Canso (Martian crater)
The crater Canso based on THEMIS day-time image.
|Eponym||Canso, Nova Scotia|
Canso is a Martian crater. It lies about 450 kilometres west of the Viking 1 lander, slightly northeast of Lunae Planum, and west of Chryse Planitia, in the Lunae Palus quadrangle. The crater is named after Canso, a fishing town in Nova Scotia. The name was officially adopted in 1988 by the International Astronomical Union's Working Group for Planetary System Nomenclature (IAU/WGPSN).
Impact craters generally have a rim with ejecta around them, in contrast volcanic craters usually do not have a rim or ejecta deposits. As craters get larger (greater than 10 km in diameter) they usually have a central peak. The peak is caused by a rebound of the crater floor following the impact.
Canso Crater, as seen by CTX camera (on Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter).
Canso Crater North Wall and Floor, as seen by HiRISE.
- Hugh H. Kieffer (1992). Mars. University of Arizona Press. ISBN 978-0-8165-1257-7. Retrieved 7 March 2011.
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- IAU/WGPSN Planetary Feature Gazetteer Database. USGS Branch of Astrogeology, Flagstaff, Arizona.
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