Canvastown

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Canvastown
Skyline of Canvastown
Canvastown is located in New Zealand Marlborough
Canvastown
Canvastown
Coordinates: 41°17′26″S 173°40′13″E / 41.29056°S 173.67028°E / -41.29056; 173.67028Coordinates: 41°17′26″S 173°40′13″E / 41.29056°S 173.67028°E / -41.29056; 173.67028
Country New Zealand
Region Marlborough

Canvastown is a locality at the point where the Wakamarina River joins the Pelorus River, in Marlborough, New Zealand. State Highway 6 runs through the area. Rai Valley is 17 km to the northwest. Havelock is 10 km to the east.[1][2]

History[edit]

The town was founded in 1864, after gold was discovered in the Wakamarina Valley. Up to 6000 miners came to make their fortunes. Where there had previously been a Māori , streets of tents sprang up providing accommodation, restaurants and taverns to a population of about 3000 people. About 25,000 ounces (710,000 g) of gold was recovered in 1864.[3] The surface gold was worked out within two years and most of the miners moved to new gold discoveries on the West Coast.[4][5] Steam dredges continued to work the river into the 20th century.[6]

Education[edit]

Canvastown School is a coeducational full primary (years 1-8) school with a decile rating of 5 and a roll of 29.[7] The school was built in 1877[8] and celebrated its 125th Jubilee in 2002.[9]

Culture[edit]

Te Hora Marae is located in Canvastown. It is the marae (meeting ground) of Ngāti Kuia and includes Te Hora wharenui (meeting house).[10][11]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Peter Dowling (editor) (2004). Reed New Zealand Atlas. Reed Books. pp. map 60. ISBN 0-7900-0952-8.
  2. ^ Roger Smith, GeographX (2005). The Geographic Atlas of New Zealand. Robbie Burton. pp. map 138. ISBN 1-877333-20-4.
  3. ^ "Gold Discoveries - Wakamarina and the West Coast". Encyclopedia of New Zealand (1966).
  4. ^ "Gold and gold mining - Other goldfields". Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand.
  5. ^ A. D. McIntosh, ed. (1940). Marlborough - A Provincial History. p. 241.
  6. ^ Marlborough Historical Society (2005). Click - A Captured Moment - Marlborough's Early Heritage. Blenheim: Marlborough Historical Society. p. 200. ISBN 0-473-10475-X.
  7. ^ "Te Kete Ipurangi - Canvastown School". Ministry of Education.[permanent dead link]
  8. ^ "Canvastown School (X1719)". National Register of Archives and Manuscripts. Archived from the original on 2008-10-17. Retrieved 2008-05-18.
  9. ^ "Jubilees & reunions: Canvastown School" (– Scholar search). Education Gazette New Zealand. 81 (5). 25 March 2002.[dead link]
  10. ^ "Te Kāhui Māngai directory". tkm.govt.nz. Te Puni Kōkiri.
  11. ^ "Māori Maps". maorimaps.com. Te Potiki National Trust.

External links[edit]