581427
16 Great Britain58619
17 Czech Republic56617
18 Finland52310
19 Canada4111126
20 Bulgaria45817
21 United Team of Germany45211
22 Denmark36716
23 Austria35614
24 Ukraine33410
25 China3205
26 West Germany26311
27 Russia24713
28 Belarus2349
29 Yugoslavia2215
30 Cuba1304
31 Brazil1214
32 Slovenia1203
33 Unified Team1102
34 Poland081422
35 Netherlands0358
36 Latvia0202
37 Azerbaijan0112
 Moldova0112
 Portugal0112
40 Serbia0101
 Switzerland0101
42 Israel0011
 Japan0011
 Lithuania0011
 South Africa0011
 Togo0011
Totals (46 nations)242242243727

Nations[edit]

Nation 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
 Algeria (ALG)                 1 1
 Andorra (AND)                 1 1 2
 Angola (ANG)                 1 2 2
 Antigua and Barbuda (ANT)                 3 1
 Argentina (ARG)                 1 8 5 4 3 2 2 3 10 4 10
 Australia (AUS)                 8 7 10 6 7 8 5 9 8 17 23 21 16 16 20 18 16 17
 Austria (AUT)                 9 7 7 7 10 5 4 12 2 6 2 4 3 4 2 4 4 2 5 19
 Armenia (ARM)                 1 1
 Azerbaijan (AZE)                 3 4 2
 Belarus (BLR)                 4 5 9 8 12 12 12 7
 Belgium (BEL)                 9 9 4 2 4 2 3 8 11 6 5 2 2 3 1 3 2 4 1 4 20
 Belize (BIZ)                 1 1
 Bolivia (BOL)                 1 1 2
 Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH)                 1 1 1 3
 Brazil (BRA)                 6 3 4 2 2 3 13 5 8
 Bulgaria (BUL)                 5 2 3 7 12 12 12 11 11 7 7 2 1 2 1 15
 Canada (CAN)             (D)     8 7 11 9 6 6 10 12 14 15 14 18 21 16 19 21 8 9 18 20
 Chile (CHI)                 1 1 2 3
 China (CHN)                 4 4 4 8 15 23 18 10 18 9
 Chinese Taipei (TPE)                 1 1
 Cook Islands (COK)                 2 2 3 3
 Costa Rica (CRC)                 4 2 2
 Croatia (CRO)                 4 4 4 3 2 1 3 7
 Cuba (CUB)                 2 3 5 3 4 4 6 6 5 9
 Czech Republic (CZE)                 25 19 10 7 11 12 9 7
 Czechoslovakia (TCH)                 13 13 13 5 10 4 5 23 11 9 9 27 12
 Denmark (DEN)                 4 7 9 7 9 7 5 6 1 1 1 6 6 4 3 2 4 5 5 4 20
 East Germany (GDR)                 12 26 11 13 15 5
 Ecuador (ECU)                 1 1 2
 Egypt (EGY)                 1 2 2 3
 Estonia (EST)                 1 1 1 3
 Finland (FIN)                 3 5 10 6 9 3 5 4 7 4 5 3 2 1 1 2 4 2 18
 France (FRA)                 3 10 13 6 9 2 6 14 13 11 14 16 31 19 14 13 15 14 15 13 20
 Georgia (GEO)                 1 1
 Germany (GER)                 14 10 29 27 25 26 22 21 16 21 20
 Great Britain (GBR)                 3 7 7 3 7 5 10 20 11 11 15 17 25 17 12 9 7 15 11 8 20
 Greece (GRE)                 1 6 3 1 4
 Guam (GUM)                 1 1
 Guatemala (GUA)                 1 1
 Hong Kong (HKG)                 6 7 2 2 4
 Hungary (HUN)                 5 5 12 13 9 10 10 12 14 16 16 14 19 15 16 16 13 18 18 19
 Independent Olympic Participants (IOP)                 5 1
 Indonesia (INA)                 3 1 2
 Iran (IRI)                 1 2 1 3
 Ireland (IRL)                 4 4 2 1 4 5 6 3 2 1 3 1 12
 Israel (ISR)                 1 1 5 3 1 5
 Italy (ITA)                 1 6 12 4 2 10 11 5 7 5 18 15 8 8 16 8 4 7 18
 Ivory Coast (CIV)                 3 5 4 2 2 2 1 7
 Japan (JPN)                 12 2 5 3 5 8 6 8 2 5 9 8 5 12 14
 Kazakhstan (KAZ)                 8 4 3 7 5 13 7 7
 Kyrgyzstan (KGZ)                 2 1
 Latvia (LAT)                 3 3 1 1 3 2 2 1 8
 Lebanon (LIB)                 1 1
 Lithuania (LTU)                 1 2 3 3 4 2 6 1 8
 Luxembourg (LUX)                 3 3 4 3 4
 North Macedonia (MKD)                 3 1 1 1 4
 Malaysia (MAS)                 1 1
 Mexico (MEX)                 12 7 4 2 4 6 2 3 1 1 1 11
 Moldova (MDA)                 4 1 3 3
 Morocco (MAR)                 1 1 1 2 4
 Mozambique (MOZ)                 1 1 2
 Myanmar (MYA)                 1 1
 Netherlands (NED)                 9 7 5 4 5 7 2 2 6 3 2 4 2 2 2 1 16
 New Zealand (NZL)                 2 4 3 6 7 8 1 2 5 8 9 8 12
 Nigeria (NGR)                 1 1 1 3
 Norway (NOR)                 1 4 4 1 2 5 6 7 13 7 7 5 4 6 1 2 1 17
 Palau (PLW)                 1 1
 Panama (PAN)                 1 1
 Peru (PER)                 1 1
 Poland (POL)                 2 3 4 6 9 8 23 13 15 12 18 23 21 23 21 13 15 13 18
 Portugal (POR)                 3 7 6 1 1 4 6 7 8 9
 Refugee Olympic Team (ROT)                 1 1
 Romania (ROU)                 1 5 11 11 11 11 13 14 14 5 14 14 13 10 5 11 8 2 18
 Russia (RUS)                 14 12 8 14 21 19 17 6
 Saar (SAA)                 3 1
 Samoa (SAM)                 1 1 1 3 4
 São Tomé and Príncipe (STP)                 1 1 2 3
 Senegal (SEN)                 2 1 3 1 4
 Serbia (SRB)                 12 10 3 3
 Serbia and Montenegro (SCG)                 1 6 2 3
 Seychelles (SEY)                 1 1 2
 Singapore (SIN)                 1 1
 Slovakia (SVK)                 17 19 16 12 12 12 9 7
 Slovenia (SLO)                 6 5 4 4 3 6 6 6 8
 South Africa (RSA)                 11 1 2 1 10 2 1 7
 South Korea (KOR)                 2 15 6 2 1 1 2 1 8
 Soviet Union (URS)                 13 9 12 13 11 15 15 15 17 9
 Spain (ESP)                 2 5 4 7 5 10 11 22 19 17 14 10 8 11 15 15
 Sweden (SWE)                 9 9 10 6 6 7 11 10 11 12 11 11 13 12 10 5 3 6 5 3 20
 Switzerland (SUI)                 9 6 7 4 6 3 4 1 6 8 3 4 1 2 3 15
 Thailand (THA)                 1 1 2
 Togo (TOG)                 1 1 1 3
 Tunisia (TUN)                 3 3 4 3
 Turkey (TUR)                 1 1
 Ukraine (UKR)                 13 11 7 6 2 9 11 7
 United Team of Germany (EUA)                 10 10 12 3
 Unified Team (EUN)                 19 1
 United States (USA)             (D)     10 8 9 12 13 11 12 26 16 16 16 32 25 14 17 7 7 6 4 20
 Uruguay (URU)                 1 1 2
 Uzbekistan (UZB)                 17 1 7 1 2 4 2 7
 Venezuela (VEN)                 3 1
 Vietnam (VIE)                 1 1
 West Germany (FRG)                 13 28 13 15 14 5
 Yugoslavia (YUG)                 4 1 3 4 2 13 1 3 3 3 10
No. of nations 94
No. of athletes
Year 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Olympic sprint events
  2. ^ "IOC announcement of canoe sprint format changes for the 2012 Summer Olympics". International Canoe Federation. Archived from the original on 15 August 2012. Retrieved 14 September 2012.
  3. ^ "The Board of Directors Wrap Up in Windsor." - International Canoe Federation (5 December 2009) - accessed 18 December 2009.[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ "Olympic Analytics - Medals by Countries". olympanalyt.com. Retrieved 2022-01-31.
  5. ^ "Olympic Analytics - Medals by Countries". olympanalyt.com. Retrieved 2022-01-31.