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The Canton Fair or China Import and Export Fair, is a trade fair held in the spring and autumn seasons each year since the spring of 1957 in Canton (Guangzhou), Guangdong, China. It is the oldest, largest, and the most representative trade fair in China.
Detail of the structure of one of the exhibition halls in Pazhou
|Literal meaning||China Import and Export Fair|
|Alternative Chinese name|
|Literal meaning||Canton Fair|
Its full name since 2007 has been China Import and Export Fair (中国进出口商品交易会), renamed from Chinese Export Commodities Fair (中国出口商品交易会). The fair is co-hosted by the Ministry of Commerce of China and the provincial government of Guangdong Province and organized by China Foreign Trade Centre.
The National Pavilion (export section) of Canton Fair is sorted into 16 categories of products, which will be exhibited in 51 sections. Over 24,000 of China's best foreign trade corporations (enterprises) take part in the fair. These include private enterprises, factories, scientific research institutions, wholly foreign-owned enterprises, and foreign trade companies.
The fair leans to export trade, though import business is also done here. Apart from the above-mentioned, various types of business activities such as economic and technical cooperation and exchange, commodity inspection, insurance, transportation, advertising, and trade consultation are other activities that are also commonly carried out at the fair.
- The 127th Canton Fair: In 2020, the fair is postponed due to Wuhan Coronavirus Outbreak, the decision was made after considering the current development of the pandemic, especially the high risk of imported infections.
- First held: April 1957.
- Interval: Three phases per session; two sessions per year.
- Spring session: April 15–19 (Phase 1); April 23–27 (Phase 2); May 1–5 (Phase 3).
- Autumn session: October 15–19 (Phase 1); October 23–27 (Phase 2); October 31- November 4 (Phase 3).
- Phase 1: Electronics & Household Electrical Appliances, Lighting Equipment, Vehicles & Spare Parts, Machinery, Hardware & Tools, Energy + Resources, Chemical Products, Building Materials, International Pavilion
- Phase 2: Consumer Goods, Gifts, Home Decorations
- Phase 3: Office Supplies, Cases & Bags, and Recreation Products, Medical Devices and Health Products, Food, Shoes, Textiles & Garments, International Pavilion
- China Import and Export Fair (Pazhou) Complex, 380 Yuejiangzhong Road, Haizhu District, Guangzhou 510335 
- Gross exhibition space: 1,185,000 m2.
- Number of booths: Over 60,400 standard stands (122nd Session).
- Varieties: Over 160,000.
- Business turnover: 30,160 million USD (122nd Session).
- Number of trading countries and regions: 213 (122nd Session).
- Number of visitors: 191,950 (122nd Session).
- Exhibitors: Over 25,000 (with 24,429 Chinese exhibitors, 620 international exhibitors, 122nd Session).
- "Canton Fair Visitors Information". Archived from the original on 2018-10-18. Retrieved 2015-09-05.
- Simon Harris; Olli Kuivalainen; Veselina Stoyanova (2 March 2012). International Business: New Challenges, New Forms, New Perspectives. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 107. ISBN 978-0-230-32098-7.
- "Official Canton Fair Website". cantonfair.org.cn. Retrieved 2015-09-05.
- Jin, Xin; Weber, Karin (2008-10-11). "The China Import and Export (Canton) Fair: Past, Present, and Future". Journal of Convention & Event Tourism. 9 (3): 221–234. doi:10.1080/15470140802325863. ISSN 1547-0148.
- "Coronavirus: China's largest trade expo postponed as Canton Fair spring session falls foul of pandemic". SCMP. 23 March 2020.
- "Canton Fair Complex Exhibition List". cantonfair.net. 2013-12-09. Archived from the original on 2013-12-13. Retrieved 2013-12-09.
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