Canon L lens

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Canon's series of L lenses (Canon Luxury Lenses) are a professional line of SLR photography lenses made by Canon. Canon has sold zoom and prime L-series lenses for the discontinued FD lens mount and for the current EF lens mount used on all Canon EOS cameras.

Characteristics[edit]

Most L series lenses share a number of common characteristics not found in Canon's line of lower-end lenses. L lenses tend to be more durable, incorporating dust and water-resistant rubber seals on some models. L lenses also contain optics of higher quality, with many lenses containing aspherically ground, fluorite or ultra-low dispersion glass elements. Their front elements do not rotate for the proper operation of some filters, such as circular polarizers. L lenses are often "fast", with maximum apertures commonly f/2.8 or f/4 and never exceeding f/5.6. Standard prime lenses have a much greater maximum aperture, such as Canon's current 50mm and 85mm L lenses which open to f/1.2. All current L-series lenses have ultrasonic autofocus motors (USM) and extra communication pins, except for the specialist tilt-shift lenses which do not provide autofocus.

A gelatin filter holder, on the rear of an EF lens.

Larger sized L-lenses, such as the 70–200 mm, 100–400 mm zooms, and longer focal length primes (300 mm+), usually have an off-white barrel to reduce heat absorption under the sun that may otherwise affect the performance of the lens,[1] as well as to identify Canon's lenses (for example at sporting events), though these can be confused with Sony A and Pentax K-mount lenses which are also offered in (pure) white. However, shorter focal length L-lenses can be black (such as the Canon EF 24–70 mm f/2.8L) and all L-lens primes under 200 mm are black. L-lenses can be identified by the distinctive red ring on the lens barrel. The off-white colour of the lens barrel is not exclusive to L lenses, since the Canon 400mm f/4 DO non-L lens is off-white with a green ring.

Wide angle L-lenses typically have a gelatin filter holder on the mounting collar of the lens, which allows the photographer to cut a small, square piece of gelatin out of a larger filter sheet and place it on the lens. On film cameras, these are typically used to correct the color temperature, but on digital cameras this is largely unnecessary, as the color temperature can be corrected in software. The mount is still commonly used for neutral density gelatin sheets, especially on certain wide-angle lenses where the protruding front element precludes the use of any screw-in filters. Some telephoto L-lenses, such as the EF 70-200mm zoom lenses, or the EF 300mm f/4L IS USM do not have rear gelatin filter holders. Super-telephoto lenses such as the EF 500mm f/4L IS USM, or the EF 200mm f/2L IS USM have a rear 52mm drop-in filter holder which can be used to hold gelatin type filters.

Lenses[edit]

EF mount zoom lenses[edit]

Name Category Min focal length mm Max focal length mm Max aperture at min focal length f/ Max aperture at max focal length f/ USM IS Current product
8-15mm f/4L USM fisheye Wide-angle 8 15 4 4 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
11-24mm f/4L USM Wide-angle 11 24 4 4 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
16-35mm f/2.8L USM Wide-angle 16 35 2.8 2.8 Yes check.svg
16-35mm f/2.8L II USM Wide-angle 16 35 2.8 2.8 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
16-35mm f/2.8L III USM Wide-angle 16 35 2.8 2.8 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
16-35mm f/4L IS USM Wide-angle 16 35 4 4 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
17-35mm f/2.8L USM Wide-angle 17 35 2.8 2.8 Yes check.svg
17-40mm f/4.0L USM Wide-angle 17 40 4 4 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
20-35mm f/2.8L Wide-angle 20 35 2.8 2.8
24-70mm f/2.8L USM Standard 24 70 2.8 2.8 Yes check.svg
24-70mm f/2.8L II USM Standard 24 70 2.8 2.8 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
24-70mm f/4L IS USM Standard 24 70 4 4 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
24-105mm f/4L IS USM Standard 24 105 4 4 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
24-105mm f/4L IS II USM Standard 24 105 4 4 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
28-70mm f/2.8L USM Standard 28 70 2.8 2.8 Yes check.svg
28-80mm f/2.8-4.0L USM Standard 28 80 2.8 4 Yes check.svg
28-300mm f/3.5-5.6L IS USM Telephoto 28 300 3.5 5.6 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
35-350mm f/3.5-5.6L USM Telephoto 35 350 3.5 5.6 Yes check.svg
50-200mm f/3.5-4.5L Telephoto 50 200 3.5 4.5
70-200mm f/4.0L USM Telephoto 70 200 4 4 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
70-200mm f/4.0L IS USM Telephoto 70 200 4 4 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
70-200mm f/4.0L IS II USM[2] Telephoto 70 200 4 4 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
70-200mm f/2.8L USM Telephoto 70 200 2.8 2.8 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
70-200mm f/2.8L IS USM Telephoto 70 200 2.8 2.8 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
70-200mm f/2.8L IS II USM Telephoto 70 200 2.8 2.8 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
70-200mm f/2.8L IS III USM[3] Telephoto 70 200 2.8 2.8 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
70-300mm f/4-5.6L IS USM Telephoto 70 300 4 5.6 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
80-200mm f/2.8L Telephoto 80 200 2.8 2.8
100-300mm f/5.6L Telephoto 100 300 5.6 5.6
100-400mm f/4.5-5.6L IS USM Telephoto 100 400 4.5 5.6 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
100-400mm f/4.5-5.6L IS II USM Telephoto 100 400 4.5 5.6 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
200-400mm f/4L IS USM 1.4x Extender Telephoto 200 400 4 4 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg Yes check.svg

EF mount prime lenses[edit]

Name Category Focal length mm Max aperture f/ USM IS Current product
14mm f/2.8L USM Wide-angle 14 2.8 Yes check.svg
14mm f/2.8L II USM Wide-angle 14 2.8 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
24mm f/1.4L USM Wide-angle 24 1.4 Yes check.svg
24mm f/1.4L II USM Wide-angle 24 1.4 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
35mm f/1.4L USM Wide-angle 35 1.4 Yes check.svg
35mm f/1.4L II USM Wide-angle 35 1.4 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
50mm f/1.0L USM Standard 50 1 Yes check.svg
50mm f/1.2L USM Standard 50 1.2 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
85mm f/1.2L USM Medium telephoto 85 1.2 Yes check.svg
85mm f/1.2L II USM Medium telephoto 85 1.2 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
85mm f/1.4L IS USM Medium telephoto 85 1.4 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
135mm f/2.0L USM Telephoto 135 2 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
200mm f/1.8L USM Telephoto 200 1.8 Yes check.svg
200mm f/2.0L IS USM Telephoto 200 2 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
200mm f/2.8L USM Telephoto 200 2.8 Yes check.svg
200mm f/2.8L II USM Telephoto 200 2.8 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
300mm f/2.8L USM Telephoto 300 2.8 Yes check.svg
300mm f/2.8L IS USM Telephoto 300 2.8 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
300mm f/2.8L IS II USM Telephoto 300 2.8 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
300mm f/4.0L USM Telephoto 300 4 Yes check.svg
300mm f/4.0L IS USM Telephoto 300 4 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
400mm f/2.8L USM Super-telephoto 400 2.8 Yes check.svg
400mm f/2.8L II USM Super-telephoto 400 2.8 Yes check.svg
400mm f/2.8L IS USM Super-telephoto 400 2.8 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
400mm f/2.8L IS II USM Super-telephoto 400 2.8 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
400mm f/5.6L USM Super-telephoto 400 5.6 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
500mm f/4.5L USM Super-telephoto 500 4.5 Yes check.svg
500mm f/4.0L IS USM Super-telephoto 500 4 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
500mm f/4.0L IS II USM Super-telephoto 500 4 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
600mm f/4.0L USM Super-telephoto 600 4 Yes check.svg
600mm f/4.0L IS USM Super-telephoto 600 4 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
600mm f/4.0L IS II USM Super-telephoto 600 4 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
800mm f/5.6L IS USM Super-telephoto 800 5.6 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
1200mm f/5.6L USM Super-telephoto 1200 5.6 Yes check.svg
100mm f/2.8L Macro IS USM Macro 100 2.8 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
180mm f/3.5L Macro USM Macro 180 3.5 Yes check.svg Yes check.svg
17mm f/4.0L Tilt-Shift Tilt-shift 17 4 Yes check.svg
24mm f/3.5L Tilt-Shift Tilt-shift 24 3.5
24mm f/3.5L II Tilt-Shift Tilt-shift 24 3.5 Yes check.svg
50mm f/2.8L MACRO Tilt-Shift Tilt-shift 50 2.8 Yes check.svg
90mm f/2.8L MACRO Tilt-Shift Tilt-shift 90 2.8 Yes check.svg
135mm f/4L MACRO Tilt-Shift Tilt-shift 135 4 Yes check.svg

Canon lens codes[edit]

On the back of Canon lenses is a six-digit code, which indicates where the lens was manufactured and when.

Example of a code "UV1212"

The first letter, 'U', represents the factory that made the lens. Three possible first letters are:

U = Utsunomiya
F = Fukushima
O = Ōita

The second letter, 'V', represents the year of manufacture

A = 1960, 1986, 2012
B = 1961, 1987, 2013
C = 1962, 1988, 2014
D = 1963, 1989, 2015
E = 1964, 1990, 2016
F = 1965, 1991, 2017
G = 1966, 1992 2018
H = 1967, 1993
I = 1968, 1994
J = 1969, 1995
K = 1970, 1996
L = 1971, 1997
M = 1972, 1998
N = 1973, 1999
O = 1974, 2000
P = 1975, 2001
Q = 1976, 2002
R = 1977, 2003
S = 1978, 2004
T = 1979, 2005
U = 1980, 2006
V = 1981, 2007
W = 1982, 2008
X = 1983, 2009
Y = 1984, 2010
Z = 1985, 2011

The next two digits represent the month the lens was manufactured.

The last two digits are for internal Canon use.

Therefore, the example (pictured) of UV0512 means the lens was made in the Utsunomiya, Japan factory in May 2007.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Canon Europa N.V. and Canon Europe Ltd 2002-2015. "Black or White Lenses - Canon Professional Network". Canon Professional Network.
  2. ^ "Canon Updates Lineup of EF L-Series Telephoto Zoom Lenses With the Introduction of EF 70-200MM F/4L II USM and EF 70-200MM F/2.8L IS II USM". usa.canon.com.
  3. ^ "Canon Updates Lineup of EF L-Series Telephoto Zoom Lenses With the Introduction of EF 70-200MM F/4L II USM and EF 70-200MM F/2.8L IS II USM". usa.canon.com.

External links[edit]