Canterbury (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Canterbury in Kent
Location of Kent within England
|Population||109,280 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||73,779 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Canterbury, Whitstable|
|Member of Parliament||Rosie Duffield (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Number of members||1295–1885: Two|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
|European Parliament constituency||South East England|
The seat dates to the earliest century of regular parliaments, in 1295; it elected two MPs until 1885, electing one thereafter, before being altered by the later-termed Fourth Reform Act in 1918 (the first being in 1832).
- 1 History
- 2 Boundaries
- 3 Members of Parliament
- 4 Elections
- 4.1 Elections in the 2010s
- 4.2 Elections in the 2000s
- 4.3 Elections in the 1990s
- 4.4 Elections in the 1980s
- 4.5 Elections in the 1970s
- 4.6 Elections in the 1960s
- 4.7 Elections in the 1950s
- 4.8 Elections in the 1940s
- 4.9 Elections in the 1930s
- 4.10 Elections in the 1920s
- 4.11 Elections in the 1910s
- 4.12 Elections in the 1900s
- 4.13 Elections in the 1890s
- 4.14 Elections in the 1880s
- 4.15 Elections in the 1870s
- 4.16 Elections in the 1860s
- 4.17 Elections in the 1850s
- 4.18 Elections in the 1840s
- 5 See also
- 6 Notes and references
- 7 External links
- Constitutional status of seat
The widened Canterbury constituency was formed from an expansion of the narrow parliamentary borough (or simply borough) of the same name that existed from 1295 to 1918. This had elected two MPs from 1295 (the Model Parliament) until 1885, and then one until 1918.
- Political history
From 1835 (where a Conservative was elected on petition) until 2017, the local electorate elected candidates of the Conservative Party (with the exception of the election of Independent Unionist Francis Bennett-Goldney, MP from 1910–18); the seat was recognised in the Guinness Book of World Records as the longest uninterrupted period of one party holding a Parliamentary seat. The election of Labour's Rosie Duffield, who won the seat by just 187 votes in the 2017 election, marked the end of a 185-year period of Canterbury always electing Conservative-allied MPs, the longest recorded broken record for party representation in British political history.
1918–1950: The County Borough of Canterbury, the Urban Districts of Herne Bay and Whitstable, the Rural Districts of Bridge and Elham, and the Rural District of Blean with the detached parts of the civil parishes of Dunkirk and Hernhill which were wholly surrounded by the rural district.
1950–1983: The County Borough of Canterbury, the Urban Districts of Herne Bay and Whitstable, and the Rural District of Bridge Blean.
1983–1997: The City of Canterbury wards of Barham Downs, Barton, Blean Forest, Chartham, Chestfield, Gorrell, Harbledown, Harbour, Little Stour, Marshside, Northgate, North Nailbourne, St Stephen's, Seasalter, Stone Street, Sturry North, Sturry South, Swalecliffe, Tankerton, Westgate, and Wincheap, and the Borough of Swale wards of Boughton and Courtenay.
1997–2010: as above but with the wards of Boughton and Courtenay removed.
2010–present: The City of Canterbury wards of Barham Downs, Barton, Blean Forest, Chartham and Stone Street, Chestfield and Swalecliffe, Gorrell, Harbledown, Harbour, Little Stour, North Nailbourne, Northgate, St Stephen's, Seasalter, Sturry North, Sturry South, Tankerton, Westgate, and Wincheap.
Canterbury constituency comprises the larger part of the City of Canterbury District, containing the city and surrounding villages, together with the coastal town of Whitstable, but excluding the town of Herne Bay which is in the North Thanet constituency (although it was in this seat before the 1983 redistribution). The wards containing the smaller rural villages are mostly Conservative, but Labour saw strong support in 2017 in Canterbury itself and Whitstable.
Members of Parliament
Parliamentary borough of Canterbury
- Constituency representation restored and reduced to one (1885)
|December 1910||Francis Bennett-Goldney||Independent Unionist|
|1918 by-election||George Anderson||Conservative|
|1918||Parliamentary borough abolished, name transferred to a new county division|
Canterbury county constituency
|1918||Ronald McNeill||Conservative||Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (19 October 1927 – 4 June 1929)|
Financial Secretary to the Treasury (1925 – 1927)
|1927 by-election||Sir William Wayland||Conservative||Mayor of Deptford (1914 – 1920)|
|1953 by-election||Sir Leslie Thomas||Conservative|
|1966||Sir David Crouch||Conservative|
|1987||Sir Julian Brazier||Conservative||Minister of State for Reserves (14 July 2014 – 16 July 2016)|
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrats||Claire Malcomson||3,408||5.7||−2.4|
|Liberal Democrats||James Flanagan||4,561||8.0||−3.6|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+9.3|
|Liberal Democrats||James Flanagan||6,227||11.6||−20.9|
|Socialist (GB)||Robert Cox||165||0.3||+0.3|
|Liberal Democrats||Guy Voizey||16,002||32.5||+11.1|
|Money Reform||Anne Belsey||173||0.4||–|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Jenny Barnard-Langston||10,059||21.1||+3.3|
|Legalise Cannabis||Rocky van de Benderskum||326||0.7||+0.7|
|Liberal Democrats||Peter Wales||8,056||17.8||−5.9|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Martin Vye||12,854||23.76||−8.8|
|Natural Law||Andrew Pringle||64||0.12|
|Liberal Democrats||M J Vye||19,022||32.4||+5.0|
|Natural Law||SE Curphey||203||0.3||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|Labour||Linda A. Keen||9,494||16.88||+1.50|
|Independent Canterbury Nationalist||Joan White||157||0.28||N/A|
|Independent Nationalist||Joan White||226||0.44|
Elections in the 1970s
|National Front||Joan White||941||1.41|
|National Front||Kenneth McKilliam||1,096||1.76|
|National Front||Kenneth McKilliam||831||1.22|
|Labour||Henry Gordon N Clother||15,172||25.31|
|Liberal||David C P Gracie||11,553||19.27|
Elections in the 1960s
|Liberal||Edwin W Moss||11,962||21.95|
|Labour||George Selous Cobbett||15,211||29.47|
|Liberal||Edwin W Moss||9,582||18.56|
Elections in the 1950s
|Labour||George E Peters||15,746||33.80|
|Labour||Reginald George Ward||14,444||33.45|
|Labour||John A E Jones||9,560||33.01||+1.98|
|Conservative||John Baker White||28,632||61.09|
|Labour||John A E Jones||14,543||31.03|
|Liberal||Thomas H Payne||3,695||7.88|
|Conservative||John Baker White||26,491||55.95|
|Liberal||Kenneth Graham Jupp||6,296||13.30|
Elections in the 1940s
|Conservative||John Baker White||24,282||61.61|
|Labour||Joseph Denis Milburn Bell||14,115||35.81|
|Common Wealth||Catherine Williamson||1,017||2.58|
Elections in the 1930s
Elections in the 1920s
|Labour||Philip Sidney Eastman||4,706||13.9||N/A|
|Liberal||William Robertson Heatley||8,561||41.6||N/A|
Elections in the 1910s
|Conservative||John Henniker Heaton||1,371||38.8||−24.9|
|Ind. Conservative||Francis Bennett-Goldney||1,350||38.2||N/A|
|Liberal||H. B. D. Woodcock||815||23.0||−13.3|
|Ind. Conservative||Francis Bennett-Goldney||1,635||47.8||+9.6|
|Liberal||William James Fisher||623||18.2||−4.8|
|Ind. Conservative gain from Conservative||Swing||+7.2|
General Election 1914/15:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
|Unionist||George Knox Anderson||Unopposed|
|Unionist gain from Independent Unionist|
|Labour||Edward Timothy Palmer||2,719||19.2||N/A|
|Unionist gain from Independent Unionist||Swing||N/A|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
Elections in the 1900s
|Conservative||John Henniker Heaton||Unopposed|
|Conservative||John Henniker Heaton||2,210||63.7||N/A|
|Liberal||William James Fisher||1,262||36.3||N/A|
Elections in the 1890s
|Conservative||John Henniker Heaton||Unopposed|
|Conservative||John Henniker Heaton||Unopposed|
Elections in the 1880s
|Conservative||Robert Peter Laurie||1,425||26.4||−3.5|
|Turnout||2,702 (est)||73.6 (est)||−2.1|
After findings of corruption, the writ for Canterbury was suspended and the election result voided. The constituency was reconstituted in 1885.
|Conservative||John Henniker Heaton||1,804||68.6||+15.1|
|Conservative||John Henniker Heaton||Unopposed|
Elections in the 1870s
|Liberal||Robert John Biron||873||18.6||+5.0|
|Turnout||2,351 (est)||75.7 (est)||−20.8|
|Conservative gain from Ind. Conservative||Swing||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||−0.9|
Butler-Johnstone resigned, causing a by-election.
Majendie resigned, causing a by-election.
|Conservative||Robert Peter Laurie||1,159||51.2||−10.4|
Elections in the 1860s
Johnstone resigned, causing a by-election.
|Conservative||John Walter Huddleston||737||26.7||N/A|
|Turnout||1,381 (est)||86.1 (est)||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||N/A|
|Ind. Conservative||Henry Butler-Johnstone||1,453||31.9||N/A|
|Conservative||John Walter Huddleston||1,157||25.4||−1.3|
|Conservative||Henry James Lee Warner||709||15.6||−22.2|
|Turnout||2,896 (est)||96.5 (est)||+10.4|
|Ind. Conservative gain from Conservative||Swing||N/A|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+2.6|
Elections in the 1850s
Denison was elevated to the peerage, becoming 1st Baron Londesborough, and causing a by-election.
|Radical gain from Whig|
|Conservative||Henry Plumptre Gipps||766||29.1||N/A|
|Turnout||1,317 (est)||70.3 (est)||−1.2|
|Conservative gain from Whig||Swing||N/A|
- Smythe retired before polling. The election was declared void on petition, due to bribery, and the writ suspended on 21 February 1853. A by-election was called to replace both MPs in August 1854.
|Peelite||Charles Manners Lushington||727||28.6||−0.5|
|Conservative||Charles Lennox Butler||671||26.4||−2.4|
|Whig||Charles Purton Cooper||406||16.0||N/A|
|Turnout||1,272 (est)||64.5 (est)||−5.8|
|Peelite gain from Conservative||Swing||−3.2|
|Whig gain from Conservative||Swing||+3.7|
|Whig||Charles Purton Cooper||477||23.3||+12.5|
|Turnout||1,026 (est)||54.7 (est)||−15.6|
|Whig gain from Conservative||Swing||+20.2|
Elections in the 1840s
|Conservative||Thomas Charles Pelham-Clinton||641||22.3||N/A|
|Turnout||1,437 (est)||71.5 (est)||−4.2|
|Whig gain from Conservative||Swing||+0.5|
|Whig gain from Conservative|
- Caused by Bradshaw's death
|Whig||Thomas Twisden Hodges||720||31.7|
|Conservative gain from Whig||Swing|
|Whig||John Wright Henniker Wilson||628||44.3|
|Whig||Thomas Twisden Hodges||17||1.2|
|Conservative gain from Whig||Swing|
- Caused by Denison's resignation
Notes and references
- "Canterbury: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 16 February 2015.
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "History of Parliament 1386-1421". History of Parliament. Retrieved 16 November 2011.
- History of Parliament
- The English Parliaments of Henry VII. Retrieved 17 March 2012 – via Google Books.
- "History of Parliament 1509-1558". History of Parliament. Retrieved 16 November 2011.
- "History of Parliament 1558-1603". History of Parliament. Retrieved 16 November 2011.
- Browne Willis
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 2)
- Sir William Hardres was re-elected in 1734, but the result was overturned on petition and his seat awarded in 1735 to Sir Thomas Hales
- Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, FWS (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 158–160. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
- Boase, George Clement (1897). Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 52. London: Smith, Elder & Co. . In
- Mosse, Richard Bartholomew (1838). The Parliamentary Guide: a concise history of the Members of both Houses, etc. p. 156. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
- "The Elections". West Kent Guardian. 31 July 1847. p. 4. Retrieved 22 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Important Notice". Kentish Gazette. 3 August 1847. p. 2. Retrieved 22 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- A petition was lodged against the 1837 result, but withdrawn
- A petition was lodged against the result of the by-election in February 1841, but it was dismissed
- "The Nomination". Bell's Weekly Messenger. 26 February 1859. p. 6. Retrieved 4 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "County Intelligence". Dover Express. 19 February 1859. p. 4. Retrieved 4 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Latest Intelligence". Worcestershire Chronicle. 6 March 1850. p. 8. Retrieved 22 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Election Intelligence". Norfolk Chronicle. 19 August 1854. p. 2. Retrieved 22 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "England and Wales". The Spectator. 14 March 1857. p. 9. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
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- Sir William Somerville was known from 1863 as The Lord Athlumney
- le Grys Norgate, Gerald (1898). Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 53. London: Smith, Elder & Co. . In
- A petition was lodged against the 1865 result, but withdrawn
- "Canterbury 1660-". Hansard 1803–2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
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- "Candidates standing in Kent and Medway across Kent's 17 parliamentary constituencies". Kent Online.
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- "UK General Election results: February 1974 [Archive]". Politicsresources.net. 28 February 1974. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 18 April 2010.
- "UK General Election results 1970 [Archive]". Politicsresources.net. 18 June 1970. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 18 April 2010.
- F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1949
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
- Standard 21 May 1914
- The Liberal Year Book, 1907
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "The Canterbury Election Petition". Whitstable Times and Herne Bay Herald. 19 June 1880. pp. 2–4. Retrieved 24 November 2017.
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1885–1918, FWS Craig
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
- "Canterbury". The Daily Telegraph and Courier. 29 January 1874. p. 5. Retrieved 28 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Canterbury Election". Whitstable Times and Herne Bay Herald. 10 May 1879. Retrieved 5 October 2016 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "To the Freemen & Electors of the City of Canterbury". Kentish Gazette. 4 March 1862. p. 1. Retrieved 3 February 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Canterbury". Whitstable Times and Herne Bay Herald. 12 September 1868. p. 4. Retrieved 3 February 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Canterbury". Maidstone Journal and Kentish Advertiser. 5 December 1868. p. 2. Retrieved 3 February 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "The General Election". The Spectator. 10 July 1852. p. 2. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
- "Imperial Parliament". Leeds Times. 26 February 1853. p. 8. Retrieved 22 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Canterbury Election". Kentish Gazette. 22 August 1854. p. 3. Retrieved 22 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Eadie, Alan, "Charles Purton Cooper, QC (1793-1873)", Provincial Grand Lodge of Mark Master Masons of Kent, p. 3 – via British Newspaper Archive Missing or empty
- "Canterbury Journal". Canterbury Journal, Kentish Times and Farmers' Gazette. 12 August 1854. p. 3. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
- "The elections for the five delinquent and suspended boroughs". The Spectator. 19 August 1854. p. 3. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
- "The Forthcoming Elections". Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury. 19 August 1854. p. 3. Retrieved 22 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "The Atlas". 6 February 1841. pp. 4–5. Retrieved 31 October 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Iain Dale, ed. (2003). The Times House of Commons 1929, 1931, 1935. Politico's (reprint). ISBN 1-84275-033-X.
- The Times House of Commons 1945. 1945.
- The Times House of Commons 1950. 1950.
- The Times House of Commons 1955. 1955.
- nomis Constituency Profile for Canterbury — presenting data from the ONS annual population survey and other official statistics.