The interior of Canterbury Castle
|Town or city||Canterbury, Kent|
Canterbury Castle was one of the three original Royal castles of Kent (the other two being Rochester Castle and Dover Castle). They were all built soon after the Battle of Hastings, on the main Roman road from Dover to London. This was the route taken by William the Conqueror in October 1066, and they were built originally as motte-and-bailey castles to guard this important route.
A wooden motte and bailey castle was erected in 1066 - its motte may be the mound which is still visible in the Dane John gardens near the stone castle (which may in turn be a Roman burial mound), with Dane John deriving from donjon.
The great stone keep was largely constructed in the reign of Henry I as one of three Royal castles in Kent. This massive structure, which has dimensions of about 98 by 85 feet externally at the base, was originally probably at least 80 feet high. It is mainly made of flint and sandstone rubble. By the 13th century the castle had become the county gaol. It was given up to the invading French in the First Barons' War. In 1380 a new gate was built.
By the 19th century it had been obtained by a gas company and used as a storage centre for gas for many years, during which time the top floor was destroyed.
The Castle has been owned by the local authority since 1928. It has been closed because of falling masonry since 2018, although there are tentative plans for its restoration and reopening in 2021.
Images of Canterbury Castle
Governors of Canterbury Castle
- 1216–1232: Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent (also Governor of Dover and Rochester Castles)
- 1232–: Stephen de Segrave (also Governor of Rochester Castle)
- 1259–: Nicholas de Moels (also Governor of Rochester Castle)
- 1261–: Robert Walerand (also Governor of Rochester Castle)
- 1272–: William de Eschetesford
- From the late 13th century onwards the castle was used as a gaol
- "Canterbury Castle". Pastscape.org.uk. Archived from the original on 2012-02-25. Retrieved 2008-05-30.
- Canterbury Trust
- Canterbury Castle 1 canterbury.co.uk
- "Canterbury Castle" Canterbury Historical and Archaeological Society (CHAS), Retrieved 10 January 2020
- Wright, Joe. "Canterbury Castle could reopen in 2021", Kent Online, 29 May 2019. Retrieved 10 January 2020.
- "The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 11". British History Online. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
- Canterbury Trust - Canterbury Castle
- Norman Castle at Canterbury Castle
- Archaeological and historical sources, reconstructions