Canon de 105 L mle 1936 Schneider

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Canon de 105 L mle 1936 Schneider
Fort de Fermont and its museum - Schneider 105 L mle 36 canon.JPG
Typeheavy field gun
Place of originFrance
Service history
In service1936–1990s
Used byFrance
Nazi Germany
Romania
WarsWorld War II
Indochina War
Algerian War
Production history
DesignerSchneider
ManufacturerSchneider
VariantsHorse- or truck-drawn
Specifications
Mass3,920 kg (7,253 lbs) tractor
3,540 kg (7,804 lbs) horse-drawn
Barrel length3.905 m (12 ft 10 in) L/37.6

Shellseparate-loading, cased charge and projectile
15.7 kg (35 lb)[1]
Caliber105 mm (4.13 in)
CarriageBox trail
Elevation0° to +47° 48'
Traverse50°
Rate of fire4 rpm
Muzzle velocity725 m/s (2,379 ft/s)
Effective firing range16,000 m (17,498 yds)

The Canon de 105 L modèle 1936 Schneider was a field gun used by France in World War II.

Description[edit]

It was built in two versions, one with steel wheels and pneumatic tires for tractor towing and the other with wooden spoked wheels for horse towing. Its range was still inferior to its German equivalents.[2]

Users[edit]

In France, 159 were in service in 1939. They were used in organic Corps artillery regiments.[2] Captured examples in World War II were placed into German service as the 10.5 cm schwere Kanone 332(f) where they mainly served on coast defense duties[3]. The French army used 105 L Schneider during Indochina[4] and Algerian Wars.[2]

The Romanian Army ordered 180 pieces, but received only 132 before World War II broke out. It was the longest-ranged gun used by Romania in the war. During the 1980s, the surviving guns were upgraded with modern wheels and used for training until the ammunition stocks ran out in the mid 1990s, when the gun was finally retired from service.[5] Low-level delivery continued after the start of World War II. Twelve more guns were supplied until the fall of France in 1940. Thus, Romania received a total of 144 pieces out of the 180 that were ordered.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chamberlain, Peter (1975). Light and medium field artillery. Gander, Terry. New York: Arco. p. 21. ISBN 0668038209. OCLC 2067331.
  2. ^ a b c "Canon 105mm long Mle 36 Schneider". Base documentaire de l'artillerie (in French). Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  3. ^ Gander, Terry and Chamberlain, Peter. Weapons of the Third Reich: An Encyclopedic Survey of All Small Arms, Artillery and Special Weapons of the German Land Forces 1939-1945. New York: Doubleday, 1979 ISBN 0-385-15090-3
  4. ^ Vaïsse, Maurice; Bizard, André (2000). L'Armée française dans la guerre d'Indochine (1946-1954) : adaptation ou inadaptation? (in French). Brussels: Complexe. p. 186.
  5. ^ Adrian Stroea; Gheorghe Băjenaru (2010). Artileria româna în date si imagini (PDF) (in Romanian). Editura Centrului Tehnic-Editorial al Armatei. p. 93. ISBN 978-606-524-080-3.
  6. ^ Mark Axworthy, London: Arms and Armour, 1995, Third Axis, Fourth Ally: Romanian Armed Forces in the European War, 1941–1945, p. 29