Canon Frome

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Canon Frome
Approach to Canon Frome Court - geograph.org.uk - 1274274.jpg
Canon Frome Court and church from the west.
General information
LocationHerefordshire, England
CountryEngland
Construction started16th century
Completed1860
Canon Frome Court - frontage.
The Parish Church of St. James close by Canon Frome Court House.

Canon Frome is a small rural parish on the River Frome, 5 miles northwest of Ledbury, Herefordshire, England with a population of 139.[1] Its most notable feature is Canon Frome Court which is a Grade II listed large red brick country house. The house was originally a sixteenth century moated manor house but was extensively rebuilt, incorporating earlier parts of the building, in 1786 and again in 1868. It was for 300 years the ancestral home of the Hopton family.[2] It now forms a cohousing community.

History[edit]

The first known occupation of the site was by the Roman army who had a fort near the river, the remains of which are still traceable today. The Canons of Llanthony Abbey established themselves here in 1280.[3]

The Hoptons came to prominence at Canon Frome through the marriage in 1591 of Michael Hopton, a knight of Shropshire, to a widow named Martha Hareford the heiress of the Canon Frome estate.

During the English Civil War the then moated House contained a Royalist garrison under a Colonel John Barnold with 120 men. It was captured in 1645 by a Scots army under the Earl of Leven. The house was ransacked, and some 70 men of the garrison were killed by Parliament's men.[4] Many of the dead were buried where they fell. There was said to be a field named Bloody Acre in the area, and Oliver Cromwell is reputed to have rested here sometime before the Battle of Ledbury in 1645.[5][6]

The present house was built in 1786 and is attributed to architect Anthony Keck working for Richard Cope Hopton (1738 - 1810). It is considered a fine example of late eighteenth century architecture. The house was extended and modernised in the 1870s by the architect John Middleton.[7]

Inside the building are some re-set earlier fittings. Notably in the former Billiard Room is a late 16th-century carved wood overmantel consisting of two bays with the initials I. H. and female figures representing Prudence, Justice, and Wisdom.[8]

The house and land was bought by Hereford County Council in 1957 and it became a state secondary school. The school closed in 1978 and the house was bought by the Windflower Housing Association, a cohousing community, and it is now divided into 15 apartments with some common areas. The land is worked collectively.

Gateway to Canon Frome Court.

The driveway to the Court is flanked by imposing red brick pillars dated to 1905 which support iron gates. On top of the pillars are unusual sandstone statues, one is the figure of a griffin's head with a bloody hand, in its mouth ; the other is a talbot hound, chained and wearing a floral collar, and resting its paw on a saltire. These are all elements of the Hopton coat of arms.[6]

The house has a Listing Number of SO6450743512.

The Parish Church of St. James close by Canon Frome Court House is the third sacred building to occupy the site. The red brick West Tower was built in 1680, but the rest of the church was re-built in 1860 by the architect George Bodley.[9] It is in the early English style, with an ornate chancel and alabaster reredos.[3]

Governance[edit]

Canon Frome is part of the electoral ward called Frome. The population of this ward taken at the 2011 census was 3,450.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Town's in Herefordshire Beginning with C". ITravelUK. Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd. Retrieved 29 October 2014.
  2. ^ Canon Frome Court, Canon Frome British Listed Buildings. English Heritage Building ID: 153079. Accessed 27 October 2014
  3. ^ a b Canon Frome Herefordshire 1870-72, John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales, A Vision of Britain Through Time Website. Accessed 27 October 2014
  4. ^ ROLLINSON, PAUL. "THE CIVIL WAR IN HEREFORD - The Great Siege".
  5. ^ Canon Frome Court Monument Detail, Herefordshire Through Time, 23 July 2010. Accessed 27 October 2014
  6. ^ a b Canon Frome Welcome to Ledbury, Visitor UK Website. Accessed 27 October 2014
  7. ^ John Middleton: JOHN MIDDLETON: Victorian, Provincial Architect, by Brian Torode. Accessed 13 March 2015
  8. ^ Canon Frome An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Herefordshire, Volume 2: East, (1932). Accessed 27 October 2014
  9. ^ Historic England (1990). "Parish Church of St James (1098907)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
  10. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Frome Ward (as of 2011) (1237321508)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 20 October 2018.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Burke's and Saville's Guide to Country Houses, 1980, p 13; RCHM Vol II, p 45, item 2; BoE, p 98).
  • Sir Nikolaus Pevsner Buildings of England, Herefordshire, Volume 25, 1961, Page 98. ISBN 9780140710250

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°05′20″N 2°31′11″W / 52.088927°N 2.519612°W / 52.088927; -2.519612