Cantharellus cinnabarinus

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Cantharellus cinnabarinus
Cantharellus cinnabarinus.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Cantharellales
Family: Cantharellaceae
Genus: Cantharellus
Species:
C. cinnabarinus
Binomial name
Cantharellus cinnabarinus
(Schwein.) Schwein. 1832
Synonyms

Agaricus cinnabarinus Schwein. 1822
Chanterel cinnabarinus (Schwein.) Murrill 1913

Cantharellus cinnabarinus
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
ridges on hymenium
cap is infundibuliform
hymenium is decurrent
stipe is bare
spore print is white to pink
ecology is mycorrhizal
edibility: edible

Cantharellus cinnabarinus Greek word meaning cup/ tankard or drinking vessel (or Cinnabar Red Chanterelle- ) is a fungus native to eastern North America.[1] It is a member of the genus Cantharellus along with other chanterelles. It is named after its red color, which is imparted by the carotenoid canthaxanthin.[2] It is edible and good, fruiting in association with hardwood trees in the summer and fall.[3]

Description[edit]

Cantharellus cinnabarinus is recognized by its distinctive flamingo-pink or bright orange and red colors (imparted by the carotenoid canthaxanthin) and the presence of false gills underneath the cap.[4]

Origination[edit]

Cantharellus/ Chanterelle mushroom was discovered and named in 1821 by Elias Fries, a Swedish mycologist who declared them to be "one of the most important and best edible mushrooms."[5] Because they hold up to 90% water and can be cooked without any butter or oil, they became popular through French cuisine.[6] This mushroom was usually only found in the kitchens of aristocrats and served for fancy events.[7] Nowadays, the mushroom is much more commonly eaten across the globe at reasonable prices and with many health benefits.[8]

Ecology[edit]

Widely distributed in Eastern Northern America; found mostly on the ground in broadleaf and mixed broadleaf/conifer forests; usually scattered or occurring in small groups; forms mycorrhizal associations with forest trees in the summer and fall; shows preference for acid soils.[9]

Health Benefits[edit]

Brain function[edit]

Since Chanterelle mushroom contains about 1.87 mg of iron (which is 23% of daily recommended value), it helps with proper flow of blood in the brain, encourages cognitive activity, and creates new neural pathways, helping to prevent some disorders like Alzheimer's disease and dementia.[9]

Proper Growth[edit]

Beside iron, it also contains copper, a highly essential mineral that contributes to normal growth and development and strengthens the immune system.[10]

Heart related conditions and bone health[edit]

Chanterelle is famous for being rich in Vitamin D and fiber, which helps in burning belly fat, fighting off heart diseases, and supporting bone health to act as an anti-inflammatory agent for the body.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kuo, M. (June 2003). "Cantharellus cinnabarinus". MushroomExpert.Com. Retrieved 2011-03-23.
  2. ^ Haxo, Francis (Dec 1950). "Carotenoids of the Mushroom Cantharellus cinnabarinus". Botanical Gazette. 112 (2): 228–32. doi:10.1086/335653. JSTOR 2472791. S2CID 84308852.
  3. ^ Miller Jr., Orson K.; Miller, Hope H. (2006). North American Mushrooms: A Field Guide to Edible and Inedible Fungi. FalconGuides. Guilford, CN: Globe Pequot Press. p. 333. ISBN 978-0-7627-3109-1.
  4. ^ "Cantharellus cinnabarinus (MushroomExpert.Com)". www.mushroomexpert.com. Retrieved 2021-04-04.
  5. ^ Petersen, Ronald H.; Knudsen, Henning (June 2015). "The mycological legacy of Elias Magnus Fries". IMA Fungus. 6 (1): 99–114. doi:10.5598/imafungus.2015.06.01.04. ISSN 2210-6340. PMC 4500089. PMID 26203415.
  6. ^ "The Best Way to Cook Chanterelle Mushrooms". Realtree Camo. Retrieved 2021-04-04.
  7. ^ Newman, Bryan G. (2013-05-17). "Behind the French Menu: Chanterelle Girolle - The Chanterelle Mushrooms in French Cuisine. The Mushrooms of France IV". Behind the French Menu. Retrieved 2021-04-04.
  8. ^ "Fresh Chanterelle Mushrooms (5lbs)". nwwildfoods.com. Retrieved 2021-04-04.
  9. ^ a b "Chanterelle – Identification, Distribution, Edibility, Ecology, Sustainable Harvesting – Galloway Wild Foods". gallowaywildfoods.com. Retrieved 2021-04-04.
  10. ^ "Health Benefits of Chanterelle Mushrooms". WebMD. Retrieved 2021-04-04.
  11. ^ "Amount of Vitamin D in Mushrooms, Chanterelle, raw natural". www.traditionaloven.com. Retrieved 2021-04-04.

External links[edit]