# Cantellated 24-cells

(Redirected from Cantitruncated 24-cell)
 Orthogonal projections in F4 Coxeter plane 24-cell Cantellated 24-cell Cantitruncated 24-cell

In four-dimensional geometry, a cantellated 24-cell is a convex uniform 4-polytope, being a cantellation (a 2nd order truncation) of the regular 24-cell.

There are 2 unique degrees of cantellations of the 24-cell including permutations with truncations.

## Cantellated 24-cell

Cantellated 24-cell
Type Uniform 4-polytope
Schläfli symbol rr{3,4,3}
s2{3,4,3}
Coxeter diagram
Cells 144 24 (3.4.4.4)
24 (3.4.3.4)

96 (3.4.4)

Faces 720 288 triangles
432 squares
Edges 864
Vertices 288
Vertex figure
Irreg. triangular prism
Symmetry group F4, [3,4,3]
Properties convex
Uniform index 24 25 26

The cantellated 24-cell or small rhombated icositetrachoron is a uniform 4-polytope.

The boundary of the cantellated 24-cell is composed of 24 truncated octahedral cells, 24 cuboctahedral cells and 96 triangular prisms. Together they have 288 triangular faces, 432 square faces, 864 edges, and 288 vertices.

### Construction

When the cantellation process is applied to 24-cell, each of the 24 octahedra becomes a small rhombicuboctahedron. In addition however, since each octahedra's edge was previously shared with two other octahedra, the separating edges form the three parallel edges of a triangular prism - 96 triangular prisms, since the 24-cell contains 96 edges. Further, since each vertex was previously shared with 12 faces, the vertex would split into 12 (24*12=288) new vertices. Each group of 12 new vertices forms a cuboctahedron.

### Coordinates

The Cartesian coordinates of the vertices of the cantellated 24-cell having edge length 2 are all permutations of coordinates and sign of:

(0, √2, √2, 2+2√2)
(1, 1+√2, 1+√2, 1+2√2)

The permutations of the second set of coordinates coincide with the vertices of an inscribed runcitruncated tesseract.

The dual configuration has all permutations and signs of:

(0,2,2+√2,2+√2)
(1,1,1+√2,3+√2)

### Structure

The 24 small rhombicuboctahedra are joined to each other via their triangular faces, to the cuboctahedra via their axial square faces, and to the triangular prisms via their off-axial square faces. The cuboctahedra are joined to the triangular prisms via their triangular faces. Each triangular prism is joined to two cuboctahedra at its two ends.

### Cantic snub 24-cell

A half-symmetry construction of the cantellated 24-cell, also called a cantic snub 24-cell, as , has an identical geometry, but its triangular faces are further subdivided. The cantellated 24-cell has 2 positions of triangular faces in ratio of 96 and 192, while the cantic snub 24-cell has 3 positions of 96 triangles.

The difference can be seen in the vertex figures, with edges representing faces in the 4-polytope:

### Images

orthographic projections
Coxeter plane F4
Graph
Dihedral symmetry [12]
Coxeter plane B3 / A2 (a) B3 / A2 (b)
Graph
Dihedral symmetry [6] [6]
Coxeter plane B4 B2 / A3
Graph
Dihedral symmetry [8] [4]
 Schlegel diagram Showing 24 cuboctahedra. Showing 96 triangular prisms.

## Cantitruncated 24-cell

Cantitruncated 24-cell

Schlegel diagram, centered on truncated cuboctahedron
Type Uniform 4-polytope
Schläfli symbol tr{3,4,3}
Coxeter diagram
Cells 144 24 4.6.8
96 4.4.3
24 3.8.8
Faces 720 192{3}
288{4}
96{6}
144{8}
Edges 1152
Vertices 576
Vertex figure
sphenoid
Symmetry group F4, [3,4,3]
Properties convex
Uniform index 27 28 29

The cantitruncated 24-cell or great rhombated icositetrachoron is a uniform 4-polytope derived from the 24-cell. It is bounded by 24 truncated cuboctahedra corresponding with the cells of a 24-cell, 24 truncated cubes corresponding with the cells of the dual 24-cell, and 96 triangular prisms corresponding with the edges of the first 24-cell.

### Coordinates

The Cartesian coordinates of a cantitruncated 24-cell having edge length 2 are all permutations of coordinates and sign of:

(1,1+√2,1+2√2,3+3√2)
(0,2+√2,2+2√2,2+3√2)

The dual configuration has coordinates as all permutations and signs of:

(1,1+√2,1+√2,5+2√2)
(1,3+√2,3+√2,3+2√2)
(2,2+√2,2+√2,4+2√2)

### Projections

orthographic projections
Coxeter plane F4
Graph
Dihedral symmetry [12]
Coxeter plane B3 / A2 (a) B3 / A2 (b)
Graph
Dihedral symmetry [6] [6]
Coxeter plane B4 B2 / A3
Graph
Dihedral symmetry [8] [4]

## References

• T. Gosset: On the Regular and Semi-Regular Figures in Space of n Dimensions, Messenger of Mathematics, Macmillan, 1900
• H.S.M. Coxeter:
• Coxeter, Regular Polytopes, (3rd edition, 1973), Dover edition, ISBN 0-486-61480-8, p.296, Table I (iii): Regular Polytopes, three regular polytopes in n-dimensions (n≥5)
• H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular Polytopes, 3rd Edition, Dover New York, 1973, p.296, Table I (iii): Regular Polytopes, three regular polytopes in n-dimensions (n≥5)
• Kaleidoscopes: Selected Writings of H.S.M. Coxeter, edited by F. Arthur Sherk, Peter McMullen, Anthony C. Thompson, Asia Ivic Weiss, Wiley-Interscience Publication, 1995, ISBN 978-0-471-01003-6 [1]
• (Paper 22) H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular and Semi Regular Polytopes I, [Math. Zeit. 46 (1940) 380-407, MR 2,10]
• (Paper 23) H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular and Semi-Regular Polytopes II, [Math. Zeit. 188 (1985) 559-591]
• (Paper 24) H.S.M. Coxeter, Regular and Semi-Regular Polytopes III, [Math. Zeit. 200 (1988) 3-45]
• John H. Conway, Heidi Burgiel, Chaim Goodman-Strass, The Symmetries of Things 2008, ISBN 978-1-56881-220-5 (Chapter 26. pp. 409: Hemicubes: 1n1)
• Norman Johnson Uniform Polytopes, Manuscript (1991)
• N.W. Johnson: The Theory of Uniform Polytopes and Honeycombs, Ph.D. (1966)
• 3. Convex uniform polychora based on the icositetrachoron (24-cell) - Model 24, 25, George Olshevsky.
• Klitzing, Richard. "4D uniform polytopes (polychora)". x3o4x3o - srico, o3x4x3o - grico
Fundamental convex regular and uniform polytopes in dimensions 2–10
Family An Bn I2(p) / Dn E6 / E7 / E8 / F4 / G2 Hn
Regular polygon Triangle Square p-gon Hexagon Pentagon
Uniform polyhedron Tetrahedron OctahedronCube Demicube DodecahedronIcosahedron
Uniform 4-polytope 5-cell 16-cellTesseract Demitesseract 24-cell 120-cell600-cell
Uniform 5-polytope 5-simplex 5-orthoplex5-cube 5-demicube
Uniform 6-polytope 6-simplex 6-orthoplex6-cube 6-demicube 122221
Uniform 7-polytope 7-simplex 7-orthoplex7-cube 7-demicube 132231321
Uniform 8-polytope 8-simplex 8-orthoplex8-cube 8-demicube 142241421
Uniform 9-polytope 9-simplex 9-orthoplex9-cube 9-demicube
Uniform 10-polytope 10-simplex 10-orthoplex10-cube 10-demicube
Uniform n-polytope n-simplex n-orthoplexn-cube n-demicube 1k22k1k21 n-pentagonal polytope
Topics: Polytope familiesRegular polytopeList of regular polytopes and compounds